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Prosthetic Options in Implant Dentistry chapter 5. Presented by:Dr.Samaneh Abbasi Supervised by: Dr. Mansour Rismanchian And Dr.saied Nosouhian Dental of implantology Dental implants research center Isfahan university of mediacal science.

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prosthetic options in implant dentistry chapter 5

Prosthetic Options in Implant Dentistrychapter 5

Presented by:Dr.SamanehAbbasi

Supervised by: Dr. MansourRismanchian

And Dr.saiedNosouhian

Dental of implantology

Dental implants research center

Isfahan university of mediacal science


Implant dentistry begins with a diagnosis of the patient's condition

  • The dentist cannot add natural abutments, but in implant dentistry can provide a range of additional abutment locations
  • determining final prosthodontic treatment plan before implant insertion
completely edentulous prosthesis design
Completely edentulous prosthesis design
  • Cost is the primary factor
  • Ask about the patient's desires
  • Fixed or removable
  • The existing anatomy is evaluated after it has been determined whether a fixed or removable

Too often, for completely edentulous patients:

Maxillary denture and a mandibularoverdenture with two implants


In the long term, may prove a disservice to the patient

  • Maxillary arch will continue to lose bone
  • The bone loss may even be accelerated in the premaxilla
  • Reduced posterior occlusion on the maxillary
  • Posterior bone loss to continue in the mandible
  • Paresthesia
  • Facial changes
It is even more important to visualize the final restoration at the onset with a fixed-implant restoration
  • Patients feel the implant teeth are better than their own
  • The completely implant-supported overdenture requires the same number of implants as a fixed implant restoration

Thus the cost of implant surgery may be similar

  • Fixed prostheses often last longer than overdentures
  • Food entrapment under a removable overdenture is often greater
  • Soft tissue extensions and support are often required in the removable
  • Chair time and laboratory fees are often similar for fixed or removable restorations that are completely implant supported
  • Replace only the anatomical crowns
  • Minimal loss of hard and soft tissues
  • The volume and position of the residual bone must permit ideal placement of the implant in a location similar to the root of a natural tooth
  • Very similar in size and contour to most traditional fixed prostheses
  • Most often desired in the maxillary anterior region

The implant abutment can rarely be treated exactly as a natural tooth:

1.The placement of the implant rarely corresponds exactly to the

crown-root position of the original

2. The thin labial bone lying over the facial aspect

of a maxillary anterior root remodels

3. The occlusal table is also usually modified in

Unesthetic regions

4. Bone augmentation is often required

5. Soft tissue augmentation also is often required

to improve the interproximal gingival contour

"Black" triangular spaces

6. Difficult to achieve when more than

two adjacent teeth are missing


The restorative material of choice for an FP-1 prosthesis is porcelain to noble-metal alloy

  • Easily be separated and soldered in case of a nonpassive fit at the metal


  • Noble metals in contact with implants corrode less than nonprecious alloys
  • Any history of exudate around a subgingivalbasemetal margin will
  • dramatically increase the corrosion effect between the implant and the

base metal

  • Restore the anatomical crown and a portion of the root
  • The volume and topography of the available bone is more apical (1 to 2 mm below the cement-enameljunction)
  • Incisal edge is in the correct position, but the gingival third of the

crown is overextended

  • Are similar to teeth exhibiting periodontal bone loss and gingival recession

The patient and the clinician should be aware from the onset

of treatment that the final prosthetic teeth will appear longerthan healthy natural teeth without bone loss


esthetic zone
Esthetic zone
  • The esthetic zone of a patient is established during : 1.Smiling in the maxillary arch

high lip line during smiling

2.Speech of sibilant sounds for the mandibular arch

Low lip line during speech


A multiple-unit FP-2 restoration does not require as specific an implant position in the mesial or distalposition because the cervical contour is not displayed during function

  • The implant position may be chosen in relation to bone width, angulation, or hygienic considerations rather than purely esthetic demands (as compared with the fp-l prosthesis)
  • The implant may even be placed in an embrasure between two teeth that often occurs for mandibular anterior teeth for full-arch fixed restorations
  • It should be placed in the correct facial-lingual positionto ensure that contour, hygiene, and direction of forces are not compromised
  • The material of choice for an FP-2 prosthesis is precious metal to porcelain
  • replace the natural teeth crowns and has pink-colored restorative materials

to replace a portion of the soft tissue

  • original available bone height has decreased by natural resorption or osteoplasty at thetime of implant placement
  • teeth are unnatural in length
  • patient may also have greater esthetic demands
  • Patients complain the display of longer teeth even though they must lift or move their lips in unnatural positions
  • greater moment of force is placed on the implant cervicalregions, especially during lateral forces (e.g., mandibular excursions or with cantilevered restorations)
there are two approaches for an fp 3 prosthesis
There are two approaches for an FP-3 prosthesis:
  • a hybrid restoration of denture teeth and acrylic and metal substructure
  • a porcelain-metal restoration

The primary factor that determines the restoration material is the amount of crown height space

Occlusal vertical <15mm ≥15mm


excessive ch traditional porcelain metal restoration
Excessive CH & traditional porcelain-metal restoration ???
  • Porcelain thickness will not be greater than 2-mm thick

More shrinkage

Non-Precious metals

porosities in the structure lead to fracture

large amount of metal

increases the risk of porcelain fracture

Precious metals

weight and cost

hybrid restoration
Hybrid restoration
  • Smaller metal framework
  • Denture teeth and acrylic
  • Less expensive to fabricate
  • Highly esthetic
  • Acrylic pink soft tissue replacements
  • The impact force of dynamic occlusal loads is reduced
  • Easier to repair
  • The fatigue of acrylic is greater than the traditional prosthesis

REPAIR of the restoration is more commonly needed

food impaction or speech problems
Food impaction or speech problems
  • Wide open embrasures in the maxillary arch

1. Using a removable soft tissue replacement device

2. Making overcontoured cervical restorations

  • The maxillary fp-2 or the fp-3 prosthesis is often extended or juxtaposed to the maxillary soft tissue so that speech is not impaired. Hygiene is more difficult to control, although access next to each implant abutment is provided
removable prostheses1
Removable Prostheses
  • Two kinds of removable prostheses, based upon support of the restoration:

1. RP-4

2. RP-5

  • determined by the amount of implant support
  • The difference in the two categories of removable restoration is not in appearance
  • Complete removable overdentureshave often been reported with predictability

The removable prosthetic options are primarily overdentures

for the completely edentulous patient

  • Completely supported by the implants, teeth, or both
  • The restoration is rigid when inserted
  • A low-profile tissue bar or superstructure that splints the implant abutments
  • 5 or 6 implants in the mandible
  • 6 to 8 implants in the maxilla
  • More lingual and apical implant placement in comparison with the implant position for a fixed prosthesis
  • Same appearance as an Fp-l, FP-2, or FP-3 restoration
  • Improved oral hygiene
  • Sleep without the excess forces of nocturnal bruxism on the prosthesis
  • The implants in an RP-4 prosthesis (and an FP-2 or FP-3 restoration) should be placed in the mesiodistal position for the best biomechanical and hygienic situation
  • combining implant and soft tissue support
  • The amount of implant support is variable:

(1) Two anterior implants independent of each other

(2) Two Splinted implants in the canine region to enhance retention

(3) Three splinted implants in the premolar and central incisor areas to provide lateral stability

(4) Implants splinted with a cantilevered bar to reduce soft tissue abrasions and to limit the amount of soft tissue coverage needed for prosthesis support

  • The primary advantage of an RP-5 restoration is the reduced cost
  • The clinician and the patient should realize that the bone will continue to resorb in the soft tissue-borne regions
  • Relines and occlusal adjustments every few years
  • Bone resorption with RP-5 restorations may occur two to three times faster than the resorption found with full dentures