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VENTILASI . TRI MARTIANA. Introduction . A good and effective ventilation system is necessary in a workplace which have processes that emit air contaminants such as dust, fumes, mists or vapours. Substitution or enclosure method Simple, cheap and effective. Types of Ventilation. Natural

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ventilasi

VENTILASI

TRI MARTIANA

introduction
Introduction
  • A good and effective ventilation system is necessary in a workplace which have processes that emit air contaminants such as dust, fumes, mists or vapours.
  • Substitution or enclosure method
  • Simple, cheap and effective
types of ventilation

Types of Ventilation

Natural

General

Dilution

LEV

natural ventilation
Natural Ventilation
  • Natural movement of air entering and leaving openings such as windows, doors, roof ventilators as well as through cracks and crevices of a building
  • Heated air rises, cool air below
general ventilation
General Ventilation
  • A method of improving or maintaining the quality of air in the work environment with airflow
  • A room or an entire building is flushed by supplying and exhausting large volumes of air throughout the area
  • Supply or forced ventilation

2. Exhaust or induced ventilation

dilution ventilation dv
Dilution Ventilation (DV)
  • DV consists of general ventilation
  • Uncontaminated outside air + inside air = diluting and reducing the concentration of air contaminants to acceptable levels to which a worker can be safely exposed for eight hours a day
slide10
LEV
  • Capture or contain contaminants at their source before they escape into the work room environment
  • System consists of one or more hoods, ducts, air cleaner and a fan
  • LEVs remove contaminants rather than just dilute them
use of natural ventilation
Use of Natural Ventilation
  • Not suitable for processes which emit dust, fumes, mists or gas
  • Rooms for chemical storage +
  • 25% of floor area
  • Half the ventilating area should be between floor level and a height of 2.25m from the floor
use of dilution ventilation
Use of Dilution Ventilation
  • DV is usually applied to the control of contaminants in situation meeting these criteria:
  • To control vapours (+organic) from low toxicity solvents
  • To control contaminants released over such a large area or in such a manner that LEV is impossible, impractical or prohibitively expensive
slide13
Small quantities of contaminants released into the work room
  • Rate of contaminant release should be reasonably constant to avoid inadequate dilution during periods of peak contaminant release
  • No corrosion or other problems from the diluted contaminants in the work room air
slide14
Sufficient distance from the worker to the contaminants source to allow dilution to safe levels
slide15
DV is prohibited – control emission of very toxic air contaminants e.g., formaldehyde or other carcinogenic chemicals
  • For effective DV, the exhaust outlet and air supply must be so located that all the air employed in the ventilation passes through the zone of contamination
slide16
Avoid re-entrance of the exhausted air.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of DV are as follows:
advantage disadvantage
Simplicity

Low original cost

Large volumes of dilution air needed

Employee exposures are difficult to control near source

Advantage Disadvantage
use of lev
Use of LEV
  • The most effective means of controlling air contaminants is to capture and remove the air contaminants at their source with LEV and to prevent them from being carried away by air currents into the breathing zones of the worker
slide19
Major release (toxic) of localized sources of contaminants.
  • LEV consists of 4 parts:
  • Hoods (most important)
  • Ducts
  • Air cleaner device
  • Fan and motor
slide27
The hood consists of 3 main types to contain and remove the air-borne contaminants.
  • Enclosures
  • Capturing hoods
  • Receiving hoods
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Ventilation – an effective way to control toxic air contaminants if substitution or enclosure method of control is not possible
  • DV reduces contaminant concentrations by diluting them with fresh air. (not for toxic emission)
slide29
LEV capture or contain contaminants at their source before they are dispersed in the workroom
  • LEVs need to be maintained, inspected and tested regularly to ensure that it is performing adequately
introduction1
Introduction
  • A good and effective ventilation system is necessary in a workplace which have processes that emit air contaminants such as dust, fumes, mists or vapours.
  • Substitution or enclosure method
  • Simple, cheap and effective
types of ventilation1

Types of Ventilation

Natural

General

Dilution

LEV

natural ventilation1
Natural Ventilation
  • Natural movement of air entering and leaving openings such as windows, doors, roof ventilators as well as through cracks and crevices of a building
  • Heated air rises, cool air below
general ventilation1
General Ventilation
  • A method of improving or maintaining the quality of air in the work environment with airflow
  • A room or an entire building is flushed by supplying and exhausting large volumes of air throughout the area
  • Supply or forced ventilation

2. Exhaust or induced ventilation

dilution ventilation dv1
Dilution Ventilation (DV)
  • DV consists of general ventilation
  • Uncontaminated outside air + inside air = diluting and reducing the concentration of air contaminants to acceptable levels to which a worker can be safely exposed for eight hours a day
slide38
LEV
  • Capture or contain contaminants at their source before they escape into the work room environment
  • System consists of one or more hoods, ducts, air cleaner and a fan
  • LEVs remove contaminants rather than just dilute them
use of natural ventilation1
Use of Natural Ventilation
  • Not suitable for processes which emit dust, fumes, mists or gas
  • Rooms for chemical storage +
  • 25% of floor area
  • Half the ventilating area should be between floor level and a height of 2.25m from the floor
use of dilution ventilation1
Use of Dilution Ventilation
  • DV is usually applied to the control of contaminants in situation meeting these criteria:
  • To control vapours (+organic) from low toxicity solvents
  • To control contaminants released over such a large area or in such a manner that LEV is impossible, impractical or prohibitively expensive
slide41
Small quantities of contaminants released into the work room
  • Rate of contaminant release should be reasonably constant to avoid inadequate dilution during periods of peak contaminant release
  • No corrosion or other problems from the diluted contaminants in the work room air
slide42
Sufficient distance from the worker to the contaminants source to allow dilution to safe levels
slide43
DV is prohibited – control emission of very toxic air contaminants e.g., formaldehyde or other carcinogenic chemicals
  • For effective DV, the exhaust outlet and air supply must be so located that all the air employed in the ventilation passes through the zone of contamination
slide44
Avoid re-entrance of the exhausted air.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of DV are as follows:
advantage disadvantage1
Simplicity

Low original cost

Large volumes of dilution air needed

Employee exposures are difficult to control near source

Advantage Disadvantage
use of lev1
Use of LEV
  • The most effective means of controlling air contaminants is to capture and remove the air contaminants at their source with LEV and to prevent them from being carried away by air currents into the breathing zones of the worker
slide47
Major release (toxic) of localized sources of contaminants.
  • LEV consists of 4 parts:
  • Hoods (most important)
  • Ducts
  • Air cleaner device
  • Fan and motor
slide55
The hood consists of 3 main types to contain and remove the air-borne contaminants.
  • Enclosures
  • Capturing hoods
  • Receiving hoods
conclusion1
Conclusion
  • Ventilation – an effective way to control toxic air contaminants if substitution or enclosure method of control is not possible
  • DV reduces contaminant concentrations by diluting them with fresh air. (not for toxic emission)
slide57
LEV capture or contain contaminants at their source before they are dispersed in the workroom
  • LEVs need to be maintained, inspected and tested regularly to ensure that it is performing adequately