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DHARMA-BASED PERSON-CENTERED APPROACH SHIN-SHU COUNSELING. -THE CONNECTION BETWEEN SHIN-BUDDHISM AND PCA WITHIN MYSELF- K. Yamashita Mimasaka University Japan yamakaz@mvi.biglobe.ne.jp. It was 35 yeas ago that I encountered Professor Gisho Saiko. He was a

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Dharma based person centered approach shin shu counseling



K. Yamashita

Mimasaka University Japan


Dharma based person centered approach shin shu counseling

It was 35 yeas ago that I encountered Professor Gisho Saiko. He was a

marvelous Listener. His smile was so beautiful. I was deeply relieved by him.

It was an unbelievable encounter. Later I discovered the secret. He was a living

Shin-Buddhist (Pure land Buddhism) who deeply understood person-centered

approach. I followed him. I have been learning PCA in my life and entranced

into Shin-Buddhism teaching. Now both are connected deeply within myself

inseparably. I am deeply relieved and having rich moment with my clients,

students, friends, family within this deep connection. I would like to share myself

with you in this presentation.


1.Contents of this presentation Saiko. He was a

1 My speaking(60min). and sharing (20min.)

2 Mainly this is my subjective report, and I will try it in a rule of objective

Dharma-based person-centered approach (D-pca).

3. I aim at being given a demonstration of D-pca at the same time.

2. My encounter of PCA and Shin-Buddhism brought me the ultemately

deep awareness that should be called the treasure of my life.


1. The place where I have been experiencing PCA and Shin-Buddhism

2. my experiencing of PCA

3. Buddhism (Shin-Buddhism) has given me ultimately deep spiritual awareness.

3. Shin-shu counseling/Dharma-based person-centered approach

1. Saiko-model (Fig. 1, 2)

2. My way of being as a counselor/helping person

3. Co-travelers of living (御同行、御同朋-On-Dogyo, On-Dobo)


2 1 the place where i have been experiencing pca and shin buddhism

1 Professor Gisho Saiko Saiko. He was a


Encounter groups and counseling workshops (in Japan)

Play Mountain Place-Humanistic alternative school (Los Angeles)

International PCA Forum

3 Hoza (法座), Dharma meeting

Listening Shin-Buddhism Teaching

Practice (calling Amida Buddha’s name, Nembutsu)

Sharing ourselves in a small group (like Encounter group)

2-1 The place where I have been experiencing PCA and Shin-Buddhism

Dharma based person centered approach shin shu counseling

1 PCA has affinity to Eastern thought Saiko. He was a

“Organism” not a creature,

“Shujo(衆生)”, “Ujo(有情)”, Ikimono(生きもの)“, ”sentient being“

Lao-tse, “Wu-wei”, “noaction

2 I have been learning the importance of “experiencing”, “congruence”, “authenticity”, “caring”, “understanding person’s internal frame of reference” within relationship.

3 “To Be That Self Which One Truly is” (Rogers), “The way to do is to be” (Lao-tse), “自由(Ji-yu)”, “あるがまま”(Aruga mama)

4 However I am not satisfied, something vacant, spiritually thirsty.

2-2 It is me who it continues being attracted by big charm of PCA becoming the bridge of the Western thought and Eastern thought.

2 3 buddhism shin buddhism has given me ultimately deep spiritual awareness

1 About Shin-Buddhism (see. Saiko Saiko. He was a’s paper p.2)

I will share how Shin-Buddhism (Buddha Darna) is living within myself.

2. Knowing about myself with Buddha’s wisdom

Suffering, Four major forms of suffering and eight major forms of suffering.

Suffering comes from myself.

I am blind and lost.I have Evil Karma. I am ego-oriented, have ego-attachment.

I am finite.There is no in-finite in myself. I do not have self-power to become

Buddha (awakened person).

3. Turnabout, Transcendent (Shinjin gyakutoku)

Spiritual A-ha experience

Ultimate awareness

4 Awaking to Buddha‘s compassion (Amida Buddha’s Vow)

I am deeply knowing that Buddha’s compassion(Amida Buddha’s Vow) is

directing to myself. I have fundamental Joy deeply in myself.

This means I am relieving, liberating

2-3 Buddhism (Shin-Buddhism) has given me ultimately deep spiritual awareness. 転迷開悟

About shin buddhism saiko buddha dharma

In short, it is a path in which an Saiko. He was a“ordinary foolish person” can become a Buddha.

“Any person who believes in Amida Buddha’s Primal Vow and recites the

Buddha’s Name (Namu Amida Butsu) attains birth in Amida’s Pure Land and

becomes a Buddha (Saiko).

I believe the term “Buddha Dharma” better represents the religious system that

is commonly called Buddhism. The reason is it is a way of life for all the

humanity, not just an “ism,” which is a system of thought. Sakyamuni Buddha

attained perfect awaking to the truth and reality if human suffering, and this

awaking is called “wisdom.” Out of compassion for people, he decided to share

his realization with them to emancipate them from suffering. Because it has

come from the Buddha’s supreme awaking and contains the dynamic power of

saving people based on his wisdom and compassion, I wish to call the Buddha’s

teaching “Buddha Dharma (Saiko).”

About Shin-Buddhism (Saiko)-Buddha Dharma-

3 2 my way of being as a d pca counselor helping person

1. Dharma-based congruence Saiko. He was a

I am deeply awaking myself with Buddha Dharma. I was born alone, dying

alone, coming from somewhere, going to somewhere alone. I am in the ocean

of death-and-birth. I am in the Evil Karma. I am relative and finite, lost and blind

I do not have self power go beyond myself. Because of this reality Amida

Buddha’s Vow (Buddha‘s compassion) is directing me. I am deeply awaked

and liberating. I have fundamentally great joy deep in myslef.

2. Dharma-based unconditional positive regard

I am awakening that clients/persons are also with Buddha Dharma.

Amida Buddha’s Vow (Buddha‘s compassion) is directing them.

Even they are not awaking it, I am awaking this reality. I deeply with them as

mundane persons who are directed by Amida’s Vow (Buddha‘s compassion).

3. Empathic understanding

This is the same concept of Rogers. This is the process to reach to understand

clients/persons’ inner world, internal frame of reference.

3-2 My way of being as a D-pca counselor/helping person

3 3 co travelers of living on dogyo on dobo

Clients/persons are the only persons who know their directions. They do their

thing. We are same persons with Buddha Dharma. We are co-travelers in our

life. Life is not easy. I am being with them having sadness, heavy feeling,

hardness. Sometimes I am stucked, crying with them. Even this, Amida Buddha’s

Vow (Buddha’s Compassion) is always directing us. I am being with them in

great joy and relieving. I think this attitude is beyond “unconditional positive

regards (Rogers)”.

3-3 Co-travelers of living , 御同行、御同朋(On-Dogyo, On-Dobo)


1. Saiko,Gisho directions. They do their

Dharma-based Person-Centered Approach in Japan 2001

paperpresented 8th InternationalPCAForuminJapan

2. Rogers, C. R. A Way of Being 1980HoughtonMifflinCompany

3. Rogers, C. R. On Becoming a Person 1961 HoughtonMifflinCompany

4. Ueda, Yoshifumi/Hirota, Dennis

Shinran-An Introduction to his Thought 1989 Hongwanji International Center

5. Brazier, C. Buddhist Psychology-Liberate your mind, embrace life- 2003