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“Giving a Talk” Talk. Paul Sutton, PhD, MD Associate Professor General Internal Medicine University of Washington. Overview. Public speaking tips Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations Presentation of data The delivery. Public Speaking Tips. Tell ‘ em

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“Giving a Talk” Talk


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    1. “Giving a Talk” Talk Paul Sutton, PhD, MD Associate Professor General Internal Medicine University of Washington

    2. Overview • Public speaking tips • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations • Presentation of data • The delivery

    3. Public Speaking Tips • Tell ‘em • Tell them what you are going to tell them • Tell them • Tell them what you have told them

    4. Overview • Public speaking tips • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations • Presentation of data • The delivery

    5. Public Speaking Tips • Know your subject • Know your audience • What’s in it for me? • Structure • Particularly crucial for shorter talks • Your style • Find your own voice • But seek to entertain as well as educate

    6. Your Style • “Good teaching is one fourth preparation and three fourths theater.” Gail Godwin • Use eye contact, voice modulation, and animation (yours, not PowerPoint’s) • Take chances (but be tasteful)

    7. Public Speaking Tips • Limited recall • “The magical number seven, plus or minus two”. Miller GA. Psychol Rev 1956. 63:81-97. • Emphasize key points • Don’t attempt the Vulcan mind meld • “If you only remember one thing…”

    8. Effective Habits • Outline the talk before opening any presentation software • Scientific Presentation • Background • Objective • Methods • Data • Discussion

    9. Effective Habits: outlines Topic-based Lecture • Intro • Epidemiology • Clinical Features • Diagnostics • Treatment • Areas of study • Review Case-based Lecture • Intro • Case 1 • Teaching point • Case 2 • Teaching point • Lather, rinse, & repeat • Review

    10. Effective Habits • Prepare in advance! • “It usually takes more than three weeks to prepare a good impromptu speech.” Mark Twain • Practice • Particularly the introduction • Peer review • Is the story coherent? • Is the presentation of data clear? • Eliminate ypographical errors

    11. PowerPoint Tips • Use PowerPoint • 95% market share • Presentation software options: • PC/Mac/UNIX: OpenOffice by Sun • Mac: Keynote • Can be difficult to share • Potential for formatting surprises • Most conferences require .ppt (or .pptx)

    12. Savvy Slides(K.I.S.S.) • Dark background, light text • Considerusing bold for allfonts • Shadowed text is more readable • Use font size 24 or greater • Use easy to read fonts • Arial • Times New Roman • Comic Sans MS • English 111 Vivace BT

    13. Savvy Slides (44 point) • Arial 36 • Arial 28 • Arial 20 • Comic Sans MS 36 • Comic Sans MS 28 • Comic Sans MS 20 • Times New Roman 36 • Times New Roman 28 • Times New Roman 20

    14. Backgrounds • Readable, classic • But, fatiguing over time

    15. Backgrounds • Annoying, pointless background • Poor contrast • High contrast is minimally better • Wow, what a great lecture

    16. Slide Content • About one minute per slide • This ratio increases as the length of the talk increases • 5-8 lines of text per slide • Simplify information (on the slide!) • More Hemingway than Bulwer-Lytton • More haiku than Dante

    17. Slide Content • For goodness sakes, don’t read your slides! • Avoid STDs • Speaker/text dissonance • Use animations sparingly

    18. “Death by PowerPoint” http://norvig.com/Gettysburg/sld006.htm, accessed 4/14/09

    19. http://canadiancpd.medscape.com/content/2002/00/43/71/437182/437182_fig.htmlhttp://canadiancpd.medscape.com/content/2002/00/43/71/437182/437182_fig.html Accessed 7/2/2009

    20. PowerPoint Tips • Don’t forget to stretch/change gears • Attention span may be 10-15 minutes • Perhaps less in the age of Twitter • Various techniques to re-engage the audience

    21. Overview • Lecture tips and effective habits • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations • Presentation of data • The delivery

    22. So…Now I’m thinking about taking my cousin downtown when she visits next month…

    23. Presentation of Data • PowerPoint conveys data at relatively low bandwidth

    24. Lindholm LH, et al. Lancet 2008. 366:1545-53

    25. AFFIRM. NEJM 2002. 347:1825

    26. Tables, Charts, and Graphs • Avoid tables & figures from journals – they do not project well • Tables & figures should be clearly labeled, and make sense at a glance • Orient the audience & walk them through the data

    27. Tables, Charts & Graphs • You’ve failed if you have to begin with an apology • Limit data to what is necessary to convey your point • But don’t deceive • Highlight key points

    28. Atenolol vs. OtherAnti-hypertensives: Stroke 1.29 (1.12-1.49) ASCOT-BPLA ELSA 1.58 (0.69-3.64) INVEST 1.14 (0.93-1.39) LIFE Make another point with text box or highlighting 1.34 (1.13-1.58) MRC Old 1.22 (-.83-1.79) UKPDS 0.90 (0.48-1.69) TOTAL EVENTS 1.26 (1.15-1.38) 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.5 2.0 Lindholm LH, et al. Lancet 2008. 366:1545-53

    29. US Carvedilol Heart Failure Program:Effect on Hospitalizations 28%*  29%*  38%* Placebo (n = 398) Carvedilol (n = 696) 30 20 Duration of therapy: 6.5 months (median) % 10 *P <.05 0 AllHospitalizations CardiovascularHospitalization Heart FailureHospitalizations Fowler MB et al. J Am CollCardiol. 2001;37:1692–1699.

    30. Take Care with Colors

    31. “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not one bit simpler.” Einstein

    32. The Delivery • Redundancy • Computer, webmail, USB flash drive, CD • Include all files necessary for any animation (e.g. video) • Get there early, check out the room, controls, water • Ask a friend/colleague for feedback • Learn something from every talk

    33. Overview (“Tell ‘em”) • Lecture tips and effective habits • Tips for effective PowerPoint presentations • Presentation of data • The delivery

    34. Take Home Points • Be knowledgeable, enthusiastic, and animated • Focus on a few take home points • Legible slides (and don’t read them!) • Pay particular attention to the presentation of data

    35. “Make sure you have finished speaking before your audience has finished listening.” Dorothy Sarnoff

    36. Suggested Reading • Federman D. How do you give a great lecture? Parts I and II. SGIM Forum, June and July 2009. Accessed at http://www.sgim.org/index.cfm?pageId=809 • Very practical, expert opinion • Tufte ER. The cognitive style of PowerPoint: pitching out corrupts within. 2nd edition. Graphics Press (Cheshire, CT). 2006. • An essay on the limitations and cognitive shackles of PowerPoint • Available at the bookstore for $7 • Keller J. Killing me microsoftly with PowerPoint. Chicago Tribune, January 5, 2003. Accessed at http://www.gbuwizards.com/files/chicago-tribune-julia-keller-05-january-2003.htm • Martin Luther King and Robert Frost à la PowerPoint • Collins J. Giving a PowerPoint presentation: the art of communicating effectively. Radiographics 2004. 24:1185-92.