Czars of Russia. Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, and Catherine the Great. TLWBAT Discuss the achievements of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. Warm-up Identify the treaty for each occasion. 30 Years War War of Spanish Succession Peasants Rebellion Reformation.
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Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, and Catherine the Great
Conquered the territory around Moscow
liberated Russia from Mongols
centralized the Russian government.
Ivan’s Son was Ivan IV- Ivan the Terrible.
Ivan the Terrible was first Czar 1533.
Added territory to Russia
added power to central government.
Ruled by Terror
accused Boyars, nobles, of poisoning his wife, Anastasia-a Romanov
set up secrete police and executed many Boyars.
Killed many people and gave land to new nobles who promised to be loyal or die.From Ivan to the Romanov
Peter the Greats’ Goals:
brought Orthodox Church under state control
reduced power of great landowners and then gave it back once they were loyal
modernized army by hiring European officers.
started first newspaper
raise women status
changed traditional to western clothing.
Promoted education and growth
built St.. Petersburg as “a window on the sea”-Russia’s new Capital.Peter’s Absolutism
Peter the Great
Created a warm water port (St. Petersburg
Raised woman’s status
Forced nobility to “westernize”