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Throwing off the Burden of Shame: Social Bonds and Recovery from the Traumas of Gender-Based Violence. Judith Lewis Herman, M.D. Pinel Liberating the Insane (1795) . Charcot at the Salpetriere (1887). Women’s Liberation: Consciousness -Raising (1969).
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Judith Lewis Herman, M.D.
--The United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women
Beijing, China - September 1995The Universality of Violence Against Women
---Source: Amnesty International Report on Torture, 1973
“Beauty, yes. Sexual expertise, somewhat. That can be taught easier
than you think. What is important above all is obedience. And how do you get obedience? You get women who have had sex with their fathers, their uncles, their brothers---you know, someone they love and fear and do not dare to defy.”
---Richard Kluft, On the Apparent Invisibility of Incest. 1990
Shamed and defiled sense of self
Shattered systems of meaning.
Shame is one’s own vicarious experience of the other’s scorn. The self-in-the eyes-of-the-other is the focus of awareness… The experience of shame often occurs in the form of imagery, of looking or being looked at. Shame may also be played out as an internal colloquy, in which the whole self is condemned.
--Helen Block Lewis, 1987
(Karpman’s Drama Triangle)
Adopting the viewpoint that shame is a normal state which accompanies the breaking of affectional bonds allows shame to take its place as a universal, normal human state of being. Analyzing shame reactions in an atmosphere in which their natural function is taken for granted makes analytic work considerably easier… Perhaps the greatest therapeutic advantage of viewing shame and guilt as affectional bond controls is the emphasis placed on the patients’ efforts to restore their lost attachments.
----- Helen Block Lewis (1981)
People have at once a sense of their own honour and a respect for other people’s honour; they can feel indignation or other forms of anger when honour is violated, in their own case or someone else’s. These are shared sentiments, and they serve to bind people together in a community of feeling.
Shame and Necessity, 1993
On the Occasion of International Women's Day"Women and men united to end violence against women and girls” ------Yakin Ertürk, Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, 2009
The UN mandate for the elimination of violence against women… reflects the demands, interests and aspirations of women in all parts of the world… It is now firmly acknowledged around the world that violence against women is not an inevitable fate, nor can it be justified or excused by any means. It has also given hope to women in all corners of the world that this pandemic can and must be stopped.