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GMOs (2 sources) Pesticides, Herbicides, Fungicides Heavily p rocessed foods Foods with no nutritional value. Safety and awareness in FOOD and AGRICULTURE. GMO - Genetically modified organism. GEO – Genetically Engineered Organism GM – Genetically Modified.

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safety and awareness in food and agriculture

GMOs (2 sources)

  • Pesticides, Herbicides, Fungicides
  • Heavily processed foods
  • Foods with no nutritional value

Safety and awareness in FOOD and AGRICULTURE

gmo genetically modified organism
GMO - Genetically modified organism

GEO – Genetically Engineered Organism

GM – Genetically Modified

  • A GMO is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. These techniques, generally known as recombinant DNA technology, use DNA molecules from different sources*, which are combined into one molecule to create a new set of genes.
  • This DNA is then transferred into an organism**, giving it modified genes. Transgenic organisms, a subset of GMOs, are organisms which have inserted DNA that originated in a different species.

* Sources such as bacteria, viruses, pesticides, chemicals and radiation

** Organisms such as the DNA for seeds for plants such as soybean, corn, canola and cottonseed oil

why are they dangerous

GM foods have not been shown to be safe to eat

  • GM is an imprecise way of incorporating foreign material into crops
  • The resulting foods have undergone little or no testing
  • Animal tests have shown worrying health effects
  • It has shown positive effects for cancer in the long run
    • (especially cancer of the stomach)
  • Currently these foods are unlabeled in the US and on the market
  • GM crops are a long term economic disaster for farmers
  • GM crops contaminate and destroy natural and conventional crops
  • GM crops are causing new and stronger allergic reactions
  • Impact on the environment in unknown
Why are they dangerous?
products that are gmos source 1
Products that are Gmos ( SOURCE 1)

Current estimates of GMO products include the following:

91% of soybeans grown in the United States are GMOs.

88% of cotton is genetically modified.

75% of corn has been genetically modified.

These items are often highly processed and added to many different convenience foods in forms like:

Cottonseed oil

Soybean oil

Soy protein

High fructose corn syrup

Corn oil

Canola (rapeseed) oil

more gmo source 2
MORE GMO (SOURCE 2)

Animal Products

GMOs are used in the feed of various animals and farm raised fish. Always try to choose grass fed or wild caught meat products, certified organic, or products that are labeled non-GMO.

Meat Dairy Fish Eggs

High Risk Products

There are thousands of GMO ingredients. This should be considered a HIGH RISK abbreviated list.

Soy meal

Lecithin

Isoflavone

Tofu

Soy protein isolate

Vegetable oil

Cottonseed oil

Canola oil

Aspartame

Vitamin E

Xanthan gum

Tempeh

Tofu

Vitamin B-12

Baking powder

MSG

Corn syrup

Corn starch

Corn oil

Cornmeal

Fructose

Dextrose

Glucose

partial list of gmo food products
Partial List of GMO Food Products

Condiments

Drinks

Protein Powder

Baking Powder

Alcohol

Vanilla

Peanut Butter

Pasta

Enriched Flour

Powdered Sugar

Children’s snacks

Cereals

Cake and Baking Mixes

Frozen pie and pastry shells

Soy Burgers

Meat Substitutes

Aspartame

Ice Cream

Frozen Yogurt

Tamari

Soy Sauce

Soy Cheese

Soy Nuts and Products

Processed Cheese

Pasteurized Cheese

Tomato Sauce

Marinades

Barbeque Sauce

Soups

Canned Stews

Sauces

Dried and Dehydrated

Soups/Sauces

Salad Dressings

Infant Formula

Bread, Rolls, Pastry

Baby Cereal

Canned rolls and breads

Hamburgers and Hotdogs

Margarine

Processed Meats

Mayonnaise

Crackers

Chocolate

Cookies

Candy

Fried Foods

Frozen Foods

Chips

Tofu

Veggie Burgers

gmo seeds are spreading
GMO seeds are spreading

Over

30 countries have banned GMOs

Solid: The five countries producing more than 95% of commercialized GMO

Dashed: Other countries producing commercialized GMO

pesticides herbicides fungicides
Pesticides, Herbicides & Fungicides

A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances intended for:

preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest.

Though often misunderstood to refer only to insecticides, the term pesticide also applies to herbicides, fungicides, and various other substances used to control pests.

Pesticides…on our food, even after washing;…in our bodies, for years;…& in our environment, traveling many miles on wind, water and dust.

pesticides herbicides fungicides1
Pesticides, Herbicides & Fungicides

(PAN) Pesticide Action Network

PAN works to loosen the pesticide industry’s control over global agriculture by holding accountable governmental bodies that are charged with regulating pesticides. They have been in business for over 27 years, across six continents–and are working to reform our food industry.

Pesticides were introduced into farming 70 years ago, along with petrochemicals-derived fertilizers, which set U.S. farming down a costly and unsustainable path. Along the way, community-scale farming was nearly destroyed, generations have suffered ill health ranging from cancer to autism and Parkinson’s, biodiversity has taken big hits, and the six mega-corporations who dominate the pesticide industry have gotten very rich and very powerful.

www.whatsonmyfood.org

a few facts about pesticides
A few Facts about pesticides
  • Pesticide regulations in the U.S. are well behind much of the rest of the industrialized world. This is mostly because agrichemical corporations like Monsanto have too much influence in Washington
  • The human health impacts linked to pesticide exposure range from birth defects and childhood brain cancer to Parkinson's’ Disease in the elderly.
  • Autism Breast Cancer Children’s Diseases Diabetes Parkinson’s Disease
  • Farm workers in particular remain the least protected class of workers in the U.S. Poisoning incidents among farm workers are vastly underreported – yet in California alone, hundreds of cases of pesticide poisoning are documented every year.
  • Occupational exposure to pesticides in acute cases range from dizziness and nausea to death; chronic exposures are linked to the same array of diseases listed above plus a few more listed below.
  • Acute poisonings Allergic asthma in farm workers Childhood leukemia
  • Organophosphates Parkinson’s Disease
pan testing and facts
Pan testing and facts

www.whatsonmyfood.org

  • 6 suspected hormone disrupters were found on cranberries. These chemicals are linked to cancers, obesity and developmental disorders.
  • Atrazine, a pesticide, is found in 94% of US drinking water. Banned in Europe, Atrazine disrupts hormone systems.
  • An average american child gets 5+ servings of pesticide residues in their food and water daily.
  • 888 million pounds of pesticides are applied each year in the US. That is approximately 3 lbs per person.
  • 14 different pesticides were detected in one strawberry sample. 697 of 741 tested positive for residues.
  • Attention Deficit Disorder in children are linked with Pesticides on Food says a new study out of Harvard. Results showed that even tiny, allowable amounts of a common pesticide class can have dramatic results on brain chemistry.
heavily processed foods no nutritional value
Heavily processed foods = No nutritional value

Fast Food

If it's boxed, bagged, canned or jarred and has a list of ingredients on the label, it's processed.

Methods used to process foods include:

Canning

Freezing

Refrigeration

Dehydration

Aseptic Processing

(flash heating process)

Drying

Roasting

Hot/Cold Smoking

Breading

diseases linked to heavily processed foods
Diseases linked to heavily processed foods
  • CANCER - Some synthetic chemicals used in the processed foods industry are known to have carcinogenic properties.
  • In fact, a seven-year study conducted by the University of Hawaii of almost 200,000 people found that those who ate the most processed meats (hot dogs, bologna) had a 67 percent higher risk of pancreatic cancer than those who ate little or no meat products.
  • OBESITY - Heavily processed foods are usually higher in sugar, fat and salt, and lower in nutrients and fiber than the raw foods used to create them, making them the perfect choice if you're interested in unhealthy weight gain and water retention.
  • According to the World Health Organization, processed foods are to blame for the spike in obesity levels and chronic disease around the world.
  • HEART DISEASE - Many processed foods have trans fatty acids (TFA), the dangerous type of fat you don't want in your diet. TFA's give a rise to LDL, the dangerous cholesterol, and decrease HDL, the good one.
heavily processed foods
Heavily processed foods
  • FAST FOOD
  • canned foods with lots of sodium
  • white breads and pastas made with refined white flour, which are not as healthy as those made with whole grains
  • packaged high-calorie snack foods, like chips and cheese snacks
  • high-fat convenience foods, like cans of ravioli
  • frozen fish sticks and frozen dinners
  • packaged cakes and cookies
  • boxed meal mixes
  • sugary breakfast cereals
  • processed meats such as sausages, hot dogs, ham and bolgna
my project
My project
  • A series of stickers promoting my social issue of:
  • Safety and Awareness in Food and Agriculture
  • 2 stickers for GMOs
    • GMOs in plant/products
    • GMOs from animal products
  • Sticker for Pesticides
  • Sticker for highly processed foods rendering no nutritional value
design choices
Design choices:
  • Pictograms were used for the simplicity in showing actions and processes – instead of a lot of text.
  • Also to lessen the seriousness of the issue and gain attention to the images telling the story. This was chosen instead of using traditional warning, caution, and skull and cross bone imagery.
  • Black and red colors were used because black usually has the connotation of being “negative”, can be associated with “death” and “power” and “authority.” Red often being associated with “ danger”, “power” and is the color of “stop signs and stop lights”- indicating- “STOP- pay attention.”
  • Stickers were chosen so they could be used and shown in action. This was an activist social issue.
why did i choose this issue
Why did I choose this issue?

Because its FOOD! We eat it all day long, everyday, it’s one of our basic human needs.

We should have the right to know what is in our food, if it will harm us or cause problems in the future. W each should have the knowledge of what we eat and the choices as to what we eat.

All foods should be labeled as to:

  • Country of Origin
  • Nutritional Facts
  • Where it was manufactured
  • How it was manufactured
  • If anything unnatural was used on it
  • Does it contain GMOs
  • If imported, how long did it sit before I consume it
slide25

Kathy Adams

Graphic Design Studio

Fall 2010

Jiwon Lee