The Sulfur Cycle. Aslan Smith James Littrell Olivia Stephens Kristina Pesce. WHAT is sulfur?. Atomic number: 16. Symbol: S Native form: is a yellow crystalline (crystal like) solid. In nature: it can be found as the pure element, and as sulfide and sulfate minerals.
Atomic number: 16.
Native form: is a yellow crystalline (crystal like) solid.
In nature: it can be found as the pure element, and as sulfide and sulfate minerals.
commercial uses: fertilizers, gunpowder, matches, insecticides, fungicides, vitamins, proteins and hormones.
It is critical in the environment, climate and the health of ecosystems.
Random facts: it can also be referred to as brimstone.
it’s the tenth most abundant element in the universe
Mineralization of organic sulfur to the inorganic form hydrogen sulfide (H2S).
Oxidation of sulfide and elemental sulfur (S) and related compounds to sulfate (SO4).
Reduction of sulfate to sulfide
Microbial immobilization of the sulfur compounds and subsequent incorporation into the organic form of sulfur!
Weathering of rocks release stored sulfur
Sulfur comes into contact with air and is converted into sulfate (SO4) ions
The sulfate is taken up by plants and microorganisms, converted into organic forms
Animals consume organic molecules containing sulfur, sulfur moves through the food chain
The death and decomposition of organisms release sulfur once again in sulfate form and some of it becomes part of the biomass of microorganisms.
Volcanic eruptions, breakdown of organic matter in swamps and tidal flats, and the evaporation of water, especially seawater, release sulfur directly into the atmosphere
Sulfur eventually settles to earth or comes down with rainfall
In oceans, sulfur moves through the various marine food webs
Some sulfur is lost in the ocean by being incorporated into ferrous sulfide and settling to the seafloor
The burning of fossil fuels and processing of metals releases huge quantities of sulfur into the atmosphere
Human activities are responsible for one-third of all sulfur emissions and 90% of all sulfur dioxide emissions
Sulfur dioxide emissions lead to acid rain as sulfur dioxide reacts with water to form H2SO4 and sulfur trioxide reacts with water to form H2SO4
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