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Pronunciation Practice Classroom Commands Japanese Foods Japanese Martial Arts Japanese Traditional and Pop Culture Engl PowerPoint Presentation
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Pronunciation Practice Classroom Commands Japanese Foods Japanese Martial Arts Japanese Traditional and Pop Culture Engl

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  1. Class Session 1b Chapter 1 • Pronunciation Practice • Classroom Commands • Japanese Foods • Japanese Martial Arts • Japanese Traditional and Pop Culture • English Words Borrowed From Japanese • Japanese Vocabulary • Japanese Words Borrowed from Foreign Languages • Basic Japanese Expressions Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  2. Unvoiced Sounds Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  3. Voiced Sounds Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  4. Palatized Sounds Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  5. Classroom Commands Hajimemashō Let’s begin Suwatte kudasai Please sit down Kiite kudasai Please listen Shizuka ni shite kudasai Please be quite Itte kudasai Please say it Eigo de itte kudasai Please say it in English Nihongo de itte kudasai Please say it in Japanese Issho ni itte kudasai Please say it together Mō ichido itte kudasai Please say it again Ooki-na koe de itte kudasai Please say it in a loud voice Mō sukoshi hayaku itte kudasai Please say it a little faster Mō sukoshi yukkuri itte kudasai Please say it a little slower Eigo ni yakushite kudasai Please translate into English Nihongo ni yakushite kudasai Please translate into Japanese Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  6. Japanese Foods sushi すしsushi sashimi 刺し身sliced raw fish sukiyaki すき焼きJapanese style beef stew unagi うなぎeel tenpura てんぷらtenpura sake 酒Japanese rice wine Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  7. Japanese Martial Arts karate空手karate jūdō柔道judo kendō剣道kendo aikidō合気道aikido sumō相撲sumo Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  8. Japanese Traditional and Pop Culture origami折紙origami (paper folding) haiku俳句haiku (poetry)17-mora poem, in 3 lines of 5, 7 and 5 morae ikebana活花flower arranging kimono着物kimono (traditional Japanese clothing) samurai侍samurai ninja忍者ninja bonsai盆栽bonsai (miniature trees) Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  9. English Words Borrowed from Japanese hibachi火鉢charcoal brazier tsunami津波tidal wave geta下駄 (Japanese wooden) clogs futon布団futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor); sayonaraさよならgoodbye tōfu豆腐tofu; bean curd koi鯉common carp; koi carp gyoza(餃子) ぎょうざgyoza(crescent-shaped pan-fried dumplings stuffed with minced pork and vegetables) ramenらあめんChinese style noodles (from Chinese lamian) (拉麺) (老麺) Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  10. English Words Borrowed from Japanese karaokeカラオケ(空オケ) karaoke(empty orchestra) animeアニメanime(animated film) manga漫画manga(cartoon) kudzu (kuzu) 葛kudzu (Pueraria lobata) (type of vine) kiurushi生漆urushiol(sap of poison ivy, oak, sumac); used in Japan to make lacquerware (urushimono) Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  11. Japanese Vocabulary • Native Japanese words (和語wago) 33.8% • Chinese words (漢語kango) 49.1% • Foreign words (外来語 gairaigo) 8.8% • Japanese change the way foreign words are pronounced to fit the sounds of Japanese. Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  12. Native Japanese words (和語wago) • Usually written in hiragana, with a single Chinese character, or a • single Chinese character + hiragana • Examples: • uchi家house (noun) • suguすぐimmediately (adverb) • akai赤いred (adjective) • iku行くto go (verb) • suruするto do (verb) Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  13. Chinese words (漢語kango) • Usually are written with two (or more) Chinese characters • Usually use the Chinese readings for the characters rather than the native Japanese readings • Examples: • naikai内海inlet; bay; inland sea • tenki天気 the weather • kantan 簡単(な)easy; simple • mijuku 未熟(な) unripe; inexperienced • benkyō勉強(する) study (to study) Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  14. Gairaigo 外来語 Words Borrowed From Foreign Languages animeアニメ English – animation apātoアパート English – apartment arabaitoアルバイト German – arbeit (part time job) depātoデパート English – department store panパン Portuguese – pan (bread) aisukuriimuアイスクリーム English – ice cream hotto dogguホットドッグ English – hot dog tabakoタバコPortuguese – tabako (tobaco) pankuパンク English – puncture (flat tire) Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  15. English made in Japan (和製英語waseieigo) Japanese word constructed of elements from one or more English terms; the meaning of the words in Japanese is usually different than the meaning of the words in English. Examples: アフターサービス afutāsābisu (after service) customer service アメフトamefuto (Ame(rican) foot(ball)) American football ドンマイdonmai don('t) mi(nd) don't worry about it イン・キーinkī in + key locking one's car keys in one's car キャッチホン kyatchihon catch phone call waiting マジックテープmajikkutēpu magic tape Velcro See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gairaigo_and_wasei-eigo_terms for more examples Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012

  16. Basic Japanese Expressions ohayō gozaimasu Good morning konnichi wa Good afternoon konban wa Good evening oyasumi nasai Good night ikaga desu ka How are you? genki desu I am fine Japanese 1100-L01b-06-27-2012