Visual Arts and the Hall of Fame Experience Field Trip/Videoconference Experience Presented by the Pro Football Hall of Fame
The Pro Football Hall of Fame • The purpose of the Pro Football Hall of Fame is to honor, preserve, educate and promote the game of professional football. • The HOF opened in 1963 and was originally comprised of two buildings. • The types of galleries in the museum are varied, containing a vast number of objects and textual items that are on display.
Intro to the Displays • The are many types of displays within the Pro Football Hall of Fame. • Art is a universal language serving as a form of visual communication throughout the displays. • Imagine how the museum would look and function if all forms of art were removed.
Forms of Art in the Pro Football Hall of Fame • Fine art in the HOF includes but is not limited to sculptures, drawings, paintings, architecture and photography. • Commercial art in the HOF includes but is not limited to cartooning, lettering, logo design, caricatures, display design, jewelry design, photography, graphic arts, videography and computer graphics.
Sculptures • There are generally two forms of sculptures – relief and in the round (freestanding). • Both forms of sculpture can be additive (built up) or subtractive (carved). • Examples of sculptural works of art in the museum include relief figures, statues and busts.
The Sculptural Process of Bronze Casting • Cast bronze sculptures require several steps. • This sculptural method originated in ancient Greece. • The busts of all HOF inductees have been made from cast bronze after making a clay model.
Find similarities and differences in the two busts shown below: Bust of Franco Harris, 1990 Bust of Aristotle, 325 B.C. Bronze Casting Marble sculpture
Compare the two full size statues. How are they alike? How do they differ? Does each effectively achieve its purpose? Sculpture of Jim Thorpe, 1963 Discus thrower, Roman Copy Bronze Casting of Greek Bronze casting, 485 B.C.
The Process of Relief Sculpture • The earliest examples of relief sculptures are found in European caves, Sumeria and Ancient Egypt. • Relief sculptures cannot be viewed from all sides, as they remain attached to a background. They are either carved into their background or built up over it.
Comparison of Relief Sculptures Pro Football Hall of Fame, 1963. Sculptor: Dale Drulius. Pounded copper. The group portrays a wide receiver, a tackle and a guard. Greek Horses from a frieze on the Parthenon, 450 Bc. Carved Marble. The group portrays gods involved in a battle. Notice that the viewer is not able to see the reverse side of these Relief sculptures. What else is similar about them?
Architecture • The concept of “form follows function” in architecture was created by Louis Sullivan in the late 1800’s. • Domes have been used by architects throughout history. • Domes are often constructed over circular rooms called rotundas. • The floor plan of a building shows an aerial view of the exterior shape and the interior layout, including placement of rooms.
Comparison of Domes Pro Football HOF Pantheon U.S. Capital Building Canton, Ohio Rome, Italy Washington, D. C. How are they similar? How do they differ?
Dome Interiors Can you match these domes to the exterior views shown in the previous slide?
“Form Follows Function” -Louis Sullivan Carson Piery Scott Fallingwater Pro Football HOF Department Store Private residence Museum Chicago, Illinois Bear Run, PA Canton, Ohio How does the design or form of each building make it function as intended by the architect?
Painting and Drawing Portraits and Illustrations • Portraits were originally created to create a lasting image of an individual for historical purposes. Before photography, drawn or painted portraits were the only way to capture this image. Portraits today can be in many forms. • Drawing techniques are used to create cartoons, portraits, illustrations and a variety of other ideas. If you visit the Pro Football Hall of Fame, be observant of the ways that drawings are used in the exhibits.
Formal Portraits – Painted in Oils Commissioner Pete Rozelle President Dwight D. Eisenhower How are the sitters of these portraits represented? What can you learn about these men by observing their portraits?
Napoleon The Iron Man Jacques Louis David How are these portraits different from the previous slide? What do these portraits tell you about the men they portray?
Photography • Photography was commonly used in the 1800’s, but was not considered an art form until the turn of the century. • Photography was originally used to document people and events. • Photography can enhance museum displays in a variety of ways. • There are many examples of both still and action photography in the museum.
Logos • Discuss two possible parts of a logo • Discuss the design and purpose of a logo • Discuss where logos might be found at the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Museum Visit Activities SCULPTURE • Identify sculptures in the museum by form (relief or free-standing). • Choose a favorite sculpture and explain why it appeals to you. • Describe the sculpture to someone who has never seen it.
Museum Visit Activities ARCHITECTURE • Observe the architecture of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Describe building materials, shapes and sizes of various components of the structure. • Observe the floor plan of the museum – consider the height and color of walls and ceilings, the flow of people as they observe displays, the effect of the lighting. • Note the sizes of the various rooms in the museum and explain why they are large or small, whether they have bright or subtle lighting.
Museum Visit Activities Portraiture • As you tour the museum, watch for portraits. Ask who the portraits represent and why they are included in the museum. • What forms of art were used to create the portraits? Are they painted, drawn, photographed or sculpted?
Museum Visit Activities PHOTOGRAPHY • Identify areas where photographs are used in museum displays. What do the photographs show? How did you learn from them? • Choose a favorite photograph and explain the reasons for your selection. Is your favorite photograph a still shot or an action shot?
Follow-up Activities • Design the floor plan and exterior of a museum, choosing your own theme. How will the exterior indicate what’s to be found inside? • Determine the sizes and shapes of rooms and the types of displays. • Create a museum display, choosing your own theme. What forms of art work will the display contain? Will it include sculpture, portraits, photography and/or logos? What type of text will accompany the display?
Follow-up Activities • Research another museum and compare its physical features to those of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. • Research logos. Determine which logos are most readily identified in the United States and around the world. Why are these logos effective? Design a logo that represents you or one of your interests.