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Sustainability Overview Laura McCann, on behalf of Alison Goss Eng. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Biomass Program February 23, 2010. A Sustainable Biofuels Industry. Social Promote social goals, rural development, and workforce training; Reduce oil imports. Equitable. Habitable.

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sustainability overview laura mccann on behalf of alison goss eng
Sustainability OverviewLaura McCann, on behalf of Alison Goss Eng

U.S. Department of Energy

Office of Biomass Program

February 23, 2010

a sustainable biofuels industry
A Sustainable Biofuels Industry

Social

Promote social goals,

rural development, and

workforce training;

Reduce oil imports

Equitable

Habitable

SUSTAINABLE

Economic

Lower costs and

enhance economic

opportunities for all

stakeholders along the

supply chain; improve

fuel properties

Environmental

Reduce negative

environmental

impacts and promote

benefits (greenhouse

gases, biodiversity,

fertilizer runoff, land

use change)

Feasible

our commitment to sustainability
Our Commitment to Sustainability

The U.S. DOE Biomass Program is committed to developing the resources, technologies, and systems needed for biofuels to grow in a way that enhances the health of our environment and protects our planet. To that end, we are working to…

  • Develop diverse, non-food feedstocks thatrequire little water, fertilizer, or new land
  • Foster sustainable forestry practices
  • Harvest biomass components selectively,leaving adequate soil nutrients
  • Assess life-cycle impacts of major scale-up in biofuels production, from feedstocksto vehicles, addressing:
    • land use and soil health
    • water use
    • air quality issues
    • impacts on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
emphasis on sustainability
Emphasis on Sustainability

Sustainability Program Purpose:To understand and address the potential environmental impacts of biofuels production activities—encouraging the benefits while mitigating any concerns

Water

International Efforts

Land Use

Feedstocks

  • Through a partnership with Sun Grant Initiative, use field trials to collect data on sustainability
  • Work with Council for Sustainable Biomass Production to develop criteria
  • Quantify future land use impacts for various scenarios using Purdue’s GTAP, ANL’s GREET models
  • Incorporate land use data and yield assumptions
  • Conduct LCA of water use in production
  • Analyze regional variations due to climate & soil
  • Evaluate mitigation potential of bioenergy crops
  • Work with Conservation International to identify land and preserve best production locations
  • Provide data and analysis to Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels, Global Bioenergy Partnership, others
  • Contribute to International Biofuels Forum
  • Leveraging--Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center
  • Biogeochemical, biodiversity, and socioeconomic responses to expansion and intensification of agriculture and silvicultural practices
  • Spatially explicit land use change forecast on crop area changes
  • Climate Change
  • GREET Model development
  • EISA Lifecycle Analysis – Monitoring and improving carbon footprint of bioenergy

4

regional feedstock partnership sustainability trials

Univ of MN/ARS

Rochester, MN

SD State Univ

Bristol, SD

IA State Univ/ARS

Ames, IA

Univ of IL

Champaign, IL

TX A&M Univ

College Station, TX

CRP

Energycane

Switchgrass

Miscanthus

Sorghum

Corn Stover

Regional Feedstock Partnership Sustainability Trials
  • 5 sites were selected for additional sustainability measurements and additional funding was provided
  • 3 additional USDA ARS GRACEnet sites are collaborating (Morris, MN; Mead, NE; and University Park, PA)
  • Sustainability data being collected includes:
    • Soil Carbon (all stover sites)
      • Sequestration potential
      • Impact on productive capacity
    • Hydrology and Water Quality
      • Field scale implementation
      • Nutrient transport
      • Water holding capacity
    • Direct Green House Gas Emissions
      • N2O flux
      • CO2 flux