Art Studies Land Art
What is Land Art? • Land Art, Earthworks or Earth Art is an art movement which emerged in America in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, in which landscape and the work of art are inextricably linked. Sculptures are not placed in the landscape, rather the landscape is the very means of their creation. • The works frequently exist in the open, located well away from civilisation, left to change and erode under natural conditions. Many of the first works, created in the deserts of Nevada, New Mexico, Utah or Arizona were ephemeral in nature and now only exist as video recordings or photographic documents
ephemeral • This is a great word to use when talking or writing about Land Art. • What exactly does this word mean? • transient • temporal (time-bound) • Impermanent (not permanent) • fragile • will not last forever
Andy Goldsworthy • Born in Cheshire, England in 1956. • Internationally renowned Land Artist. • Produces site-specific sculptures. • Uses natural and urban settings. • His art involves the use of natural and found objects to create both temporary and permanent sculptures which draw out the character of their environment.
‘Iris Blades and Rowan Berries’, August 1987, Yorkshire Sculpture Park
More Land Artists • Nancy Holt • Robert Smithson • Walter De Maria
Nancy Holt ‘Sun Tunnels’, Utah, U.S.A.
Robert Smithson ‘Spiral Jetty’, Great Salt Lake, Utah, U.S.A.
Walter De Maria ‘The Lightning Field’, desert at Quemado, New Mexico, U.S.A. http://www.lightningfield.org/