President the executive branch
Download
1 / 19

PRESIDENT: The Executive Branch - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on

PRESIDENT: The Executive Branch. LESSON 9. Who can be the President of the United States?. Selecting a Candidate Requirements 35 years of age Native-born citizen of United States Resident for at least 14 years. How do we nominate candidates?. Traditional Nominating Procedure

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'PRESIDENT: The Executive Branch' - luz


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
President the executive branch

PRESIDENT:The Executive Branch

LESSON 9


Who can be the president of the united states
Who can be the President of the United States?

  • Selecting a Candidate

    • Requirements

      • 35 years of age

      • Native-born citizen of United States

      • Resident for at least 14 years


How do we nominate candidates
How do we nominate candidates?

  • Traditional Nominating Procedure

    • Caucus System

      • “KING CAUCUS”:Small group of party leaders selected candidates

      • Used until 1828

    • Nominating Convention

      • Used since 1828

      • Large groups of party members

      • More democratic


How do we nominate candidates1
How do we nominate candidates?

  • Nominating Procedures Today

    • State Conventions

      • Not used due to cost and time concerns

      • Worry that state party “bosses” would have considerable control over selecting nominees


How do we nominate candidates2
How do we nominate candidates?

  • Presidential Primaries & Caucuses

    • All states now use this procedure

    • Delegates chosen by primaries

    • Most democratic, but…

      • Low voter turnout

      • Expensive to run


How do we nominate candidates3
How do we nominate candidates?

  • National Conventions

    • Held summer before the election

    • “Political circus”

    • Purposes

      • Unite the party

      • Introduce the party platform

      • Nominate presidential and vice presidential candidates


How do candidates get their message out to the people
How do candidates get their message out to the people?

  • The Election Campaign

    • The candidate must appeal to the voters“go to the people”

      • Travel, dinners, speeches, TV, etc.

      • Campaigns cost millions of dollars

    • Campaign finance laws

      • 1972: People’s donations must be made public

      • 1974: Government will provide matching funds


Why doesn t the popular vote end the election
Why doesn’t the popular vote end the election?

  • Electoral College System

    • Electoral votes =

    • People vote for “electors for…”


Why doesn t the popular vote end the election1
Why doesn’t the popular vote end the election?

  • The winning candidate is the one that receives the majority (plurality) of the popular votes in a state; the winner of the state receives all of the state’s electoral votes.

  • A candidate needs 270electoral votes to win a Presidential election.

“WINNER-TAKE-ALL” SYSTEM


How does the electoral college affect presidential elections
How does the Electoral College affect Presidential elections?

  • Effects of the Electoral College System

    • Distorts the popular vote

      • 1980:Reagan v. Carter

      • 2000:Bush v. Gore

    • Candidate could lose small states overwhelmingly in popular vote, but carry large states by small margins

      • 1888:Cleveland v. Harrison

      • 2000:Bush v. Gore


How does the electoral college affect presidential elections1
How does the Electoral College affect Presidential elections?

  • Discourages minor parties  only Democrats and Republicans have legitimate chance to win

  • Affects the way candidates campaign  focus on large states with many electoral votes and ignore small states


When does the president elect actually start their new job
When does the President-elect actually start their new job? elections?

  • Presidential Inauguration

    January 20th (following Election Day)  formerly March 4th when travel was harder…


How long does the president serve
How long does the President serve? elections?

  • Presidential Term of Office

    • PRECEDENT: Two-term tradition until 1940

    • 1940:Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) broke the two-term precedent  elected 4 times, but only served 3 full terms!

    • 1951:22nd Amendmentpassed after FDR’s death  limits President to 2 full terms or 10 years total

Who set the precedent?

GEORGE WASHINGTON: He refused to run for a third term in 1796…


If something happens to the president then
If something happens to the President, then… elections?

  • Presidential Succession

    • Original Constitution:Vice President assumes the powers of the President for any reason (death, removal, resignation, etc.)

    • Presidential Succession Act (1947)

      • Vice President

      • Speaker of the House

      • President Pro Tempore (Senate)

      • Cabinet Members (starts with Secretary of State)


If something happens to the president then1
If something happens to the President, then… elections?

  • 25th Amendment (1967)Presidential Disabilities and Succession Act

    • Vice Presidency vacant? President nominates new VP to be approved by majority of Congress (both houses)

    • President disabled?Vice President shall serve as President


What s the need for the president s right hand man
What’s the need for the President’s “right-hand man”?

  • The Vice Presidency

    • Requirements: Same as Presidency (35/native/14)

    • Powers

      • Presides over the Senate

      • Votes on Senate deadlocks (50-50 ties)

      • Takes over for President under following conditions

        • Resignation

        • Removal

        • Death


Who helps the president
Who helps the President? man”?

  • Presidential Advisors and Assistants

    • EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS: The President’s Cabinethas grown from 3 positions to 15 today


Who helps the president1
Who helps the President? man”?

  • PRESIDENT’S CABINET:George Washington began practice of having department heads and advisors meet with President  developed through precedent

    • THOMAS JEFFERSON: Secretary of State

    • ALEXANDER HAMILTON: Secretary of Treasury

    • HENRY KNOX:Secretary of War

    • EDMUND RANDOLPH: Attorney General


How has the president expanded his power throughout history
How has the President expanded his power throughout history? man”?

  • The Unwritten Constitution

    UNWRITTEN CONSTITUTION: Concepts not specifically written in the Constitution, but developed through precedent and time

    • The President’s “elastic clause”:Events and laws that result from Presidential action (ex: Louisiana Purchase)

    • Cabinet

    • Political parties