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World War I: 1914-1918 The Great War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Objectives: Agenda: Pretest with clickers, WWI Into notes, Trench life, Propaganda work Do Now: Pre Test w / clickers Hmwk : Register for AP Exam !!!!!. World War I: 1914-1918 The Great War. I. Europe Before the War. Russian Empire. German Empire. Great Britain.

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Objectives: Agenda: Pretest with clickers, WWI Into notes, Trench life, Propaganda work Do Now: Pre Test w/ clickersHmwk: Register for AP Exam !!!!!

I. Europe Before the War

Russian Empire

German Empire

Great Britain

Austro-Hungarian Empire


Ottoman Empire (Balkans)

Ii why the great war began
II. Why the Great War Began

  • Militarism – “glorification of military strength”

    • Each nation tried to get a bigger army or navy than the other (arms race)

  • Alliance System – leaders of nations promised to aid one another in case of attack

    • Central Powers/Triple Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire

    • Allied Powers/Triple Entente – Great Britain, France, Russia

  • Ii why the great war began1
    II. Why The Great War Began

    • Imperialism – competition for colonial empires fueled rivalry

    • Nationalism– Ethnic groups wanted nations of their own (especially in Austria-Hungary).

      • Example: Ethnic Slav people in the Balkan “powder keg” – they were under the control of either the Ottoman or Austro-Hungarian Empires and wanted their own nation-states!

      • Serbia was an independent Slavic nation and wanted other Slavs to join them in a new nation-state. The area had several wars in the early 1900s, trying to achieve this aim.

    Iii the spark
    III. The Spark


    • Archduke Franz Ferdinandheir to Austria-Hungary’s throne – assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia (in the Balkans) by a Serbian nationalist who didn’t like Austria’s ownership of territory where Slavic people lived

    • Austria declares war on Serbia. Russia had to honor its alliance with Serbia.

    • Alliance system kicks in, and soon everyone is at war. Nations enter with excitement; believe the war will be short.

    Iv schlieffen plan
    IV. Schlieffen Plan

    • Germany’s War Plan

      • Massive attack to quickly defeat France

      • Then focus on Russia in the East, which would take longer to get their troops to the front

    • The Reality:

      • Attacks bog down (Battle of the Marne)

      • Both sides build trenches and

        realize the war will not be short

      • Trench Warfare begins

    V new methods of warfare total war war of attrition
    V. New Methods of Warfare: Total War & War of Attrition

    • Total War- all possible resources and people are geared toward war effort

      • New method of warfare based on new weapons & tactics

      • Colonies taken advantage of, for extraction of human/natural resources

    • War of Attrition- war fought not to gain capital but to exhaust resources of your opponent(s).

    New technology of wwi
    New Technology of WWI

    • Poisonous gas (first used by Germans 1915)

      • Mustard gas was feared in the trenches (1.2 million casualties)

    • Airplanes

      • Used to survey regions, led to “dogfights”

    • Tanks (introduced by British 1915)

    • Machine guns

    Looking at propaganda
    Looking at Propaganda

    • Study the following propaganda posters from World War I

    • Complete the questions about each propaganda piece on the worksheet you picked up at the beginning of class.