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On Study of Classroom Behavior Between Chinese Students and American Students. Malan Cai Guangxi Normal University mlcai2003@yahoo.com. Introduction.

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On Study of Classroom Behavior Between Chinese Students and American Students

Malan Cai

Guangxi Normal University

mlcai2003@yahoo.com


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Introduction American Students

  • Today, many American universities have experienced the trend of an ever increasing enrollment of international students. On occasion, the number of international students enrolled in a particular class can even exceed the number of American students.


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Two expectations are proposed: American Students

  • a. American students are more active than Asian students in classroom participation;

  • b. Asian students care more how the professor and classmates receive their answers than American students.


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Method American Students

  • Participants for this study are from Morehead Sate University, 10 are American students and 10 are Asian students. Among the Asian students, 2 students are from Mainland China, one is from Japan and 7 are from Taiwan. They are assigned to complete the questionnaire of 11 items quickly according to their first impression. Chi-square test and t-test are used to measure the data.


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  • TABLE 1 American Students

  • Mean evaluation of difference between Asian students and American students in classroom discussion.



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Discussion American Students

  • The findings show that there is a great difference in classroom discussion between Asian students and American students. The first expectation is true. American students are more active than Asian students in class. They feel more comfortable speaking in class than Asian students.


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  • American StudentsIf we seek to understand a people, we have to put ourselves as far as we can, in that particular history and cultural background […] one has to recognize that countries and people differ in their approach and their ways, in their approach to life and their ways of living and thinking.


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  • The Asian students American Students’ silent response to the classroom discussion is caused by the similar educational background and educational philosophy they’ve received.


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  • “Silence is gold.” American Students

  • “Less speaking is the best way of speaking.”

  • “The superior man is diligent in duty but slow to speak.”

  • “Of the two persons walking with me, at least one can be my teacher. I would learn from his good points and guard against his bad ones.”


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  • American StudentsHe who knows does not talk, he who talks does not know”


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Dewey’s educational thought American Students

  • A culture transmits its values by providing its young with the kinds of experiences that make their value real and significant for their own lives.


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  • We encourage them to follow their own purposes of communication. […] Similarly, learning to participate in democratic life involves living democratically ---students working together on common problems, establishing the rules by which their classroom will be governed, testing and evaluating ideas for the improvement of classroom life, and learning, and participating in the construction of objectives for their own learning.


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  • “As we regard the host environment as a partner and engage ourselves in that environment, we need to be prepared to accept the likelihood that a part of who we are maybe changed by our new experiences, at least temporarily. This willingness to be changed is vital if we are to attain a degree of functional fitness in the new socio-cultural system…this understanding of adaptive capacity within ourselves bring hope and strength even in the midst of severe culture-shock experiences” (Young Yun Kim, 225-226).


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Thank you ourselves in that environment, we need to be prepared to accept the likelihood that a part of who we are maybe changed by our new experiences, at least temporarily. This willingness to be changed is vital if we are to attain a degree of functional fitness in the new socio-cultural system…this understanding of adaptive capacity within ourselves bring hope and strength even in the midst of severe culture-shock experiences” (Young Yun Kim, 225-226).