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in vitro fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization


A Short Guide to In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

What is IVF?

In Vitro Fertilization or IVF is the process of treating genetic or fertility problems while conceiving a baby by

using the woman’s eggs and her partner’s sperm. The process involves Extraction of eggs, taking a sperm sample

and then manually combining an egg and a sperm in a laboratory dish for fertilization. The embryo is then

transferred to the uterus. In Vitro Fertilization is a form of what is known as assisted reproductive technology

or ART. Other forms of ART include gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intra-fallopian transfer


Why is IVF used?

IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients:

-Who have damaged or blocked fallopian tubes or women whose fallopian tubes have been removed

-Where the males have decreased sperm count or sperm motility

-Women with ovulation disorders , ovarian failure or uterine fibroids

-Genetic disorders in individuals

-Infertility due to unexplained causes

what is involved with in vitro fertilization

What is involved with in vitro fertilization?

There are five basic steps in the IVF and embryo transfer process:

The first step involves the prescription of fertility medicines which aid in stimulating egg production. Multiple

eggs are desired because some eggs will not develop or fertilize after retrieval. An ultrasound is done to examine

the ovaries and blood test samples are taken to check hormone levels.

The second step involves a minor surgical procedure through which the eggs are retrieved.

The third step involves asking the male partner to produce a sample of sperm to combine with the eggs.

The fourth step is a process called insemination where the sperm and the eggs are mixed together and stored in a

laboratory. The eggs are monitored to confirm that fertilization and cell division are taking place. Once this

occurs, the fertilized eggs are considered embryos.

The fifth step and the final step consists of transfer of embryos into a women’s uterus three to five days after egg

retrieval and fertilization. After this, implantation occurs around six to ten days after the egg retrieval.

Side effects of IVF

Although some may need some rest after the procedure, most women can resume normal activities the following


Having said that some of the side effects of IVF may include:

Mild cramps

Mild bloating


Tenderness on the breasts

If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

Heavy vaginal bleeding

Pelvic pain

Blood in the urine

A fever over 100.5 °F (38 °C)

Some side effects of fertility medications may include:


Mood swings

Abdominal pain

Hot flashes

Abdominal bloating

On rare occasions, patients may suffer from ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS)

what are the risks associated with in vitro

What are the risks associated with in vitro fertilization?

IVF is not a completely risk –free operation but then that is the case with most medical procedures. Due to OHSS,

some of the more severe problems could be

Nausea or vomiting

Frequency of urination coming down

Shortness of breath


Severe stomach pain and bloating

Rapid weight gain

If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately.

Contact Details:

Address: 12/1, Vatika Mindspaces, Mathura Rd, Sector 27D, Faridabad, Haryana 121003

Phone: 090155 59900


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