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Long-Term Disaster Recovery Top 10 Action Items. Association of Bay Area Governments April 2010. What is Long-Term Recovery?. Process of restoring a community to a stable and functional state Process begins immediately after a disaster and can continue for years.

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long term disaster recovery top 10 action items

Long-Term Disaster RecoveryTop 10 Action Items

Association of Bay Area Governments

April 2010

what is long term recovery
What is Long-Term Recovery?

Process of restoring a community to a stable and functional state

Process begins immediately after a disaster and can continue for years.

Recovery requires coordination across ALL government departments (not just OES).

regional long term disaster recovery goals
Regional Long-Term Disaster Recovery Goals

Decrease recovery time to 3-5 years

Minimize displacement of residents and businesses

Speed economic recovery

Improve community resiliency and sustainability

Minimize community disruption

Serve vulnerable populations

purpose of this presentation
Purpose of This Presentation
  • We surveyed cities and counties in 2008 to understand the level of recovery planning that has already taken place in the region
  • In the 90 responses we found a wide variety between jurisdictions and within a jurisdiction by type of activity
  • This presentation outlines 10 key actions that can be taken today to speed recovery of jurisdictions and the region
post disaster financial provisions
Post-DisasterFinancial Provisions

1. Ensure that the purchasing and contract portion of the Municipal Code allows for emergency purchases.

  • Simple way to allow the city manager to quickly address urgent issues through access to funds and launch the recovery process quickly
  • 49% can make emergency purchases over $100k

2. Designate a department to oversee FEMA reimbursement process.

  • 91% of jurisdictions have done this
continuity of government services
3. Establish back up procedures to pay employees and vendors if normal finance operations are disrupted (60% have done)

4. Have reliable backups of electronic files that are accessible from alternate sites (73% do this)

5. Plan for relocation of city-owned facilities and employees (44% have done this)

Continuityof Government Services
  • Prioritize reconstruction and repair of city-owned facilities
repair and reconstruction
Repairand Reconstruction

6. Adopt a repair and reconstruction ordinance that:

    • IS NOT a disaster-time ordinance.
    • Applies to both public & private buildings
    • Must be actually used pre-event (showing enforcement of this type of provisions
  • Maximize the money you can receive from FEMA to repair damaged local government buildings. Otherwise, FEMA will only pay to restore building to condition it was in before the earthquake.
  • Sample ordinance available from ABAG
  • Only18%have adopted a repair and reconstruction ordinance
document pre existing conditions
Document Pre-ExistingConditions

7. Keep clear records of condition for ALL your facilities.

  • Required for FEMA reimbursement
  • Develop a process for regularly updating this information every 2-5 years
  • Tips
    • Compile existing documentation and inventories into a single database
    • Prioritize facilities that are most vulnerable and valuable
    • Store the data out of the hazard zone!
    • Start the process by doing a camcorder walk-through of high priority facilities
  • Only 36% of jurisdictions have done this
incentives for retrofitting consistent retrofit standards for single family homes plan set a
8a. Ensure retrofits are done properly and consistently

Standards simplify permitting and reduces costs

For homes with “cripple” walls less than 4 ft tall

(the wood outside walls of crawl

spaces or basements)

Download plan set and sample

ordinance at quake.abag.ca.gov

“making your home safer”

Incentives for Retrofitting: Consistent Retrofit Standards for Single-Family Homes (PlanSet A)
incentives for retrofitting financial
Incentives for Retrofitting: Financial

8b. Offer partial grants or low interest loans for home retrofits

  • Only 12% of homeowners are insured for earthquake losses and deductibles are high; so only about 5% of losses will be covered by insurance
  • See quake.abag.ca.gov “housing losses”
  • Only 14% of jurisdictions are doing this
soft story housing
9. Retrofit soft-story buildings

These are multi-family buildings with open parking or commercial on the first floor

Over half of housing losses in the Bay Area will be in soft story buildings

quake.abag.ca.gov “housing losses”

Incentive ideas

Retrofit standards

Summary of local actions

Several cities have inventories. Some have passed ordinances requiring owners to act.

Soft-Story Housing
  • San Francisco
  • Oakland
  • Berkeley
  • Alameda
  • Santa Clara Co.
  • Sebastopol
  • Fremont
  • San Leandro
downtowns and jobs
10. Mandate the retrofit of ALL unreinforced masonry buildings in key downtown areas

Ensures safety of occupants and pedestrians

Preserves the character of older downtowns

Include small and large business owners, banks, and business leaders from the beginning

Downtowns and Jobs

40% have completed retrofits of all unreinforced masonry buildings

communicate your efforts to the community
Communicate Your Efforts to theCommunity
  • Prepare a public information campaign
  • The community wants to know that their government is preparing for a speedy recovery after a disaster
  • Businesses that have confidence in a community’s ability to recover are more likely to continue to invest in that community after a disaster
Make long-term recovery a high priority in your jurisdiction!

For a complete list of recommended recovery strategies, visit