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Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid Schooling in America. Edwin D. Bell. Introduction.

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Presentation Transcript
introduction
Introduction
  • My name is Edwin D. Bell, I am a professor of Education at WSSU. I grew up in Roxbury, Massachusetts a few blocks from Father Breeden’s church where Jonathan Kozol started teaching. I have very clear understanding of the type of urban segregation that Kozol describes.
key points
Key Points
  • American Public Schools are resegregating (Harvard Civil Rights Project)
key points continued
Key Points (continued)
  • Politically “separate but equal” has been accepted as government policy, but the separate schools are not actually equal (Kozol, 2005).
  • The physical facilities are different (Kozol, 2005)
  • The teaching staffs are different (Kozol, 2005).
  • The funding is different (See Leandro case)
  • The instructional strategies are different (Kozol, 2005).
key points continued5
Key Points (continued)
  • “Education, of course, is not among the rights afforded explicit protection under our Federal Constitution. Nor do we find any basis for saying it is implicitly so protected.” U.S. Supreme Court, San Antonio School District v. Rodriquez, 411 U.S. 1 (1973)
key points continued6
Key Points (continued)
  • Children of color and poor children are taught differently (Kozol, 2005)
  • Success for all
key points continued7
Key Points (Continued)
  • Educational Organizations are loosely-coupled systems (Weick, 1976)
key points continued8
Key Points (continued)
  • We have the knowledge to educate all children that we choose to educate (Edmonds, 1979, Kozol, 2005)
what difference does it make
What difference does it make?
  • If we have agreed to live with this reality essentially unaltered for another generation or for several generations yet to come, I think we need to honestly say so. I also think we need to recognize that our acceptance of a dual education system will have consequences that may be no less destructive than those we have seen the past century. (Kozol, 2005, p. 11)
consequences
Consequences
  • What are those consequences?
  • What difference, if any, will it make to the future of this nation, this state, this city?
  • What difference, if any, will it make to you?
what if can you do
What if can you do?
  • Social Movement (Kozol, 2005)
  • Create a “Treasured Place” (Kozol, 2005, Sanders, 1998, Wang, Haertel, and Walberg, 1993)
  • Maintain a “…Sense of Joy inside yourself. If not, you can’t create it for students” (Kozol, 2005, p. 299)
resources
Resources
  • Balanced Literacy retrieved from http://teacher.scholastic.com/professional/teachstrat/balanced.htm
  • Edmonds, R. (1979). Effective schools for the urban poor. Educational Leadership, 37(1), 15-24.
  • Harvard University Civil Rights Project retrieved from http://faculty.babson.edu/krollag/org_site/org_theory/Scott_articles/weick_lcs.html
  • Kozol, J. (2005). Shame of the Nation: The Restoration of Apartheid in America. New York, NY: Crown Publishing.
  • Leandro et al v. State of North Carolina; State Board of Education retrieved from http://www.aoc.state.nc.us/www/public/coa/opinions/1996/95-0321.html
resources continued
Resources (Continued)
  • Literature Circles retrieved from http://www.education-world.com/a_curr/curr259.shtml
  • Literature Circles retrieved from http://www.literaturecircles.com/
  • NC Justice Center retrieved from http://www.ncjustice.org/headlines/details.php?id=444
  • U.S. Supreme Court, San Antonio School District v. Rodriquez, 411 U.S. 1 (1973)
  • Sanders, W.L. (1998). Value-Added Assessment. School Administrator, 11(55), 24-27. Retreived from http://www.aasa.org/publications/saarticledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=4627&snItemNumber=950&tnItemNumber=951
  • Sheltered Instruction Model retrieved from http://www.crede.org/tools/professional/siop/siop.html
  • Success for All Retrieved from http://www.ericdigests.org/1999-3/success.htm
  • Wang, M.C.; Haertel, G. D.; and Walberg, H. J.(1993/1994). What helps students learn? Educational Leadership, 51(4), 74-79.
  • Weick, K. (1976) Educational organizations as loosely coupled systems, Administrative Science Quarterly, 21, 1-9. retrieved from http://faculty.babson.edu/krollag/org_site/org_theory/Scott_articles/weick_lcs.html