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The Instructional Shifts. Outcomes. 21 st century skills ELA and Math instructional shifts Implications for instructional practice Personal commitments. 21 st Century Skills. Above and Beyond. 21 st Century Skills: The 4 C’s. COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS. Shift your thinking!!!.

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  • 21st century skills
  • ELA and Math instructional shifts
  • Implications for instructional practice
  • Personal commitments
21 st century skills
21st Century Skills

Above and Beyond

common core state standards

Shift your thinking!!!

“We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking that created them.”

CHAD 2013


3 Instructional Shifts in ELA/Literacy

  • Building knowledge through content-richnonfiction.
  • Reading, writing,and speaking grounded in evidence from text, both literary and informational.
  • Regular practice with complex text and its academic language.
ela instructional shift 1
ELA Instructional Shift #1

Content-Rich Nonfiction

  • 50/50 balance K-5
  • 55/45 in grades 6-8
  • 70/30 in grades9-12
ELA Shift #2:Reading, Writing,and Speaking Grounded in Evidence from Text, both Literary and Informational
ela instructional shift 2
What makes Casey’s experiences at bat humorous?

What can you infer from King’s letter about the letter that he received?

“The Gettysburg Address” mentions the year 1776. According to Lincoln’s speech, why is this year significant to the events described in the speech?

ELA Instructional Shift #2

Text-Dependent Questions

Not Text-Dependent


In “Casey at the Bat,” Casey strikes out. Describe a time when you failed at something.

In “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” Dr. King discusses nonviolent protest. Discuss, in writing, a time when you wanted to fight against something that you felt was unfair.

In “The Gettysburg Address” Lincoln says the nation is dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Why is equality an important value to promote?

low level text dependent question
Low-LevelTextDependent Question

From The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Have the students identify the different methods of removing warts that Tom and Huckleberry talk about. Discuss the charms that they say and the items (i.e. dead cats) they use. Ask students to devise their own charm to remove warts. Students could develop a method that would fit in the time of Tom Sawyer and a method that would incorporate items and words from current time. Boys played with dead cats and frogs, during Tom’s time. Are there cultural ideas or artifacts from the current time that could be used in the charm?

text dependent question common core standards
Text-Dependent Question: Common Core Standards

From The Adventures of Tom SawyerWhy does Tom hesitate to allow Ben to paint the fence? How does Twain construct his sentences to reflect that hesitation? What effect do Tom’s hesitations have on Ben?

processing the ela shifts
Processing the ELA Shifts
  • Read “Three Core Shifts… in ELA” (Handout 19)
  • Discuss perceived opportunities and challenges presented by each shift.
  • Chart opportunitiesand challenges.
  • Share out.
3 instructional shifts in math
3 Instructional Shifts in Math

Focus: Focus strongly where the Standards focus.

Coherence: Think across grades, and linkto major topics within grades.

Rigor: In major topics, pursue conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency,andapplication.


Math Shift #2: Coherence

Think Across Grades

Link to Major Topics Within Grades

coherence think across grades
Coherence: Think Across Grades

Missing piece alert!

math shift 3 rigor
Math Shift #3: Rigor

Requires equal intensity in



and Resources

processing the math shifts
Processing the Math Shifts
  • “Focus, Coherence and Rigor”
  • Jigsaw the document in small groups of 3.
  • Read and share out
Reflecting on the Shifts

Ordered Sharing Process:

Reflect on the question

Share responses to the left,

no comments, active listening

Engage in open discussion

What do these shifts mean for WHATI teach and HOWI teach in my classroom?


“Common Core State Standards are not intended to be new names for old ways of doing business.

They are a call to take the next step.”

Source: CCSS, 2010