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The U.S. In Latin America. Chapter 9 Section 4. Puerto Rico. In 1900 congress passed the Foraker Act Authorized POTUS to appoint a governor and part of the legislature of Puerto Rico The rest of the legislature would be determined by a general election in PR U.S. taxed Puerto Rican goods

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The U.S. In Latin America

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the u s in latin america

The U.S. In Latin America

Chapter 9 Section 4

puerto rico
Puerto Rico
  • In 1900 congress passed the Foraker Act
    • Authorized POTUS to appoint a governor and part of the legislature of Puerto Rico
    • The rest of the legislature would be determined by a general election in PR
  • U.S. taxed Puerto Rican goods
  • Puerto Ricans did not have the same rights as U.S. citizens
jones shafroth act
Jones-Shafroth Act
  • Granted Puerto Ricans more citizenship rights
  • Gave them greater control of their legislature
  • Still didn’t have all the same rights as Americans
  • Platt Amendment
    • Restricted rights of the Cubans
    • Brought Cuba within the US sphere
    • Prevented Cuba from making agreements with other nations without US approval
    • Required Cuba to lease naval stations to the US
    • Gave US the “right to intervene” to preserve order in Cuba
    • Cubans didn’t like it!
big stick diplomacy
“Big Stick” Diplomacy
  • TR’s policy for US action in Latin America
    • Depended on a strong military to achieve goals
  • “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”
  • America had a duty to “civilize” weaker nations
  • America’s captains of industry should be international leaders
panama canal
Panama Canal
  • U.S. bought a French company’s claim in 1903 for $40 million
  • Before building a canal to connect the Pacific to the Atlantic the US needed the permission of the Colombian govt
  • Colombia demanded more than the US was willing to give
  • TR sent warships to assist in the Panamanian rebellion against Colombia
panama canal1
Panama Canal
  • Colombia backed down after the military presence of the US
  • Panama declared its independence and granted the US control over the “canal zone”
  • US agreed to pay Panama $10 million and annual rent of $250,000
  • US transferred control in 1999
panama canal2
Panama Canal
  • More than 35,000 workers dug canal
  • More than 5,000 died from disease or accidents
  • Opened in 1914
roosevelt corollary
Roosevelt Corollary
  • Europe was angry because Latin Americans were not paying debts to foreign investors
  • Updated the Monroe Doctrine
  • TR wanted to keep the Western Hemisphere free from European intervention
  • US would act as police
    • Latin Americans wanted to police themselves!
taft s dollar diplomacy
Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy”
  • “Less big stick, more dollars”
    • “substitute dollars for bullets”
  • Wanted to increase American investments in Central American businesses and banks
  • “Big Stick” sometimes had to be used to protect “dollar diplomacy”
    • Example: Nicaragua…troops sent twice to protect the pro-American govt there
taft s dollar diplomacy1
Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy

Taft’s diplomacy basically failed

wilson s moral diplomacy
Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”
  • Unlike his predecessors, Wilson was anti-imperialism
  • Vowed US would not conduct territorial conquests, instead they would promote “human rights, national integrity, and opportunity.”
  • Despite his rhetoric, he still used military to “guide” Latin Americans
    • Example: Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Mexico
wilson s moral diplomacy1
Wilson’s Moral diplomacy

Wilson’s plan didn’t really work either :’(

wilson sends troops to mexico
Wilson sends troops to Mexico
  • Mexico arrested US sailors
    • Wilson sent in Marines and collapsed Mexican government
  • Things were good for a short time
    • Rebels rose again led by Pancho Villa
  • Villa attacked and killed 18 Americans in NM
    • Troops sent to Mexico on a “punitive expedition”
  • WWI distracted US from Villa
poncho villa
Poncho villa

US gave up the hunt, but he was killed by an unknown assassin in 1923.

exit slip
  • At the end of the Spanish-American War, the U.S. had accomplished its goal of becoming a world power, a role we still retain today.

What problems have we faced as a nation historically because of the role we play in the rest of the world?