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The Age of Reform. Jacksonian Era Reform Movements. Education. Communitarianism. THEME: A response to changes in economics and politics. Prisons/ Asylums. Religion. Temperance. Women’s Rights. Education. An educated population is essential to a democracy. Public school movement

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the age of reform

The Age of Reform

Jacksonian Era Reform Movements

slide2

Education

Communitarianism

THEME: A response to changes in economics and politics

Prisons/Asylums

Religion

Temperance

Women’s Rights

education
Education
  • An educated population is essential to a democracy.
  • Public school movement
  • Horace Mann  standards, consistency
  • William McGuffey --> McGuffey “Readers”; instill civic virtues
  • Colleges
    • New colleges: UNC, UVA
    • Women: Mt. Holyoke; Coed: Oberlin
  • Informal education: libraries, Lyceum mov’t
prison asylum reform
Prison/Asylum Reform
  • Reflects a “concern for the common man”
  • Rehab v. punishment as a goal
    • “Gaols” become “penitentiaries”
  • Dorothea Dix
temperance
Temperance
  • Alcohol abuse effects families; workplace safety
  • American Temperance Society
  • Neal S. Dow / Maine Law (1851)
women s rights
Women’s Rights
  • Participatory democracy for whom? Universal male suffrage?
  • “Cult of Domesticity” & Catherine Beecher
  • Early Feminists: Mott, Stanton, Anthony, the Grimke Sisters
  • Seneca Falls Convention
    • Declaration of Rights and Sentiments
communitarianism
Communitarianism
  • Reactions against “dog-eat-dog” society and economic competition.
    • New Harmony – socialism
    • Brook Farm – transcendentalism / utopianism
    • Oneida – free love, complex marriage, eugenics, communism, and silverware!
    • Shakers – simple living, celibacy
slide10
The Oneida Community practiced eugenics or “scientific breeding” in which a special committee selected members of the community to breed children. In this image, children parade in front of their proud “parents.”
religion
Religion
  • Second Great Awakening
    • Emphasis on religion for the “common man”
    • New religions (Methodism, Baptists, etc.) encouraged missionary activity / reform
  • New faiths emerge, especially in the west
    • Millerites
    • Mormons