Forming Hypotheses Science Lab Book page 19
While an inference an alternative explanation based on observations and prior knowledge, a hypothesis is a tentative explanation for an observation or scientific problem written in a special way that leads to further investigation. • You can write a hypothesis in the form of an “if…, then…, because…” statement.
Keep in mind these important points about hypotheses: • The results of an experiment cannot prove that a hypothesis is correct. Rather, the results either support or do not support the hypothesis. • You can gain valuable information even when your results do not support your hypothesis. • In science, a hypothesis is supported only after many scientists have conducted many experiments and produced consistent results.
Use the “If…, then…, because…” format to write hypotheses about the following scientific problems. The first one is done for you. A. Problem: How does fertilizer help tomato plants produce more tomatoes? Hypothesis:If fertilizer is added to plants, then the plants will produce more tomatoes, because fertilizer helps plants grow.
B. Problem: Which produces higher grades on science tests, studying with music on, or studying with quiet conditions? Hypothesis:
C. Problem: What is the relationship between the number of ducks living on ponds and the amount of bacteria in the pond water? Hypothesis:
D. Problem: How do vitamin C supplements help prevent cold? Hypothesis:
While walking around a park, you observe that two juniper bushes at the end of a long row of juniper bushes are turning brown. You notice that they sit beside a clogged and dripping drinking fountain. You also notice that the ground around the drinking fountain is muddy. You remember when you once killed a houseplant by overwatering it. What is happening whit these bushes? Write a scientific problem and a hypothesis.
Now think of an observation that led you to make an inference. Write a scientific problem, then write a hypothesis to match the problem. Remember to write your hypothesis in a “If…, then…, because…” format so that it lends itself to investigation. a. Description of scenario: b. State the scientific problem: c. Write the hypothesis:
Challenge: How might you test your hypothesis? Be sure to include the materials you would need, the steps you would take, and the types of data you would collect.