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Infection Control. WHAT IS INFECTION CONTROL?. Infection Control is the practice of preventing infection Take steps to ensure that patients don’t acquire an infection while they are here in the hospital TERM: Nosocomial (Hospital-Acquired) Infection. FOR MORE INFORMATION,

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what is infection control
WHAT IS INFECTION CONTROL?
  • Infection Control is the practice of preventing infection
      • Take steps to ensure that patients don’t acquire an infection while they are here in the hospital
      • TERM: Nosocomial (Hospital-Acquired) Infection

FOR MORE INFORMATION,

LOOK IN THE INFECTION CONTROL MANUAL

LOCATED IN YOUR DEPARTMENT

the most effective infection control measure to prevent the transmission of infection is
THE MOST EFFECTIVE INFECTION CONTROL MEASURE TO PREVENT THE TRANSMISSION OF INFECTION IS:

Breaking the Chain of Infection

** HAND HYGIENE

~ You can isolate a patient and wear your PPE, but if you DON’T CLEAN YOUR HANDS you will carry the infection to all the patients you touch

what s on your hands
What’s on your hands?

Hopefully not that!

  • Remember!
  • Hand hygiene prevents the spread of infection
  • Good hand hygiene is the most important

activity you can do to keep your patients infection free

hand hygiene at mrch
Hand Hygiene at MRCH
  • Hand washing with soap and water:
    • Antimicrobial soap
    • Non antimicrobial soap
  • Hand hygiene with alcohol gel
    • Exceptions for use:
      • Physical debris on hands
      • Protein matter on hands
      • Spores
give healthcare a hand by washing yours
Give Healthcare a HAND by washing yours!
  • Before you start work
  • Before patient care
  • After patient care
  • While providing care when moving

from not clean to clean areas

  • Before invasive procedures
  • Before sterile procedures
  • After you remove gloves
  • The opportunities are endless!!!
personal protective equipment ppe
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Wear a barrier to protect against blood and bodily fluids:
    • Gloves
    • Gown
    • Mask
    • Eye Protection
standard precautions
STANDARD PRECAUTIONS
  • Based on the principle that all body fluids and excretions may contain transmissible infectious agents
  • Practiced for all patients, all the time
  • When you find yourself in a situation that might result in exposure to bodily fluids, utilize a barrier
make a partnership with safety
Make a Partnership with Safety
  • Use the appropriate personal protective equipment every time you need it.
  • Utilize safety engineered devices the way they are intended to be used.

IF YOU WAIT UNTIL YOU GET SPLASHED, SPRAYED

OR EXPOSED TO PUT YOUR PPE ON, IT IS TOO LATE!

THEY ARE INTENDED TO KEEP YOU SAFE!

transmission based precautions
TRANSMISSION BASED PRECAUTIONS
  • Used in addition to Standard Precautions
  • Used when patient has organism that we don’t want to spread to other patients or acquire ourselves
  • Prevent spread by wearing a barrier (Personal Protective Equipment: PPE) specific to that mode of transmission
contact precautions signage
Contact PrecautionsSignage
  • On the patient room door, you should see these signs:
contact precautions the details
Contact PrecautionsThe Details
  • Used for organisms that are spread by “contact” – by body surface to body surface: physical transfer
  • Contact transmission is the most important and most frequent mode of transmission of nosocomial infections

KEEP ‘EM CLEAN!

contact precautions what should i wear
Contact PrecautionsWhat Should I Wear?
  • Wear GLOVES for all patient care – this includes hand contact with the environment!
  • Wear GLOVES and GOWN for patient contact that could result in your uniform coming into contact with patient or patient’s environment
contact precautions used for what diseases
Contact PrecautionsUsed for What Diseases?
  • Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE)
  • Lice
  • Scabies
  • Clostridium difficile
  • E. coli 0157:H7
droplet precautions signage
Droplet Precautions Signage
  • On the patient room door, you should see these signs:
droplet precautions the details
Droplet PrecautionsThe Details
  • Used for organisms that are spread by respiratory droplets
  • Respiratory droplets are generated by cough, sneeze, talk, laugh, suction, bronchoscopy, etc
  • Respiratory droplets spread 3 to 5 feet from the source
  • Droplets do not remain suspended in the air
droplet precautions what should i wear
Droplet PrecautionsWhat Should I Wear?
  • Wear a MASK and GLOVES for all patient contact – this includes hand contact with the environment!
  • If you are providing care that will likely result in your uniform coming into contact with the patient or the patient’s environment, wear a GOWN
  • If you are suctioning, intubating, patient has tracheostomy, etc – wear EYE PROTECTION
droplet precautions used for what diseases
Droplet PrecautionsUsed for What Diseases?
  • MRSA in sputum
  • Influenza
  • Meningitis
  • Measles (Rubella)
airborne precautions signage
Airborne PrecautionsSignage
  • On the patient room door, you should see these signs:
airborne precautions used for what diseases
Airborne PrecautionsUsed for What Diseases?
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Varicella
  • Chicken Pox
airborne precautions the details
Airborne PrecautionsThe Details
  • How Airborne Precautions differ from Droplet Precautions:
    • Used for diseases spread by airborne droplet nuclei (small particles) or evaporated droplets containing the microorganism
    • The particles can remain suspended in the air for long periods of time
    • The particles can be inhaled by others
airborne precautions what should i wear
Airborne PrecautionsWhat Should I Wear?
  • Wear a N-95 MASK and GLOVES for all patient contact
  • Wear the MASK, GLOVES and GOWN when providing care that may result in exposure to bodily fluids or your uniform may come into contact with the environment
airborne precautions anything else i should know
Airborne PrecautionsAnything Else I Should Know?
  • These particles are small and can remain suspended on air currents for great distances
  • Patients in Airborne Isolation need to be placed in a room with specific ventilation:
    • Negative Pressure
hai prevention clean equipment
HAI Prevention: Clean Equipment

- All equipment should be wiped down with a germicidal wipe (Sani Cloths)

  • Between patient use
  • When equipment leaves a patient room (wheelchair, walkers, gurneys)
disposal of waste clear bags
Disposal of Waste“Clear Bags”
  • Diapers or incontinence pads soiled with urine or feces can be disposed of in the “regular” garbage
  • Dry, non-confidential waste may be disposed of in the clear bags
disposal of waste biohazard
Disposal of Waste“Biohazard”
  • Waste material saturated with blood or bodily fluids must be discarded in the biohazard waste container
  • Liquid waste material must be solidified before disposal (Isosorb)
  • Be sure to securely tie all biohazard bags
disposal of waste sharps
Disposal of WasteSharps
  • Sharps containers are for all things sharp
  • Sharp things include needles, scalpels, lancets, syringes, ampules
  • Sharp things are considered sharp even if the needle has been removed (syringe)
  • Sharp containers are not for tape, cotton balls or random garbage
disposal of waste pharmaceutical waste
Disposal of WastePharmaceutical Waste
  • Pharmaceutical waste containers are for pharmaceutical waste
    • Pharmaceutical waste includes all medications and additives that have any ingredient other than sugar, salt or water
    • Do not dispose of pharmaceutical waste down the sink