European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union

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  1. EuropeanContract LawLecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll

  2. European Union

  3. European Unionsource: Wikipedia

  4. European Union • Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (OJ C 306, 17.12.2007). • Supremacy of Union law • The limits of Union competences • Legal personality of the EU • Participatorydemocracy

  5. European Union • The Charter of Fundamental Rights • Increased flexibility and enhanced cooperation • The role of national parliaments • Common security and defence policy (CSDP) http://circa.europa.eu/irc/opoce/fact_sheets/info/data/how/evolution/article_7164_en.htm

  6. Institutions of the EU • the European Parliament, • the Council of the European Union, • the European Commission, • the European Council, • the European Central Bank, • the Court of Justice of the European Union • the European Court of Auditors

  7. EuropeanParliament • Legislative procedure • Budget • Supervisorypowers

  8. EuropeanCommission • Executive power • Legislative initiative • Enforcement

  9. European Court of Justice • Actions for failure to fulfil obligations: infringement procedure – (Article 258 (ex Article 226) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union) • Actionsfor annulmentunder Article 263 (ex Article 230) • Applicationforcompensationbased on non-contractualliabilityunderArticle 268 • Actions forfailuretoactunderArticle 265 (ex Article 232) • Appeals on points of lawunderArticle 256 (exArticle 225) • References for a preliminary rulingunderArticle 267 (ex Article 234)

  10. European Court of Justice General Court (former Court of the First Instance) • Actions forannulment • Actions fordamages • Actions based on an arbitration clause

  11. Sources of law Primarysources of the European Law: • Treaty on European Union (TEU) • Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)

  12. Sources of Law Secondarysourcesof the EU law • RegulationsunderArticle 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC). • DirectivesunderArticle 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC). • RecommendationsunderArticle 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC) • DecisionsunderArticle 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC)