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The Challenge and Strength of Rock Lobster Governance in New Zealand. Tracy Yandle Emory University tyandle@emory.edu. Tracy. Thank You’s. New Zealand Rock Lobster Industry Council Daryl Sykes (NZ RLIC) Helen Regan (NZ RLIC) University Research Committee (Emory University). Overview.

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the challenge and strength of rock lobster governance in new zealand

The Challenge and Strength of Rock Lobster Governance in New Zealand

Tracy Yandle

Emory University

tyandle@emory.edu

thank you s
Thank You’s
  • New Zealand Rock Lobster Industry Council
  • Daryl Sykes (NZ RLIC)
  • Helen Regan (NZ RLIC)
  • University Research Committee (Emory University)
overview
Overview
  • Fishery Description
  • History of Rock Lobster Management
    • Regulatory Summary
    • Key Events in Developing Co-Management
    • Why Co-Management Developed
  • Organization of Rock Lobster Co-Management
  • Effects of Rock Lobster Co-Management
  • Lessons
  • Challenges
fishery description
Fishery Description
  • Small vessels (potting) fishing into large processing & export companies
  • 3rd largest seafood export
  • ITQ management supplemented with co-management
why did co management develop
Why Did Co-Management Develop?
  • Social Capital
    • Tradition of involvement in fishery
    • Involvement institutionalized through government’s and fishers’ actions
  • Property Rights
    • ITQs expanding perception property rights
    • Provided incentive to take on management responsibilities
organization of rock lobster co management 1
Organization of Rock Lobster Co-Management (1)
  • 9 CRAMACs
    • regional organizations
    • Heart of rock lobster co-management
    • Characteristics vary by region
      • Membership & voting rules
      • Pressure & interactions from other interests
      • Activities
    • Develop own projects and cooperate with NZ RLIC projects
organization of rock lobster co management 2
Organization of Rock Lobster Co-Management (2)
  • Rock Lobster Industry Council (NZ RLIC)
    • CRAMACs appoint representatives to NZ RLIC board
    • Voting and contribution proportionate to regional TACC
    • Funded through levy
    • Provides representation, technical assistance, & coordination to CRAMACs
    • Research provider to Ministry of Fisheries
  • New Zealand Seafood Industry Council (SeaFIC)
    • Stakeholder groups (e.g., NZ RLIC) are shareholders
    • Provides generic advice and advocacy for seafood industry
    • Employs research scientists who contract with NZ RLIC for stock assessment research
effects of co management
Effects of Co-Management
  • Outputs
    • Catch is down
    • CPUE is up
    • Stock is sustainable (given uncertainty)
    • BUT – what is effect of ITQ vs co-management???
  • Management Process
    • Increased participation by fishers and industry
    • Documented at national and regional levels
    • Participation in rule-making increases compliance & robustness of regime
lessons
Lessons
  • Development of co-management was long-term process
  • Social capital AND property rights vital
  • Long-term policies encouraging these characteristics may be more useful than quick regulatory change in a vacuum
challenges
Challenges
  • Separation of catching rights from ownership rights
  • Need to define ALL extractors’ rights
  • Both issues threaten incentives to participate in co-management
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