Ideologies of the Cold War. Unit 8. Allied leaders FDR, Churchill and Stalin met in February 1945 at the Yalta Conference.
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Allied leaders FDR, Churchill and Stalin met in February 1945 at the Yalta Conference.
The United States, Britain, Russia and China met in 1944 and created an international organization called the United Nations.
At the Potsdam Conference, the Allied leaders agreed that “stern justice shall be given out to all war criminals….”
By 1946 more than 9 million men and women had been discharged from the army.
(Jarrett, Zimmer, & Killoran, 2012)
American leaders respond to Soviet domination with a Containment Policy – not attempting to overturn Communism where it already exists but prevent it from spreading
In 1946 a civil war broke out in Greece and Communist-led rebels threatened to overthrow the Democratic government.
After WWII, European economies were in shambles and horrible blizzards worsened an already difficult situation.
Leading up to the election of 1948, President Truman had begun to take steps to end racism in the US.
WRONG! The newspaper incorrectly reported Dewey as the winner! Truman upset Dewey in the election.
In 1949 nine Western European nations joined the US, Canada and Iceland to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
Since the 1920’s, China had two main political parties the Chinese Communists and the Nationalist Party.
In 1947 the United States established the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) to gather strategic military and political info.
Edward R. Murrow was a hero. When this nation was drowning in cowardice and demagoguery, it was Murrow who hurled the spear at the terror. The spear was his See It Now television broadcast on Senator Joe McCarthy.
Following the Success of the nuclear attacks, America became suspicious of how the Soviet Union received information about the technology
After WWII, the United States began work on the hydrogen bomb or H-bomb which was 1,000 times more powerful than the A-bomb the competition between the Soviets and Americans to develop more powerful Nuclear weapons became known as the “Arms-Race”
Common items in the shelter were: water, canned food, radio w/ batteries, medical supplies. An air filtration system was used to prevent nuclear radiation (fallout) from entering. Occupants were to be prepared to stay underground for weeks.
Children were taught to duck-and-cover in case of a nuclear attack!
After WWII, the United States began work on the hydrogen bomb or H-bomb which was 1,000 times more powerful than the A-bomb.
In 1952 Dwight Eisenhower became President and a new era began in the United States.
Note: You had to actually go to the TV and turn a knob to change the channel.
Elvis ‘The King’ Presley became the leading talent in a new kind of music called rock-n-roll.
The landmark teen film that solidified Dean's image with the public follows the story of rebellious middle-class teens, disenfranchised with their parents, and given to a life of thuggery and deadly dangerous drag racing to win over women.Rebels
The election of 1960 pitted Eisenhower's VP, Richard Milhouse Nixon against the Democrat, JFK (John Fitzgerald Kennedy)
Campaign Buttons are excellent collectors items and some are very valuable.
In 1959, Fidel Castro led a revolution in Cuba and set up a Communist government. Castro had very close ties to the Soviet Union.
The Bay of Pigs caused Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev to question JFK’s toughness.
The Soviet Union erected the Berlin Wall (in Germany) and also began sending long range missiles to Cuba.
Kennedy responded aggressively by sending troops to Berlin and blockading Cuba from the Soviets.
For several days the US and the Soviets were on the brink of nuclear war, Cuba armed nuclear missiles and Soviet ship moved toward Cuba, but Khrushchev backed down and agreed to dismantle Cuban missiles.
John F. Kennedy was an extremely popular President. His good looks and athleticism presented an image of youth and vitality.
As part of his 1964 Presidential campaign, Kennedy traveled to Dallas, Texas.
President Kennedy wanted to beat the Soviets to the moon, but did not live to see the event.