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Why Geologic Storage Can Not Solve The High-Level Radioactive Waste Problem. by Dr. Gordon Edwards, President, CCNR, Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility www.ccnr.org ccnr@web.ca (514) 839 7214. IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL. HELLO ROBERT. ONE

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why geologic storage can not solve the high level radioactive waste problem

Why Geologic StorageCan Not Solve TheHigh-Level RadioactiveWaste Problem

by Dr. Gordon Edwards, President, CCNR,

Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility

www.ccnr.orgccnr@web.ca

(514) 839 7214

slide2

IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION

WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

ONE

REACTOR

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 2 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

Each dot represents one year’s production of nuclear waste

slide3

IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION

WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 4 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

slide4

IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION

WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 8 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

For the first 10 years, irradiated fuel is too hot to move.

It must be stored on site and cooled in pools with circulating water.

slide5

IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION

WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 16 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

The changing colour indicates reduced radioactivity & heat output.

slide6

IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION

WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 32 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

The older irradiated fuel can be moved into dry storage containers.

slide7

IRRADIATED NUCLEAR FUEL ACCUMULATION

WITHOUT GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 40 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

But having all this radioactive waste on the surface is a hazard.

We need to find an acceptable solution to eliminate the risk . . . .

slide8

AND NOW . . .

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

According to the nuclear industry and the Harper government

the solution is at hand: it is Deep Geologic Storage

slide9

AND NOW . . .

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 2 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

But for the first 10 years irradiated fuel is too hot.

It cannot be moved away from the reactor site.

slide10

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 4 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

So the most radioactive and hottest fuel cannot be moved.

slide11

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 8 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

As long as the reactor keeps operating, the problem remains.

slide12

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

AFTER 16 YEARS

HELLO ROBERT

Irradiated fuel continues to accumulate at the reactor site.

slide13

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

.

AFTER 16 YEARS

THIS PORTION IS BURIED -- HOORAY !

Only the older, less radioactive, less volatile wastes can be buried.

slide14

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

AFTER 32 YEARS

In fact, over 90 % of the total radioactive inventory is in the first

ten year’s worth of irradiated fuel. So less than 10 % is buried.

slide15

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

AFTER 40 YEARS

Conclusion: The Catastrophe Potential at the Surface Still Remains

(Unless the reactor is shut down for 10 years and all the waste is buried)

slide16

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

HELLO ROBERT

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

HELLO ROBERT

“TIME FOR A NUCLEAR RENAISSANCE ! MORE REACTORS, PLEASE !”

HELLO ROBERT

But the nuclear industry doesn’t want to shut reactors down.

It wants to build more. With 2 reactors, the problem is doubled.

slide17

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

HELLO ROBERT

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

.

.

.

.

HELLO ROBERT

WITH 4 REACTORS

With 4 reactors, the unburied radioactivity is more than 3.5 times

the radioactivity produced by one reactor without any burial at all!

slide18

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

.

.

.

..

.

.

WITH 6 REACTORS

slide19

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

.

.

.

..

.

.

.

.

.

WITH 8 REACTORS

slide20

WITH GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL

> 90 %

< 10 %

.

.

.

.

..

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

So: WE HAVE AN EVER- GROWING INVENTORY OF UNBURIED WASTE!

slide21

The Moral of the Story is:

Geologic StorageCAN NOT Solve TheHigh-Level RadioactiveWaste Problem . . .. . . unless there is a complete phaseout of nuclear power

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