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The Protestant Reformation. Original source: Susan M. Pojer. Writing Prompt.

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The protestant reformation


Original source: Susan M. Pojer

Writing prompt
Writing Prompt

After reading a number of historical resources, write an essay that examines the causes of and explains the effects of the Reformation. What conclusions or implications can you draw? What ramifications did the Reformation have on society? Support your answers with evidence from the texts.

Vocabulary activity
Vocabulary activity:

  • Students will take an index card (or paper) and using their vocabulary terms, they will put the definition in their own words, put an example, draw a picture/sketch of the term and use the term in a sentence.

The protestant reformation

Causes of the Reformation?

  • Social causes

    • Humanism and secularism  ? the Church

    • Printing Press

  • Political causes

    • Monarchs challenge the church’s power

    • Pope was a foreign leader and could be challenged

  • Economic

    • Jealous of the Church's wealth

    • Merchants and nobles resent paying taxes to the Church

  • Religious

    • Church practices unacceptable sale of indulgences

    • Some church leaders had become secular and corrupt

The protestant reformation

The Holy Roman Empire in the 16c

“Why theGermanies?”

Early calls for reform
Early calls for Reform

Desiderius Erasmus


  • Christian Humanist

  • Catholic priest

  • Criticized the Church but believed in reformation from with in the Church

Martin luther
Martin Luther

  • 1486-1546

  • Catholic Monk

  • Disliked the selling of indulgences

  • Wrote the 95 Theses and nailed them to a door of a Church in Wittenberg Germany

  • Began the Reformation

Luther s teachings
Luther’s teachings

  • People can win salvation only by faith in God’s forgiveness

  • All church teachings should be based on the Bible

    • Pope and church traditions were false

  • All people with faith were equal.

    • Do not need priests to interpret the Bible for them.

The pope vs luther
The Pope vs. Luther

  • Renunciation or excommunication

  • Holy Roman Emperor and the Edict of Worms

  • Lutherans are formed

The protestant reformation

The Spread of Lutheranism

The protestant reformation

The Peasant Revolt - 1525

  • Luther is horrified that peasants use his ideas to revolt

  • German princes kill 10,000 people putting down the revolt

  • German princes are divided on Luther’s ideas

  • Those princes who support Luther, join together and become known as Protestants.

  • Peace of Augsburg

England becomes protestant
England becomes Protestant

  • Henry VIII wants an heir

    • Annulment denied

    • Reformation parliament

  • Act of Supremacy

  • Religious turmoil

    • Edward VI

    • Mary I (Bloody Mary)

    • Elizabeth I

      • 1559

      • Church of England or Anglican Church

Reformation continues
Reformation Continues

  • Huldrych Zwingli

    • Zurich, Switzerland

    • Influenced by Erasmus and Luther

    • Return to Early Christian teachings

  • John Calvin

    • Influenced by Luther

    • Predestination

    • Calvinism

    • Theocracy

Reformation continues1
Reformation Continues

  • John Knox

    • Scottish Preacher

    • Calvinist follower

    • Presbyterian

  • Huguenots

    • French followers of Calvinism

    • St. Bartholomew’s Day

    • Edict of Nantes

  • Anabaptists

    • Baptized people when they were old enough to decide to be Christians

    • Separate church and state

    • Pacifists

    • Share possessions

Catholic reformation
Catholic Reformation

Aka Counter Reformation

Main reformers: Ignatius of Loyola and Popes Paul III & Paul IV

  • Ignatius of Loyola

    • Society of Jesus

      • Jesuits

        • Founded schools

        • Convert non-believers

        • Stop the spread of Protestantism

Reforming popes
Reforming Popes

  • Pope Paul III

    • 1534-1549

    • Investigates sale of indulgences

    • Approved Jesuit order

    • Inquisition

    • Council of Trent

      • Church interprets Bible

      • Need faith and good works

      • Bible and church were authorities

      • Indulgences were valid

  • Pope Paul IV

    • Carried out the Council of Trent decrees

    • Index of Forbidden books

Writing prompt1
Writing Prompt

  • Describe the lasting impact of the reformation and the Counter Reformation.

Map activity
Map activity

  • Using the blank map of Europe, please create a map of religion in Europe in the 16th century.

  • You will need to create a key.

  • You will need to show the following faiths:

    • Roman Catholic

    • Lutheran

    • Anglican

    • Calvinist

    • Hugenots

    • Islam

    • Eastern Orthodox

    • Anabaptist

    • Presbyterian