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A Place of 3 Cultures. From Empire to Colony. Aztecs built most powerful empire in Mexico By 1400 Tenochitlan was one of the largest cities in the world w/ over 60,000 Aztecs gathering to trade goods daily

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From empire to colony l.jpg
From Empire to Colony

  • Aztecs built most powerful empire in Mexico

    • By 1400 Tenochitlan was one of the largest cities in the world w/ over 60,000 Aztecs gathering to trade goods daily

  • In 1519 Hernando Cortes came to Tenochitlan and within 2 years he had destroyed the Aztec empire

    - the land conquered by Cortes became known as New Spain


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  • New Spain

    • 4 social classes

      • Peninsulares- born in Spain

      • Criollos- Spanish ancestry, born in Americas

      • Mestizos- mixed ancestry

      • Indians (natives)

  • Hacienda- Spanish owned estates of land, usually ran as farms and cattle ranches

  • Spanish rulers gave conquistadors Indians to work their lands as rewards


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Road to Democracy

  • In 1810 Priest Miguel Hidalgo called for a rebellion against Spanish rule

    • He sparked a war of independence

    • By 1821 the independent nation of Mexico emerged( non-Democratic)

    • discrepancy b/w rich and poor remained prominent