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HSE for Supervisors HEMP Module. Module Administration. Emergency procedures Facilities: first aid, prayers, refreshments and toilets Documentation: class roster and HSE passports Restrictions: smoking, telephones and pagers Introductions:

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module administration
Module Administration
  • Emergency procedures
  • Facilities:
  • first aid, prayers, refreshments and toilets
  • Documentation:
  • class roster and HSE passports
  • Restrictions:
  • smoking, telephones and pagers
  • Introductions:
  • name, company, position and expectations of the module

Version two 2007

module aims
Module Aims

Aims of the module are to provide supervisory staff with an awareness of their HSE responsibilities in respect of PDO HSE management system and the application of the hazards and effects management process (HEMP)

Version two 2007

module objectives
Module Objectives
  • On completion of module attendees will be able to:
  • explain the basic structure of the PDO HSE management system
  • describe the HEMP model and application in the PDO workplace
  • explain the term ‘as low as reasonably practicable’ (ALARP)
  • describe principles of completing an HSE safety case
  • explain the concept of ‘bow tie’ diagrams

Version two 2007

module objectives continued
Module Objectives (continued)

and

  • describe the process of applying control measures
  • explain the hierarchy of controls
  • describe the process of determining recovery measures for identified hazards in a simulated workplace activity
  • describe the PDO risk matrix and use to classify typical workplace hazards
  • carry out the HEMP process on a simulated workplace activity and produce a simple ‘bow-tie’ diagram to illustrate how the hazard has been assessed and will be controlled

Version two 2007

pdo hse management system
PDO-HSE Management System
  • PDO-HSE-Management System (HSE-MS):
  • managing HS & E hazards and effects in a structured way
  • Is a systematic process of risk identification, assessment, control and recovery
  • sets performance standards for managing HSE
  • assesses and continuously improves performance, monitoring, audit and review

Version two 2007

hse ms elements
HSE-MS Elements
  • HSE-MS elements :
  • leadership and commitment
  • policy and strategic objectives
  • organisation, responsibilities, resources,

standards and documents

  • hazards and effects management
  • planning and procedures
  • implementation and monitoring
  • audit
  • review

Version two 2007

leadership and commitment
Leadership and Commitment
  • Leadership and commitment requires:
  • top down commitment
  • effective management
  • a cohesive culture
  • visible leadership
  • clear statement of targets
  • informed involvement
  • allocation of appropriate resources

Version two 2007

leadership and commitment1
Leadership and Commitment

Policy & strategic objectives

Organisational, responsibilities,

Resources, standards & documents

Hazards & effects

management

Corrective action

Planning & procedures

Implementation

Monitoring

Audit

Management review

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pdo hse policy
PDO - HSE Policy
  • PDO-HSE policy:
  • management approved systematic approach to managing HSE
  • compliant with Omani law, ministerial decisions, licences, permits and approvals
  • compliant with ISO 14001 approved environmental management systems
  • compliant with Shell global HSE management system and policies

Version two 2007

pdo hse strategic objectives
PDO - HSE Strategic Objectives
  • PDO-HSE strategic objectives:
  • mission, vision and policy statements
  • statement of business principles and objectives
  • social responsibility and sustainable development
  • managing risk, people, organisation, business processes and assets
  • optimum performance

Version two 2007

organisation responsibilities resources standards and documents
Organisation, Responsibilities, Resources, Standards and Documents
  • HSE-MS requires:
  • everyone to be responsible for HSE performance
  • appropriate organisational structure
  • appropriate & adequate human, physical and financial resources
  • clear communication of HSE requirements & standards
  • cohesive documentation, planning, scheduling, implementation and maintenance of management system
  • competent and trained employees

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hazards and effects management process
Hazards and Effects Management Process
  • HEMP provides a structured approach to:
  • identifying hazards
  • assessing related risk
  • applying appropriate control measures, and
  • prescribing appropriate recovery measures if controls fail

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slide14
HEMP

Identify

hazards

Assess

related risk

Prescribe

recovery

measures

Apply

control

measures

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hse ms hemp
HSE-MS & HEMP

HSE MS elements

Hazard & effect

management

Identify

hazards

Assess

risks

Control

measures

Recovery

measures

Version two 2007

hemp hse case
HEMP & HSE Case

Introduction

Description

HEMP

Summary

HSE Critical Tasks

Identified shortfalls

& remedial

Conclusions &

statement of fitness

HSE Case

Executive

summary

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hse case
HSE Case
  • HSECase:
  • combines information from hazards and effects register
  • identifies hazard effects and threats
  • assesses likelihood and consequences of a hazardous event
  • manages potential causes by detailing control measures
  • mitigates potential consequences with recovery measures
  • demonstrates how risks are managed to ALARP

Version two 2007

identifying hazards and effects
Identifying Hazards and Effects
  • Identified and assessed by:
  • experience and judgement
  • checklists
  • codes and standards
  • structured reviews techniques

Version two 2007

determining risk
Determining Risk
  • Factors in determining risk:
  • complexity of facilities, activities, products and services
  • routine, non-routine and emergency activities
  • supervision, communication and worker competence
  • detriment to workforce, public and the environment
  • climatic and other variable operating conditions
  • effectiveness of control barriers

Version two 2007

risk assessment
Risk Assessment
  • Risk to:
  • people
  • asset
  • environment
  • reputation
  • Assessed by severity and likelihood

Version two 2007

risk severity
Risk Severity
  • Severity ratings:
  • none
  • slight
  • minor
  • major
  • national
  • international

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likelihood of risk occurring
Likelihood of Risk Occurring
  • Increasing likelihood:
  • never heard of in industry
  • heard of in industry
  • incident has occurred in PDO
  • happens several times per year in PDO
  • happens several times per year in a location

Version two 2007

severity rating assessment
Severity Rating Assessment

Consequences

Likelihood

Severity

Version two 2007

control measures
Control Measures
  • Control measures:
  • preventative measures to reduce likelihood of risk occurring
  • mitigatory measures to reduce consequences
  • recovery measures to reduce chain of consequences arising from risk event

Version two 2007

hierarchy of controls
Hierarchy of Controls
  • Control hierarchy:
  • elimination
  • substitution
  • engineering controls
  • administration safe procedures
  • training
  • PPE

Version two 2007

alarp
ALARP
  • As low as is reasonably practicable (ALARP):
  • risk is reduced to a level of ALARP, at a point in time in relation to the difficulty and cost in achieving a commensurate level of risk reduction

Version two 2007

alarp1
ALARP

Version two 2007

exercise one
Exercise One
  • Working in teams attendees will consider a scenario and:
  • identify the potential hazard
  • assess the associated risk
  • decide appropriate control measures
  • prescribe recovery measures

Version two 2007

control barriers
Control Barriers

Control barriers

Adverse

incidents

&

accidents

Communication

barrier

Competence

barrier

Hazard

Supervision

barrier

Version two 2007

hemp control tools
HEMP Control Tools
  • Control tools:
  • Fault tree analysis
  • Event tree analysis
  • Bow-tie diagram

Version two 2007

bow tie diagram
Bow-tie Diagram

Version two 2007

threats
Threats
  • Potential causes to release a hazard and produce an incident:
  • thermal
  • chemical
  • biological
  • radiation
  • condition
  • uncertainty
  • human factors

Version two 2007

incidents
Incidents
  • Incidents are:
  • release or near release of a hazard exceeding defined limits
  • unplanned events or chain of events which has or could have caused injury, illness, damage and loss to asset, environment or third parties

Version two 2007

hemp recovery
HEMP Recovery

Measures aimed at reinstating or returning situation to normal operating conditions

Version two 2007

hemp records
HEMP Records
  • Hazards and effects register:
  • demonstrates all hazards and effects have been identified, understood and properly controlled
  • kept current for life cycle of project from design through operation to decommissioning

Version two 2007

planning and procedures
Planning and Procedures
  • Management of HSE risk:
  • planning
  • procedure
  • objective
  • target

Version two 2007

hse ms implementation
HSE-MS Implementation
  • Ensuring HSE-MS is applied:
  • set performance measures and indicators
  • establish monitoring to measure performance
  • address non-compliance and apply corrective action
  • ensure incidents are notified, analysed, reported, followed-up and closed out

Version two 2007

hse ms monitoring
HSE-MS Monitoring
  • Activity monitoring to ensure implementation:
  • pro-active monitoring
  • reactive monitoring

Version two 2007

hse ms audits
HSE-MS Audits
  • HSE-MS audits:
  • determine HSE-MS elements are implemented
  • determine HSE-MS fulfils policies, objectives and performance criteria
  • determines HSE-MS complies with legislation and regulations
  • identify areas for improving HSE-MS
  • enable management to address HSE-MS issues of concern

Version two 2007

hse ms review
HSE-MS Review
  • Senior management review HSE-MS to:
  • manage HSE risks
  • reinforce continual HSE performance improvement
  • ensure continued suitability and effectiveness
  • address need for change and continual improvement
  • allocate resource for implementation and maintenance
  • evaluate sites or situations hazards and risks and emergency planning, and
  • document HSE-MS processes, performance, results and recommendations

Version two 2007

exercise two
Exercise Two

Working in teams attendees will consider a scenario and produce a bow-tie diagram

Version two 2007