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HIST 300: Types of Resources. Natalie Burclaff Langsdale Library [email protected] 410-837-5072. Today: Types of Resources. Web resources Evaluation basics Information Cycle Types of periodicals Primary vs. secondary sources. Web Resources. History Websites by Type.

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Hist 300 types of resources

HIST 300: Types of Resources

Natalie Burclaff

Langsdale Library

[email protected]

410-837-5072


Today types of resources
Today: Types of Resources

  • Web resources

  • Evaluation basics

  • Information Cycle

  • Types of periodicals

  • Primary vs. secondary sources



History websites by type
History Websites by Type

  • Collections of primary sources

  • Reports of papers and projects

  • “Webliographies” (lists of websites)

  • Collections of documents and activities

  • Blogs or personal reflections

  • Listservs and discussion forums

  • Reference websites


Search engines types 1
Search Engines: Types (1)

  • Big general ones:

    • Google, Bing

      • Yahoo.com

      • Ask.com

      • Bing

      • Gigablast

    • List of others from DMOZ

      • And from Wikipedia


Compare results
Compare Results!

http://www.bing-vs-google.com/


Search engines types 2
Search Engines: Types (2)

  • Metasearch Engines

    • Search multiple search engines at once

      • Dogpile

      • Yippy (was Clusty)

      • Surfwax

    • List of others from DMOZ


Invisible web a k a deep web
Invisible Web (a.k.a. Deep Web)

  • “Surface web”: Google, Yahoo, etc

  • 500+ times larger than surface web

    • Images & other non-text files

    • Local content (page generated only when you request it)

    • Fee-based sites (e.g., library databases)

  • Most information is free


Invisible web search engines
Invisible Web Search Engines

  • Internet Archive:

    • http://www.archive.org/

  • Librarian’s Index to the Internet:

    • http://lii.org

  • List of Others from an article


Academic search engines
Academic Search Engines

  • Search invisible Web

  • Focus on academic information

  • Examples:

    • Directory of Open Access Journals

    • Google Scholar

    • OAIster



Evaluating resources the 5 w s
Evaluating Resources: the 5 W’s

  • Who is the author of the web site?

  • What are their credentials (expertise)?

  • When was the information published or written?

  • Where was the information published?

  • Why was the page created?


Evaluating web resources
Evaluating Web Resources

  • Langsdale Tutorial:

    • Web Evaluation

  • Evaluating Web Pages: Techniques to Apply & Questions to Ask

  • The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Evaluating Criteria



Minutes hours after the event
Minutes/Hours after the event

What information sources are available?

What do they tell us?



Day after the event
Day after the event

  • What information sources are available?

  • What do they tell us?



Weeks after the event
Weeks after the event

  • What information sources are available?

  • What do they tell us?



Months after the event
Months after the event

  • What information sources are available?

  • What do they tell us?



Years after the event
Years after the event

  • What information sources are available?

  • What do they tell us?



Article sources types of periodicals
Article Sources: Types of Periodicals


Publishing
Publishing

Who decides what gets published?

Peers

Editors

Individuals

Who do you trust?



Scholarly vs popular
Scholarly vs. Popular

Peer-reviewed

Written by experts

Original research (scientific method)

Cite their sources (with references)

Longer, lots of text

Published monthly, quarterly, annually, available by subscriptions only

Editors

Written by reports

Topics for a wide audience

No standard citation method

Lots of pictures, ads

Published daily, weekly, monthly and available in public locations


And in between
…And in between

Trade magazines

Intellectual publications


Types of periodicals
Types of Periodicals

  • Popular: written for general audience; written at a high-school level or lower

  • Professional/Trade: written for fellow practitioners; uses specific vocabulary (jargon)

  • Scholarly: written by and for experts on a topic; scholars and researchers; writing is very technical



Primary sources
Primary Sources

Original accounts or records of historical events

  • Diaries, journals, speeches, interviews, letters

  • Memoirs and autobiographies

  • Original documents (e.g. family Bible records)

  • Photographs, documentaries, sound recordings

  • Newspaper articles written at the time describing the particular event


Secondary sources
Secondary Sources

Written later and/or provide historical analysis.

Based on the primary sources

  • Articles by people not at the event based on others’ accounts

  • Textbooks

  • Reference sources

  • Books and articles analyzing the historical context of the event


Primary vs secondary
Primary vs. Secondary

  • Photos, letters, and other original documents are considered primary even if they are reproduced in a book or other source (they are still artifacts)

  • When in doubt, ASK!


Primary or secondary
Primary or Secondary?

Dr. Nix witnesses a fire and gives an interview about it in the Baltimore Sun

Primary, eyewitness account (fire)

Reporter writes a book about Baltimore fires that mentions Dr. Nix

Secondary (fire, Dr. Nix)

Dr. Nix writes a book about Baltimore fires

Primary (Dr. Nix’s account) or Secondary (fire, Baltimore)


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