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Warming Up. Think about the things you do to help other people. Interview your partner about this. What do you do to help … your parents? your other relatives? your friends? your teachers? people in your community? people outside your community?. Prepare supper. Clean the floor.

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Warming Up

Think about the things you do to help other people. Interview your partner about this.

What do you do to help …
  • your parents?
  • your other relatives?
  • your friends?
  • your teachers?
  • people in your community?
  • people outside your community?
Prepare supper

Clean the floor

Wash dishes

Lend my books and CDs to them

Take care of my cousin while his parents are away

Comfort them when they are sad

Repair their computers

Help them with the lessons

Accompany them to do shopping

Be a coach of the football lovers

Help my neighbours carry things home

Sing and dance for the old

Help people with disabilities

Return the wallet to the owner

Plant trees

what is a volunteer
What is a volunteer?

fight against the flood and rescue the old and the sick

Lily often helps her mother do some housework;

Jim sometimes lends his books to his relatives;

Mary always helps her friends with the lessons.

Do you think they are volunteers?


What does the word “volunteer” mean? Any examples?

People who help others in their community or outside their community would be called volunteers. However , they would not be called volunteers if they help their parents, other relatives or friends.


Norman Bethune




Have you ever worked as a volunteer?

Why should people volunteer?

  • an exchange of culture
  • social contact
  • learn new skills and language
  • develop and gain practical experience
  • develop leadership and teamwork skills
discuss the following in groups
Discuss the following in groups:
  • What voluntary work have you done? If not, what will you volunteer to do in the future?
  • Which countries do you think need help most? Why?
  • In which country do you want to do voluntary work? In China or abroad? Why?
what do you know about papua new guinea
What do you know about Papua New Guinea?

There are many volunteers working in different mountainous areas or developing countries, among which Papua New Guinea(PNG) is one.

Independent State of Papua New Guinea






巴布亚新几内亚国旗和国徽(极乐鸟 )

situated to the north of Australia

about 5.7 million

English as the official language. Pidgin English as the language for communication

a poor country with most people living in tribal villages and depending on subsistence farming to make a living

About 85% of children start school but only about 60% of these reach Year 5


Look at the photos and answer the questions.

A teacher in PNG.

1. What was Jo’s job in PNG?

2. What kind of students were in her class?

3. What were the classrooms like?

Boys who were as young as we are.

The classrooms are very poor, made of bamboo and grass.

The village was a place full of natural beauties. There were more trees and bamboos.

4. What can you say about the village?

5. What can you say about life in the village?

People in the village lived a simple life.


A Letter Home

Complete the sentences with the characters mentioned in the letter:

Task 1


1. ______ is a young Australian woman.

2. __________ was dying to hear all about Jo’s life in Papua New Guinea.

3. _________ walked a long way to get to the school .

4. ________________ didn’t have any textbooks.

5. ________became a lot more imaginative when teaching.


The boys

The boys and Jo


The boys

6. ________ started jumping out of the windows during a chemistry experiment.

7. ____________ visited a village that was the home of one of the boys, Tombe.

8. _________ started crying “ieee ieee” to welcome them.

9. ________ led us to a low bamboo hut.

10. _________ was going to share the platform with Jenny and Jo.

11. ______________ softly talked to each other in their language Jo didn’t understand.

Jenny and Jo




Tombe’s family

Scanning and answer the following questions:

Task 2

1. What is the passage mainly about?

2. Why does Jo call the high school a “bush school”?

3. How long does it take the students to go to school?

Jo’s teaching life in PNG.

Because it is made of bamboo and grass.

Up to two hours.

4.Why was Science the most challenging subject for Jo?

5.Were the boys and villagers friendly to Jo?

There was no equipment.

Yes. 1) There are lots of “good mornings” for Jo from the boys.

2) When Jo and Jenny arrived at the village, Tombe’s mother started crying” ieee ieee”. Jo and Jenny shook hands with all the villagers.

6.Why did the boys start jumping out of the windows?

7.Why should it take Jo and Jenny two and half hours to get to the village?

8. What’s the characteristics of a man’s house in Tombe’s village?

The boys never came across anything like the bubbling mixture.

They had to climb up a mountain to a ridge first and then down a steep slope to the valley below.

The grass sticks out of the roof. There were no windows and the doorway was just big enough to get through.

9.Why does Jo wonder how relevant chemistry is to the kids?
  • Because she thinks chemistry is too difficult to learn.
  • Because she thinks chemistry may make little difference to the kids’ life.
  • Because the kids there hardly come across anything of chemistry.
  • Because she thinks chemistry useless.
10.We can infer that people in the village are______.
  • active and enthusiastic
  • quiet and cold
  • shy and superstitious(迷信)
  • kind and friendly
Task 3

Read the passage carefully to complete the tables below!

Table 1



Go to college or work

Return to the villages







low bamboo hut

Men’s hut is a ______________ with _____________________. No _______, small __________. Floor was covered with ___________.

grass sticking out of the roof



fresh grass

Everyone seemed to be a ________ of Tombe’s. (large extended family)


Hot stones

__________ are placed in an ________, then ___________ are placed in the drum, covered with _____________ and ________.

oil drum



banana leaves

own hut

Kiak usually slept in her __________. A newly made _________ for Jenny and me to sleep on.


sweet potato

___________, _____ and ______.



tin plates

I could only see a few __________ and _____ and a couple of ______.



Tools are very basic. There is no ___________.


The villagers believe that any ________ attract _________ in the night so the food is ________ in the can and the can is then ___________ of the hut.


evil spirits

dried up

thrown out

task 4
Task 4

Guess the reasons for the facts according to the reading passage.

Because they were frightened; they had never seen anything like this before.

Because most of them would live all their lives as farmers.

It was her way to welcome visitors to the village and she drew everyone’s attention to their arrival.

Because it was a man’s house.

The tin can was used to dry out the leftover food, which might attract evil spirits, so the tin can was thrown out of the hut.


What do you think are the positive and negative things about living in a village in Papua New Guinea. Give your reasons. The first one is done for you.

2.The village might be cut off from the outside world and might not have roads to and from it.

2.Everyone would know each other.

3.The village does not have to rely on outside sources for food.

3.the village might not have a school so students might have to walk a long way to the closest school.

4.People can live without many possessions.

4.There might not be any medical services close by.


Now we have two topics to discuss:

1. Why do you think Jo become a volunteer in PNG? Give as many possible reasons as you can.

2. Would you like to work as a volunteer in a poor area? Give reasons.

a sample of the discussions
A sample of the discussions:

A: I think, first of all, Jo was a kind-hearted woman, who is willing to help others. Second, she knew enough about the poor conditions in PNG and thought that she could help teach in the schools. If I am given the chance, I will do whatever I can to help.

B: In my opinion, Jo must have worked as a teacher in Australia, and she applied to

become a volunteer abroad, and then she was sent to PNG as a volunteer.

C: Maybe she thinks that education is the key to solving all the problems in PNG, so she, as a teacher, goes to PNG to help.

D: Perhaps she likes traveling abroad, helping the poor wherever she goes.

E: I don’t agree with you. You know, she stayed there for two years. A traveler once did that.She was willing to help the poor

children in PNG to be educated. She was doing her bit to change the poor’s state of living and education. If everyone in the rich countries should do like her, all the problems stemming from poverty could be solved easily.

F: I would like to say something about the second topic. I think I will be a volunteer in a poor area. Whenever I

do you bit 干分内的事

saw the poor living state of the poor in the western areas and mountainous areas, I was eager to do something for them. All are created equal. But they can’t get what we can enjoy. What a pity! If possible, I will try to help.
首 都 :莫尔兹比港 Port Moresby
  • 面 积 :46.2万平方公里
  • 人 口: 430万人 语 言 :英语
  •  民 族 :美拉尼西亚族
  • 宗 教 :基督教新教、拜物教
  •  货 币 :基那   国庆节: 9月16日
  •  时 差 :比北京时间早2小时
  •  气 候 :热带雨林气候