Social Studies STAAR Review American Colonialism-U.S. Reconstruction 1607-1877
Alaska • Purchased from Russia in 1867, it was commonly referred to as “Seward’s Folly or Seward’s Icebox” by Americans who felt it was a waste of money.
Battle Hymn of the Republic • Julia Ward Howe was the creator of the…
Philip Bazaar • First Hispanic-American to win the Congressional Medal of Honor
William Carney • African-American to win the Congressional Medal of Honor for his efforts at the Battle of Ft. Wagner
The establishment of Connecticut and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut • Thomas Hooker was best known for…
Defining the principle of separation of powers and checks and balances • Charles de Montesquieu was best known for…
Unalienable rights: Life, liberty, and property (pursuit of happiness) • John Locke is best known for his contribution to the founding fathers with the outline of…
Created the basis for legal education in the U.S. • William Blackstone is best known for…
Founding Rhode Island and the separation of church from state • Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson are best known for…
Phyllis Wheatley • One of the first U.S. African-American female poets…….
Crispus Attucks • the first African-American to die in the American Revolution
Being the first recognized women contributors to women’s rights. • Mercy Otis Warren and Abigail Adams are most known for their contributions as…
James Armistead • African-American who spied for the U.S. during the American Revolution
Bernardo de Galvez • Governor of Spanish Florida who helped the U.S. during the American Revolution
Haym Salomon • A Jewish immigrant who helped the U.S. with financing during the American Revolution
Freedom of the press (leads to amendment 1) • John Peter Zenger trial was a violation of which basic right?
Judicial review • John Marshall was the Supreme Court Justice who established the idea of….
Benjamin Banneker • African-American mathematician surveyor on planning commission of Washington D. C.
Pierre L’Enfant • Designer of Washington D. C.
Exploring the Louisiana Purchase • Lewis and Clark are most widely known for…
Francis Scott Key • Who wrote the “Star Spangled Banner”?
Julia Ward Howe • Who wrote the “Battle Hymn of the Republic”?
Henry David Thoreau • What famous author displayed “civil disobedience” by refusing to pay his taxes as a protest against the Mexican War and being thrown in jail?
Wentworth Chesswell • Paul Revere’s counterpart, he rode the opposite direction to warn colonists that the British were coming to Lexington.
The Homestead Act • 160 acres of land offered at no cost to western settlers if they completed the following steps in 1862: 1. File an application 2. improve the land 3. file for deed of title Anyone 21 years of age, willing to live on the land for 5 years and show improvements to it, and who doesn’t fight against the Union, and does not allow slaves were eligible for this land. ----------------What law is described here?
Dawes Act 1887 Law: • Allowed for the treatment of Native Americans as individuals rather than as a tribe. • Federal government allowed to survey and divide the land for individual plots.
Morrill Land Grant of 1862 • Law allowed Western states to establish colleges, this opened up education for farmers and workers previously excluded from this opportunity
Republic, Representative Government, Representative Democracy • Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives chosen by the people
1776 • On July 4th of this year, fifty-six representatives from the thirteen colonies met and unanimously approved the Declaration of Independence
Federalists • Those in favor of ratification of the Constitution and a strong central (federal) government
Declaration of Independence • This document was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. It established the 13 colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain.
Thomas Jefferson • Author of the Declaration of Independence
1861-1865 • The American Civil War was fought during these years.
Fort Sumter, SC • Civil War began here
Appomattox Court House • Civil War ended here; Lee surrendered to Grant
Anaconda Plan • Lincoln’s plan to conquer the South and win the Civil War for the Union
Northwest Ordinance • Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states.
Quote from Declaration of Independence • “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. What document is this a quote from?
To protect people’s rights • The purpose of government according to the Declaration of Independence
The people • According to the Declaration of Independence, where a government gets its power from (“consent of the governed”)
Dorthea Dix • Leader of the Prison and Mental health reform movement
Emancipation Proclamation • Taking effect in January of 1863, it declared that all slaves in rebellious Confederate states would be free
Magna Carta • This document, signed by King John of England in 1215, is the cornerstone of English law and justice. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England.
Horace Mann • Leader of Education reform because of the belief that education is the “great equalizer” of society.
Founding Fathers • Men who played a major role in declaring U.S. independence, fighting the Revolutionary War, or writing and adopting the U.S. Constitution. They include Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and James Madison.
Mercantilism • A set of economic principles based on policies which stress government regulation of economic activities to benefit the home country. This was one cause of the American Revolution.
Plantation System • A system of agricultural production based on large-scale land ownership and slave labor. This system focused on the production of cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, and sugar cane.
Industrial Revolution • During this rapid period of industrial growth, more and more countries adopted mass production. Handmade goods were quickly replaced by machine-made goods. Factory laborers replaced craftsmen and home production.
Anti-Federalist • Those who were opposed to (against) the ratification of the Constitution because they feared the power of the national government in the new federal system, and because they favored states’ rights.