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Long-Term Plan Update. Options for Accelerating Recovery of Phosphorus Impacted Areas in the Florida Everglades February 28, 2006 Long-Term Plan Annual Update Jamie L. Serino Director, Everglades Division SFWMD. Options for Accelerating Recovery. Problems:

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long term plan update
Long-Term Plan Update

Options for Accelerating Recovery of Phosphorus Impacted Areas in the

Florida Everglades

February 28, 2006

Long-Term Plan Annual Update

Jamie L. Serino

Director, Everglades Division

SFWMD

options for accelerating recovery
Options for Accelerating Recovery

Problems:

  • Phosphorus (P) enriched discharges into the EPA
  • Human-mediated changes to hydrologic patterns
  • BMP and STAs address the source of P
  • However, sediments in the impacted areas of the Everglades are enriched in P
  • Monotypic stands of cattail have resulted which are dependent on the high levels of P
  • This sediment will continue to be is a source of P for cattail for decades
options for accelerating recovery2
Options for Accelerating Recovery

Approach:

  • Conduct research to answer questions related to accelerating the recovery of cattail impacted areas
  • SFWMD scientists developed research projects to address the issue:
    • Fire Project
    • The Cattail Habitat Improvement Project (CHIP)
  • These projects were presented at an “Options for Accelerating Recovery” Scientific and Public Workshop
  • The projects were then reviewed by an external panel of expert scientists
options for accelerating recovery3
Options for Accelerating Recovery

Outcome:

  • A detailed Research Plan
options for accelerating recovery4
Options for Accelerating Recovery

Projects Personnel:

  • Everglades Division Director (Jamie L. Serino)
  • Project Manager for Accelerated Recovery (Thomas W. Dreschel)
  • Fire Project Scientists (PI: ShiLi Miao)
  • Cattail Habitat Improvement Project Scientists (PIs: Susan Newman, Scot Hagerthey, Mark Cook)
long term plan update1
Long Term Plan Update

Ecological effects of fire and natural recovery in a phosphorus (P)-enriched

Everglades wetland

(Fire Project)

ShiLi Miao

fire project
Fire Project

Objectives:

  • To assess whether repeated fire can be used as an effective management tool to manage cattail expansion
fire project1
Fire Project

Project design:

  • Six 300 m X 300 m plots within WCA2A

300 m

300 m

fire project2
Fire Project

Project Status:

  • Completed Tasks
    • Site selection
    • Walkway construction
    • Coordination with outside labs and agencies
    • Methods testing for sampling procedures
fire project3
Fire Project

Studies Initiated:

Water

quality

Biomass

harvest

Seed bank

Plant

growth

Soil

study

fire project4
Fire Project

Upcoming events in 2006:

  • Continued pre-burn sampling and studies
  • First burn implementation
  • Post-burn sampling
  • Initiation of decomposition study
  • Initiation of native vegetation recruitment study
  • Public outreach
long term plan update2
Long Term Plan Update

The Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Sue Newman, Scot Hagerthey, and Mark Cook

cattail habitat improvement project
Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Objectives:

  • To determine the effects of large scale cattail removal on ecosystem structure (plants and animals) and function (e.g., nutrient cycling)
cattail habitat improvement project1
Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Project design:

  • Created fifteen 250 m X 250 m plots within WCA2A
    • Six plots in an enriched area; three open plots and three control plots
    • Six plots in a transitional area; three open plots and three control plots
    • Three plots in an unenriched area; all control plots
cattail habitat improvement project2
Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Autosampler

Hydrolab

Grab & Tube Samples

Met Station

Designated Paths

Fish Sampling

Predefined Sampling Area

N

250 m

Airboat Maintained Buffer (in open plots only)

Staging Platform

cattail habitat improvement project3
Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Project Status:

  • Pre-burn construction:
    • Fifteen wooden platforms (4X4 m)
    • Nine wooden walkways (100 m)
    • Six control plot metal sampling platforms
    • Six open plot metal sampling platforms
  • Completion of firebreaks around open plots
cattail habitat improvement project4
Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Project status

  • Completed tasks:
    • Protocol selection for each attribute
    • Pre/post burn water quality and herbicide monitoring design complete
    • Everglades Research Database Production attributes assigned
    • Coordinated with analytical labs and state agencies for sample analysis
cattail habitat improvement project5
Cattail Habitat Improvement Project

Upcoming events in 2006:

  • Continued maintenance of fire breaks
  • Herbicide application in open plots in May
  • Controlled back burn of open plots in June
  • Water quality and herbicide monitoring begins in May
  • Protocol verification and refinement (inverts and fish)
  • Construction of last six walkways in open plots after the burn
  • Public outreach
long term plan update3
Long-Term Plan Update

Accelerate Recovery of Impacted Areas

Tracey Piccone, P.E.

alternatives analysis plan formulation
Alternatives Analysis & Plan Formulation

Project Manager: TBD

Project Description:

  • Conduct a full alternatives analysis and develop a plan formulation of management scenarios for accelerating recovery of impacted areas of the Everglades Protection Area.
  • Prepare report summarizing risks and benefits associated with different management scenarios
alternatives analysis plan formulation1
Alternatives Analysis & Plan Formulation

Status

  • Work not scheduled to start until FY08
  • Plan includes recommended funding of $400,000
hydropattern restoration
Hydropattern Restoration

Project Manager: Tracey Piccone

Project Description:

  • Restore a sheet flow approximation to various areas along the northerly boundary of the Everglades Protection Area
  • Structural modifications and components to allow delivery of STA discharges to WCA-2A, East WCA-3A and West WCA-3A via a sheet flow approximation
hydropattern restoration1
Hydropattern Restoration

Status

  • Work not scheduled to start until FY2009
  • Construction complete by end of FY2012
implement steps to accelerate recovery of impacted areas
Implement Steps to Accelerate Recovery of Impacted Areas

Project Manager: Tracey Piccone

Project Description:

  • Implement the most promising techniques to accelerate recovery of the impacted areas in the EPA
implement steps to accelerate recovery of impacted areas1
Implement Steps to Accelerate Recovery of Impacted Areas

Status

  • Work not scheduled to start until FY2010
  • Construction complete by end of FY2014
adaptive implementation
Adaptive Implementation

Project Manager: Tracey Piccone

Project Description:

  • To implement additional enhancements and modifications resulting from the PDE process that can be implemented within the existing footprints of the ECP STAs, or added to CERP projects as a locally preferred option to enhance their water quality performance
  • Plan includes recommended funding of $36 million
adaptive implementation1
Adaptive Implementation

Status

  • Plan recommended funding of $9 million per year starting in FY2007 and ending in FY2010
    • Unused FY04 funds from other Long-Term Plan projects were transferred to this project to assist with the surveying phase of the Bolles and Cross Canal Improvements Project (first minor revision to the Plan)
    • In FY05, funds were budgeted and used for the EAA Regional Feasibility Study
adaptive implementation2
Adaptive Implementation

As part of proposed revision to LTP, FY06 funds not needed for two projects will be used for Adaptive Implementation activities

  • Real Time TP monitoring at STAs
  • Vegetation Management Strategies
  • BMPs in District Canals
  • STA-1W Cell 5 drawdown/enhancements
slide30

Long-Term Plan Update

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