The mass measurement with the crystal ball at mami
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The η - mass measurement with the Crystal Ball at MAMI. A. Nikolaev for the Crystal Ball @ MAMI and A2 Collaborations Helmholtz Institut f ür Strahlen - und Kernphysik, University Bonn. The h mass measurement at MAMI. The h production threshold measurement from γ p → p η .

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The mass measurement with the crystal ball at mami

The η-mass measurement with the Crystal Ball at MAMI

A. Nikolaev for the Crystal Ball @ MAMI and A2 Collaborations

Helmholtz Institut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik, University Bonn


The h mass measurement at mami
The h mass measurement at MAMI

  • The h production threshold measurement fromγp→pη.

  • The mass of h is calculated from relation:

    where mp is the proton mass, Egthr – production threshold.

  • Recently published measurements:

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Crystal ball taps detector
Crystal Ball/TAPS detector

Particle

identification

detector

Crystal Ball

672 NaI detectors

  • Crystal Ball detector:

    • 672 NaI crystals

    • measures EγandӨγ

TAPS 510

BaF2 detectors

  • Particle identification detector:

    • 24 plastic bars of size 30 cm x 2 cm 0.2 cm

    • marks charged particles

  • Forward wall detector TAPS:

    • 510 BaF2 single plastic detectors with individual vetos

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


The tagging facility
The tagging facility

  • The energy Eg of the photon is determined (tagged) by:

  • Incoming MAMI electron beam energy E0 is known with an accuracy of sE0 = 68 keV.

  • Scattered electron energy Ee-is known with an accuracy of sEe- = 78 keV.

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Tagger microscope detector
Tagger microscope detector

  • An array of 96 plastic scintillator fibres (3 mm x 2 mm).

  • Each single fibre overlaps by 1/3 with its neighbor. The overlap region defines microscope detector channel μch(191 channels in total).

  • The energy resolution is 0.3 MeV per microscope channel μch.

  • Tagger microscope is positioned to cover electron energies 153 to 209 MeV. At a beam energy of 883 MeV this corresponds to tagged photons between 674 MeV and 730 MeV (η threshold ~707 MeV).

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Tagger microscope energy calibration
Tagger microscope energy calibration

  • Direct calibration:

    • Direct position measurement of the MAMI electron beam for the energies Ee- = 180.1 MeV, 195.2 MeV and 210.2 MeV using the same dipole magnetic field as in the experiment (Bcal = Bexp = 1.049 T).

  • Scan beam through microscope varying the dipole field:

    • Increase tagger dipole magnetic field Bcal in small steps.

    • Measure new electron beam position supposing equivalent electron beam energy for a given field setting Bcal :

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Tagger microscope energy calibration1
Tagger microscope energy calibration

Blue arrows show direct position measurements of the electron beam of energies 180.1, 195.2 and 210.2 MeV.

210.2 MeV

1.055 T

195.2 MeV

1.049 T

180.1 MeV

1.049 T

Expected η threshold

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Total energy measurement uncertainty
Total energy measurement uncertainty

  • Standard deviation of data points from fit:

    was calculated for

    each scan individually:

  • Average uncertainty: s= 0.27 mch = 78 keV (electron energy Ee-).

  • Add electron beam energy E0 determination uncertainty of MAMI 68 keV (s)

s(threshold) = 103 keV

s(mh) = 65 keV

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


The h mass beamtimes
The h mass beamtimes

  • Two beamtimes for the h mass measurement:

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Identification of h meson
Identification of h meson

  • h mesons are identified via their uncharged decay modes.

  • Events with 2 photons and 6 photons (with or without proton) are investigated.

  • Photons are identified with Crystal Ball/TAPS detector.

  • Particle identification detector serves as a veto for charged particles in CB.

  • TAPS crystals have individual veto detectors for marking charged particles.

  • h→2γ and h→3π0 decays are analyzed independently.

Particle

identification

detector (PID)

Crystal Ball

672 NaI crystals

TAPS 510 BaF2 crystals with individual vetos

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Identification of photons and protons
Identification of photons and protons

protons

  • Crystal Ball

    • Uncharged particles = photons.

    • Charged particles: ΔE(PID) vs. ECB: cut the proton.

  • TAPS forward wall

    • Vetos: charged particles.

    • Pulse shape analysis: cluster energy deposition in short Eshort vs. in long Elong integration interval.

    • Time of flight:

      ETAPS cl.vs.( tTAPS cl. – tCB photons ).

protons, neutrons

protons

photons

photons

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Cb time walk correction
CB time walk correction

  • Investigate γp→pπ0with γγp final state.

  • For each of 672 NaI crystals:

    • ECB hitvs.( tCB photons – tPID proton )

    • fit the peaks with t(E) function.

  • 7-13 Dec 2004 #4924-5088:

    • faulty crystals #: 168, 183, 194, 205, 221, 352.

  • 11-20 Jan 2005 #5200-5452:

    • faulty crystals #: 41, 168, 205.

Ladder

FWHM = 2.3 ns

Sigma = 1.0 ns

Microscope

FWHM = 1.7 ns

Sigma = 0.7 ns

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Invariant mass distributions
Invariant mass distributions

Mean = 568 MeV

Sigma = 20 MeV

  • 2g (with or without proton) final state invariant mass distribution.

  • 3p0 (6g, with or without proton) final state invariant mass distribution.

  • Cut on invariant mass distribution.

  • Time coincidence peak between tagger microscope and detector: cut the coincident events.

  • Cut on lost proton missing mass.

Mean = 138 MeV

Sigma = 8 MeV

π0

η

Mean = 558 MeV

Sigma = 16 MeV

FWHM = 1.7 ns

Sigma = 0.7 ns

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Tagger dipole field jan 2005
Tagger dipole field / Jan 2005

  • NMR = 1.049057±0.000535 T (± 0.01 MeV in Ee). Very good!

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Tagger dipole field dec 2004
Tagger dipole field / Dec 2004

  • NMR = 1.049527±0.015 T (± 2.78 MeV in Ee).

  • Need to refine data with faulty NMR!

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Microscope channel efficiency
Microscope channel efficiency

  • Investigate γp→pπ0with 2 photons and 1 proton final state using tagger.

  • Prompt - random time windows.

  • In microscope region (tagger channels 55-85) “pion yield” looks constant.

  • Investigate the same with microscope.

  • Microscope channels have different efficiencies!

  • Use “pion yield” distribution as microscope channels efficiency to correct the η yield!

Microscope region

pion yield in microscope pion yield in tagger

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Eta yield for reaction p p 2
Eta yield for reaction γp→pη (η→2γ)

Fit function: f(x)=a0+a1 x+a2 x2+a3 x3

η→2γ

Fit range: 0-75 μch

Without acceptance correction!

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Eta yield for reaction p p 3 0
Eta yield for reaction γp→pη (η→3π0)

Fit function: f(x)=a0+a1 x+a2 x2+a3 x3

η→3π0

Fit range: 0-75 μch

Without acceptance correction!

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Result dependence on fit range
Result dependence on fit range

η→2γ

η→3π0

Fit range:

0 to 75 μch

10 to 75 μch

20 to 75 μch

30 to 75 μch

40 to 75 μch

50 to 75 μch

60 to 75 μch

70 to 75 μch

Fit range:

0 to 75 μch

10 to 75 μch

20 to 75 μch

30 to 75 μch

40 to 75 μch

50 to 75 μch

60 to 75 μch

70 to 75 μch

  • 1. η→2γ: mη=547.683 ± 0.013fit MeV

  • 2. η→3π0:mη=547.743 ± 0.013fit MeV

Very preliminary

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • New threshold data on γp→pη.

  • Theη identified by η→ γγ and η→3π0.

  • Energy calibration for Ee- (tagger microscope) done.

  • Energy calibration E0 (Mainz Microtron) final checks for systematical error underway.

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Mami energy determination uncertainty

RTM 3

B = 1.3260 T ±0.13 mT

ΔE = ~7.81 ±0.02 MeV

D73 = 3768.45 ±0.4 mm

MAMI energy determination uncertainty

turn 90 Cavity 1

Dipole 1

Dipole 2

turn 73 Cavity 2

where e is electron charge, B is dipole magnetic field, D - electron track diameter.

D73

ΔE

Eout = Ein + z·ΔE, z = 90

Ein = 180 MeV

Extrapolate to end energy:

Eout = 883.X ± 0.16 MeV (FWHM)

σEout= 68 keV

E73 = 751.649 ± 0.107 MeV

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Proton missing mass distributions g p p h
Proton missing mass distributions gp→ph

Microscope

Microscope

g p→ph (h→2g)

g p→ph (h→3p0)

hits

hits

Missing mass / MeV

Missing mass / MeV

Main tagger

Main tagger

g p→ph (h→3p0)

g p→ph (h→2g)

hits

hits

Missing mass / MeV

Missing mass / MeV

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Photon beam position jan 2005
Photon beam position Jan 2005

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


The h mass beamtimes1
The h mass beamtimes

  • Two beamtimes for the h mass measurement:

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Mami energy measurements
MAMI energy measurements

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Result dependence on fit range1
Result dependence on fit range

η→2γ

η→3π0

Fit range:

0 to 75 μch

10 to 75 μch

20 to 75 μch

30 to 75 μch

40 to 75 μch

50 to 75 μch

60 to 75 μch

70 to 75 μch

Fit range:

0 to 76 μch

10 to 76 μch

20 to 76 μch

30 to 76 μch

40 to 76 μch

50 to 76 μch

60 to 76 μch

70 to 76 μch

  • 1. η→2γ: σ = 0.023 MeV (in mη)

  • 2. η→3π0:σ = 0.025 MeV (in mη)

  • Function fits the points very good!

0.1 MeV

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06


Result dependence on fit range2
Result dependence on fit range

η→2γ

η→3π0

Fit range:

0 to 75 μch

10 to 75 μch

20 to 75 μch

30 to 75 μch

40 to 75 μch

50 to 75 μch

60 to 75 μch

70 to 75 μch

Fit range:

0 to 75 μch

10 to 75 μch

20 to 75 μch

30 to 75 μch

40 to 75 μch

50 to 75 μch

60 to 75 μch

70 to 75 μch

  • 1. η→2γ: σ = 0.023 MeV (in mη)

  • 2. η→3π0:σ = 0.100 MeV (in mη)

  • Function fits the points good!

0.1 MeV

CB Meeting, Basel 10/5/06