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Mainstreaming MDGs into Local Level Policy Planning. By Jaroslav Kling, UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre. Why MDGs in local development planning?. The ultimate goal of local development planning is improving the QUALITY OF LIFE through: Complex and sustainable development of territory

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mainstreaming mdgs into local level policy planning

Mainstreaming MDGs into Local Level Policy Planning

By Jaroslav Kling, UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

why mdgs in local development planning
Why MDGs in local development planning?
  • The ultimate goal of local development planning is improving the QUALITY OF LIFE through:
    • Complex and sustainable development of territory
    • Addressing of current and anticipated future problems
    • Competitiveness
  • In the 1990s emphasis solely on economic development
  • MDGs emphasize human development
what do we address by local development strategy
What do we address by local development strategy*?

Image

Environment

MDG7

Cohesion of community

Local economy

MDG1,8

Local government

Millennium Declaration

Quality of life

Partnership and cooperation

Financial management

Infrastructure

MDG 2-8

* Example of local development strategies in Slovakia

development strategy the output
Development strategy – the output
  • Situation analysis
  • SWOT
  • Vision
  • Strategy
    • Priority areas
    • Goals
    • Sequenced activities (projects)
      • What to achieve (monitoring indicators)
      • Who will do it
      • Who will cooperate
      • How much will it cost
      • What sources to use
      • Time frame/deadline
  • Implementation structure and mechanism
  • Monitoring and evaluation mechanism
strategy entire chain
Strategy- entire chain

Strategic plan “increasing the quality of public policies”

Critical area: A.2 Housing policy

Global goal: To create conditions for housing construction reflecting the needs and requests from the citizens

Measure: A.2.1 City housing policy

continuation

Example from the Local Development Strategy for the City of Levoca, Slovakia

bottlenecks of the planning phase
Bottlenecks of the planning phase
  • POLITICAL SUPPORT
    • in the initial phase;
    • during entire planning process;
  • Existence of internal (local) team
  • Information preparatory work and inclusion of stakeholders; representativeness of committee to select priority areas
  • Selection of appropriate measures
  • Communication with external actors
  • Linking the measures to municipal budget
  • Selection of external consultants
key principles of preparation and implementation of local strategy
Key principles of preparation and implementation of local strategy
  • Cooperation between public and private sectors
  • Main objective of planning is its implementation
  • Long-term perspective (15-20y), short- and mid-term gradual implementation
  • Complex (but not “complete”) focus
  • Strictly selective solutions – defining of priorities
  • Focus on indigenous resources and their activation
  • Monitoring and evaluation are integral part of entire policy process
ways of the development programs implementation
Ways of the development programs implementation

Local development plan is a tool for interventions of the public sector in the territory through:

  • Grant schemes – defining the priority areas and the outcomes to be achieved through them
  • By consensus selected projects that fulfill the expected objectives of the development plan
  • Combination of the two
funding of the implementation
Funding of the implementation
  • Directly linked to the preparation of the local budget – annual programming of the implementation with the prospects for the coming years
  • Constant, new item of the local budget: “Preparation of projects and studies from the local development plan, budgetary reserve for the co-funding or start of approved projects (if funded from the EU, pre-funding by municipality is required)“
  • Continuous review of the external funding sources, preparation and submission of applications for funding (sequencing of the proposals preparation including the estimate of the budgetary needs for the coming years in case the application is approved) including the credit resources
monitoring
Monitoring
  • Regular monitoring of progress in fulfillment of the strategy

Strategic objective A.1.3: Internal image: city welcoming the tourists

To carry out information campaign on tourism; to introduce a permanent public discussion on tourism, its benefits for and activities in Bardejov; to assure responses to feedbacks from citizens; to carry out permanent program on awareness raising and education for positive approach towards visitors of the city.

Example from the Local Development Strategy for the City of Bardejov, Slovakia

evaluation
Evaluation
  • Evaluation of impact – set of indicators/proxy indicators regularly analyzed (once a year) – indicators of “good quality of life”

Example from the Local Development Strategy for the City of Levoca, Slovakia

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Credits

The lecture was prepared based on the several years of work in the area of local development planning within the Slovak NGO M.E.S.A. 10 (www.mesa10.sk) and based on Buček, 2007*

* Buček, J., 2007. Current strategic economic development planning in cities and its application in Slovakia. Quaestiones Geographicae, 26B, pp. 15-25.