Introduction to Psychotherapy. Sadia Zafar Dr. Bilal Durrani Naila Islaam. Historical background: Beliefs and treatment of the mentally ill. people with psychological disorders were subjected to such techniques as “skull-holes” and “placement in insane asylums.”
Dr. Bilal Durrani
Psychotherapy is a word deriving from Ancient Greek,psyche(meaning "breath; spirit; soul") &therapia("healing; medical treatment").
(2) disturbed emotions;
(3) disturbed behaviors;
(4) interpersonal and life situation difficulties; and
(5) biomedical disturbances.
Major Depression (21%)Relationship and couple problems (17%)Child rearing problems (19%)Difficulty in social and work relations (5%)Suicidal thoughts (5%)Alcohol/Drug dependence (3%)Obsessions (3%)Sexual dysfunctions (3%)Weight loss/Eating disorders (3%)Spousal/partner abuse (2%)Psychotic symptoms (2%)
“I must be perfect or no one will love me!”
“I must be thoroughly competent, adequate, and successful in all possible respects if I am to be worthwhile.”
“It is horrible when things do not turn out the way I want them to.”
Activating Event - Beliefs - Consequences
Classical Conditioning Therapies:
1. Systematic Desensitization: This approach uses progressive relaxation, the construction of an anxiety hierarchy, andcounter-conditioning.
2. Aversion Therapy: The goal of aversion therapy is to make a formerly pleasurable, but maladaptive, behavior become unpleasant.
(1) Systematic Desensitization: A relaxation response is repeatedly paired with a stimulus that evokes anxiety in the hope that the anxiety will be alleviated.
(2) Aversion Therapy: Pair an unpleasant stimulus with an object that causes an inappropriate response.
Groups may be,
a mix of individuals
couples learn about compromises and expectations.
Eclectic: Borrowing ideas and techniques from different approaches
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