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Cyborgs , Androids, and Beyond. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHiGbolFFGw. What is a Cyborg ?. History. Coined in 1960, Manfred Kline Donna Haraway : Definition from “A Cyborg Manifesto” (1985): cybernetic organism hybrid of machine and organism

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cyborgs androids and beyond

Cyborgs, Androids, and Beyond

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHiGbolFFGw

history
History
  • Coined in 1960, Manfred Kline
  • Donna Haraway: Definition from “A Cyborg Manifesto” (1985):
  • cyberneticorganism
  • hybrid of machine and organism
  • Creature of both fiction and lived social reality
why cyborgs
Why Cyborgs?
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urVXWUD8Q3Y
but what about androids
But, what about…Androids?
  • “An android is a robot[1] or synthetic organism[2] designed to look and act like a human. Until recently, androids have largely remained within the domain of science fiction, frequently seen in film and television” (wikipedia)
  • Technically, there is a distinction between robots, androids, and cyborgs:
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=06zz9kHNv1g&feature=channel
ubiquitous or pervasive computing
Ubiquitous or Pervasive Computing
  • Computing, info processing is embedded in ordinary, daily activities
  • Term was coined around 1988, though philosophers have talked about this for years
  • Also referred to as ambient intelligence or “smart devices”
  • Examples:
    • Cell phones
    • Ipods
    • GPS
    • RFID
grid technologies
Grid Technologies
  • UK is big on grid-enabled technologies and research:
  • “Grid computing is about large scale distributed computation, large scale data and large scale collaborations - applied to solving large scale problems. It is the enabling infrastructure for exciting new developments across various subject domains including science, engineering and medicine. Grid computing enables us to tackle problems by bringing together distributed resources, to be used cooperatively to solve problems which may require an enormous amount of computing power.” (U of Southhampton)
  • Examples:
    • Linking smart spaces
    • Integration of physical and virtual spaces
    • http://beliefproject.org/ (e-infrastructures)