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Long-Term Plan Update

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  1. Long-Term Plan Update Options for Accelerating Recovery of Phosphorus Impacted Areas in the Florida Everglades February 28, 2006 Long-Term Plan Annual Update Jamie L. Serino Director, Everglades Division SFWMD

  2. Options for Accelerating Recovery Problems: • Phosphorus (P) enriched discharges into the EPA • Human-mediated changes to hydrologic patterns • BMP and STAs address the source of P • However, sediments in the impacted areas of the Everglades are enriched in P • Monotypic stands of cattail have resulted which are dependent on the high levels of P • This sediment will continue to be is a source of P for cattail for decades

  3. Options for Accelerating Recovery

  4. Options for Accelerating Recovery Approach: • Conduct research to answer questions related to accelerating the recovery of cattail impacted areas • SFWMD scientists developed research projects to address the issue: • Fire Project • The Cattail Habitat Improvement Project (CHIP) • These projects were presented at an “Options for Accelerating Recovery” Scientific and Public Workshop • The projects were then reviewed by an external panel of expert scientists

  5. Options for Accelerating Recovery Outcome: • A detailed Research Plan

  6. Options for Accelerating Recovery Projects Personnel: • Everglades Division Director (Jamie L. Serino) • Project Manager for Accelerated Recovery (Thomas W. Dreschel) • Fire Project Scientists (PI: ShiLi Miao) • Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Scientists (PIs: Susan Newman, Scot Hagerthey, Mark Cook)

  7. Long Term Plan Update Ecological effects of fire and natural recovery in a phosphorus (P)-enriched Everglades wetland (Fire Project) ShiLi Miao

  8. Fire Project Objectives: • To assess whether repeated fire can be used as an effective management tool to manage cattail expansion

  9. Fire Project Project design: • Six 300 m X 300 m plots within WCA2A 300 m 300 m

  10. Fire Project Project Status: • Completed Tasks • Site selection • Walkway construction • Coordination with outside labs and agencies • Methods testing for sampling procedures

  11. Fire Project Studies Initiated: Water quality Biomass harvest Seed bank Plant growth Soil study

  12. Fire Project Upcoming events in 2006: • Continued pre-burn sampling and studies • First burn implementation • Post-burn sampling • Initiation of decomposition study • Initiation of native vegetation recruitment study • Public outreach

  13. Long Term Plan Update The Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Sue Newman, Scot Hagerthey, and Mark Cook

  14. Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Objectives: • To determine the effects of large scale cattail removal on ecosystem structure (plants and animals) and function (e.g., nutrient cycling)

  15. Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Project design: • Created fifteen 250 m X 250 m plots within WCA2A • Six plots in an enriched area; three open plots and three control plots • Six plots in a transitional area; three open plots and three control plots • Three plots in an unenriched area; all control plots

  16. Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Autosampler Hydrolab Grab & Tube Samples Met Station Designated Paths Fish Sampling Predefined Sampling Area N 250 m Airboat Maintained Buffer (in open plots only) Staging Platform

  17. Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Project Status: • Pre-burn construction: • Fifteen wooden platforms (4X4 m) • Nine wooden walkways (100 m) • Six control plot metal sampling platforms • Six open plot metal sampling platforms • Completion of firebreaks around open plots

  18. Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Project status • Completed tasks: • Protocol selection for each attribute • Pre/post burn water quality and herbicide monitoring design complete • Everglades Research Database Production attributes assigned • Coordinated with analytical labs and state agencies for sample analysis

  19. Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Upcoming events in 2006: • Continued maintenance of fire breaks • Herbicide application in open plots in May • Controlled back burn of open plots in June • Water quality and herbicide monitoring begins in May • Protocol verification and refinement (inverts and fish) • Construction of last six walkways in open plots after the burn • Public outreach

  20. Long-Term Plan Update Accelerate Recovery of Impacted Areas Tracey Piccone, P.E.

  21. Alternatives Analysis & Plan Formulation Project Manager: TBD Project Description: • Conduct a full alternatives analysis and develop a plan formulation of management scenarios for accelerating recovery of impacted areas of the Everglades Protection Area. • Prepare report summarizing risks and benefits associated with different management scenarios

  22. Alternatives Analysis & Plan Formulation Status • Work not scheduled to start until FY08 • Plan includes recommended funding of $400,000

  23. Hydropattern Restoration Project Manager: Tracey Piccone Project Description: • Restore a sheet flow approximation to various areas along the northerly boundary of the Everglades Protection Area • Structural modifications and components to allow delivery of STA discharges to WCA-2A, East WCA-3A and West WCA-3A via a sheet flow approximation

  24. Hydropattern Restoration Status • Work not scheduled to start until FY2009 • Construction complete by end of FY2012

  25. Implement Steps to Accelerate Recovery of Impacted Areas Project Manager: Tracey Piccone Project Description: • Implement the most promising techniques to accelerate recovery of the impacted areas in the EPA

  26. Implement Steps to Accelerate Recovery of Impacted Areas Status • Work not scheduled to start until FY2010 • Construction complete by end of FY2014

  27. Adaptive Implementation Project Manager: Tracey Piccone Project Description: • To implement additional enhancements and modifications resulting from the PDE process that can be implemented within the existing footprints of the ECP STAs, or added to CERP projects as a locally preferred option to enhance their water quality performance • Plan includes recommended funding of $36 million

  28. Adaptive Implementation Status • Plan recommended funding of $9 million per year starting in FY2007 and ending in FY2010 • Unused FY04 funds from other Long-Term Plan projects were transferred to this project to assist with the surveying phase of the Bolles and Cross Canal Improvements Project (first minor revision to the Plan) • In FY05, funds were budgeted and used for the EAA Regional Feasibility Study

  29. Adaptive Implementation As part of proposed revision to LTP, FY06 funds not needed for two projects will be used for Adaptive Implementation activities • Real Time TP monitoring at STAs • Vegetation Management Strategies • BMPs in District Canals • STA-1W Cell 5 drawdown/enhancements

  30. Long-Term Plan Update Public Comment