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Green Port and Blue Carbon Kenzo Nakagawa Ports and Harbours Bureau, MLIT Japan PowerPoint Presentation
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Green Port and Blue Carbon Kenzo Nakagawa Ports and Harbours Bureau, MLIT Japan

Green Port and Blue Carbon Kenzo Nakagawa Ports and Harbours Bureau, MLIT Japan

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Green Port and Blue Carbon Kenzo Nakagawa Ports and Harbours Bureau, MLIT Japan

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  1. Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 Green Port and Blue Carbon Kenzo Nakagawa Ports and Harbours Bureau, MLIT Japan

  2. Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 • Hakata Port - IAPH Port Environment Award 2013 ◆Subject Technology Development Demonstration for Cargo Handling Facilities (in cooperation with Fukuoka City, Hakata Port Terminal and Kyushu Regional Development Bureau of MLIT, JAPAN) ◆Award Ceremony  ・9-May-2013 •  ・At the IAPH 28th World Ports Conference ◆Content • Hakata Port has taken four approaches to reduce CO2 emission and electric power consumption. The goal was to make Hakata Port a world-class “eco” container terminal. Location of Hakata Port Award Ceremony View of Hakata Port Location of Hakata Port View of Hakata Port

  3. Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 UpgradeCargo Handling Facilities to reduce CO2 emission and electric power consumption (in container terminal of Hakata Port). ①Electrification of RTGs ②Power-saving Reefer Facility ④Keeping Terminal Operation in Disaster ③Hybrid Straddle Carrier Generate power by engine generator Power RTG Power distribution board for reefer plug Connected by cables Power station for reefer plug Switch board Emergency switch board Engine generator

  4. Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 Background of the study: What is “blue carbon”? Blue carbon report issued by the United Nations Environment Programme (October 2009) Unit: Tg C/year Land area Coastal area Outer sea River • Blue carbon: Generic name of carbon (inorganic, organic and living organisms) existing in the sea • The amount of carbon deposited in small, shallow sea areas (accounting for only 1% of the entire sea areas) accounts for more than 50% of the total amount accumulated all over the sea.

  5. Flow, photonic synthesis, respiration and decomposition Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Discharge of kicked up pore water Depth < 200m Deposited and accumulated carbon Depth > 200m The shallower the sea area is, the more the amount of carbon is deposited. Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 Background of the study: What is “blue carbon”? Carbon flow patterns in various sea areas (based on the past data) CO2 discharged No data CO2 discharged CO2 absorbed CO2 absorbed Open ocean River Shallow sea area Inner bay and coast Continental shelf Carbon Determined by CO2 concentration gradient, solubility, wave and flow Unclear points: ・Undiscovered sea areas ・The “movement between the atmosphere and sea water.” Is CO2 in the atmosphere absorbed? The scope of worldwide discussions concerning blue carbon:

  6. Thirty Eight APEC Transportation Working Group Meeting, Bali, Indonesia 1 – 5 July 2013 To apply the marine nature regeneration technologies to the alleviation of climate change. Manual for symbiosis between a port and tidal wetland Marine nature regeneration handbook • To increase the motivation for tree planting not only on land but also in the sea! For more information, contact: Tomohiro Kuwae Coastal and Estuarine Environment Research Group, Port and Airport Research Institute kuwae@ipc.pari.go.jp