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Malawi. Factfile :. Country: Malawi Capital city: Lilongwe Population: Approx. 14 million Birth rate is on average 5.9 per woman. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90\% of the population living in rural areas.

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factfile
Factfile:
  • Country: Malawi
  • Capital city: Lilongwe
  • Population: Approx. 14 million
  • Birth rate is on average 5.9 per woman.
  • The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the
  • population living in rural areas.
  • One of the least developed countries in the world: 2/3 of population
  • living in poverty.
  • It is estimated that in Malawi, a country of approximately 13 million
  • people, there are around 260 doctors
  • Life expectancy at birth:

- Men: 44 years - Women: 43 years

  • 2007 estimate: 930,000 people suffering from HIV/AIDS
  • Politically turbulent
goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty hunger
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger
  • Achievements:
  • New agricultural initiatives
  • Establishment of micro-finance networks
  • Rehabilitation of land for small holder farmers
  • Identification of other sources of economic growth
  • Statistics:
  • Population below $1 a day (%): 1998 = 83.1% 2004 = 73.9%
  • Population below national poverty line, (%)1991 = 54.0% 1998 = 65.3%
  • Employment-to-population ratio, both sexes, 1991 = 71.6% 2007 = 71.8%
  • Children under 5 severely underweight, 1992 = 27.2% 2006 = 20.5%
  • Future Challenges:
  • A shortage of agricultural goods
  • Illiteracy
  • Food storage
  • Lack of skills

Times New Roman

slide4
Goal 2:Achieve universal primary education by 2015, ensuring that children everywhere, boys and girls alike, are able to complete a full course of primary schooling

The 2008 Malawi Development Report (Challenges)

  • Malawi- Huge inequalities in access to education, most likely to not attend school are the poorer people, those in rural areas and girls.
  • The report identified the following as challenges to achieving universal education:

-Lack of qualified teachers

-Poor School building infrastructure

-Teaching standards not monitored

-No provision for children with special needs

-Absenteeism due to diet and health problems.

-Children not continuing on to secondary school.

The National Educational Sector Plan 2008 (Achievements)

  • Reducing the pupil teacher ratio to 1:60 by 2013/14.
  • Increasing the availability of textbooks.
  • The Primary Curriculum Assessment Review.
  • Increased School -50 a year, and Teacher House construction.
  • Grants specifically to increase the participation of girls in education.
  • Free Education
goal 6 combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • Achievements:
  • Awareness campaigns
  • Counselling and testing sites: 184 sites in 2005.
  • ATR drugs (Anti-Retroviral) clinics: 60 clinics in May 2005.
  • 19,000 people have now received ATR drugs as opposed to none in the year 2000.
  • HIV/AIDS Education.
  • Statistics:
  • AIDS Deaths: 2001: 60,000 2007: 68,000
  • Men, 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)

2000 = 41% 2006 = 42%

  • Women, 2000 = 34% 2006 = 42%
  • Challenges:
  • Negative social attitudes
  • Inadequate number of health personnel
  • Difficulty in administering ATR drugs.
  • Cultural beliefs
conclusion
Conclusion:
  • MDG 1?
  • MDG monitor: MDG 1 = Off track
  • Malawi Growth and Development Strategy 2006 – 2011
  • A solution: Loans and credit systems?
  • MDG 6?
  • HIV/AIDS
  • MDG monitor: MDG 6 = possible to achieve if some changes are made
  • Increase in awareness campaigns
  • Voluntary testing
  • Increase the number of clinics
  • A focus on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Services
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