Chapter 9 Westward Expansion. Frontier The land that forms the farthest extent of a nations settled region. Land Grant Government gift of land Ranchero Mexican owner of a ranch Expansion Extending the nation beyond its existing borders. Vocabulary Ch.9 Sec 3. Annex 330 Cede 331
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Chapter 9 Westward Expansion • Frontier • The land that forms the farthest extent of a nations settled region. • Land Grant • Government gift of land • Ranchero • Mexican owner of a ranch • Expansion • Extending the nation beyond its existing borders
Vocabulary Ch.9 Sec 3 • Annex 330 • Cede 331 • Sam Houston 329 • Siege 329 • John C Fremont 331 • Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna 329
The West • Americans thought of the land beyond the Rocky Mountains as the West. • In the 1800’s many countries claimed the West their own. • The lands of the Southwest were originally claimed by Spain then Mexico • The Spanish built missions in California • The Southwest had a unique blend of Spanish and Native American culture.
Manifest Destiny • Thomas Jefferson believed the nation must increase in size to make room for it’s growing population. • The belief that the United States was destined to extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Warm Up Ch.9 • What is the belief that the United States was destined to extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific? • Manifest Destiny • The Southwest was originally claimed by what two countries? • Spain, then Mexico • What is a land grant? • Government gift of land
Declaring Independence • Texans revolted against the Mexican government. • In 1836 Texans declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas.
Annexing Texas and Oregon • In 1845 Congress Annexed all land South of latitude 49 degrees N. • This territory became the states of Washington, Oregon and part of Idaho.
The Mexican American War • The annexation of Texas increased tensions with Mexico. • Polk wanted to provoke war with Mexico. • The Mexicans were unable to defend their cities from American occupation. • The treaty of Guadalupe –Hidalgo ended the Mexican American war. Texas, California, New Mexico became part of the United States.