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Small Hatchery Management. Breeding Stock Eggs Incubators Coordination Lessons Learned. Small Hatchery Management - Breeding Stock -. Fertility Egg Production Feed Requirements. Small Hatchery Management - Breeding Stock -. Fertility Considerations: Breed Characteristics

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small hatchery management
Small Hatchery Management
  • Breeding Stock
  • Eggs
  • Incubators
  • Coordination
  • Lessons Learned
small hatchery management breeding stock
Small Hatchery Management- Breeding Stock -
  • Fertility
  • Egg Production
  • Feed Requirements
small hatchery management breeding stock1
Small Hatchery Management- Breeding Stock -

Fertility Considerations:

  • Breed Characteristics
  • Health – NPIP status and physical freedom from parasites and disease
  • Male to Female Ratio
  • Spurs and Feathers
small hatchery management breeding stock2
Small Hatchery Management- Breeding Stock -

Egg Production Considerations:

  • Male Fighting and Hen Harassment
  • Lights – 14 Hours
  • Parasite Management
  • Disease Management
  • Timing Production
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Small Hatchery Management- Breeding Stock -

Feed Considerations:

  • Breeder Feed
  • Fresh, Clean, Unfrozen Water
  • Oyster Shell
  • Wheat Germ Oil
  • Cod Liver Oil
small hatchery management eggs
Small Hatchery Management- Eggs -
  • Proper Storage
  • Condition
  • Shipping
  • Candling
small hatchery management eggs1
Small Hatchery Management- Eggs -

Storage Considerations:

  • Location –out of sun and drafts, with constant temperature; a cooler is ideal
  • Temperature/Humidity –ideal is 60 degrees F
  • Air Cell Up
  • Rotate – daily rotation will improve hatch
  • Duration Effects on Hatchability/Viability –best results are obtained from eggs 7 days and less, 10 days or less provide good results, but viability drops sharply from day 10
small hatchery management eggs2
Small Hatchery Management- Eggs -

Condition Considerations:

  • Odd Shapes – likely not viable; may indicate poor air cell position
  • Cracks – will allow entry of bacteria; can be sealed using candle wax
  • Dirt – infect incubator with bacteria; wet dirty eggs likely not to hatch due to infectious agents being drawn into the egg
small hatchery management eggs3
Small Hatchery Management- Eggs -

Shipping Considerations:

  • Effect on Viability – jarring can damage air cell and loosen embryo attachment
  • Proper Methods – wrap in newspaper or paper towel so that movement with egg carton is prevented; when mailing, allow several inches of cushioning material around cartons
  • Resting Overnight – allow eggs that have been transported/shipped to rest over night at room temperature, this will allow air cells to reform and result in better hatch
small hatchery management eggs4
Small Hatchery Management- Eggs -

Candling Considerations:

  • Candle at 7-10 Days
  • Again at Day 18
  • Method
  • Meanings of Observations
small hatchery management incubators
Small Hatchery Management- Incubators -
  • Location
  • Temperature/ Humidity
  • Incubation Cycle
  • Cleanliness
small hatchery management incubators1
Small Hatchery Management- Incubators -

Location Considerations:

  • Constant Temperature and Humidity
  • Away from Sun
  • Clean Environment
small hatchery management incubators2
Small Hatchery Management- Incubators -

Temperature and Humidity Considerations:

  • Constant 99.5 degrees F
  • Humidity 55% during First Two Weeks
  • 65% during Hatch/Last Two Weeks
  • Low Temperature can Delay Hatch
  • High Temperature can Accelerate Hatch
  • Low Humidity can cause Pipping with Inability to Hatch
  • High Humidity can cause failure to seal navels and drowning during hatch
small hatchery management incubators3
Small Hatchery Management- Incubators -

Incubation Cycle Considerations:

  • Run Incubator for 5 Days with Correct Temp/Humidity before Setting
  • 2 Weeks in Incubator
  • 1 Week in Hatcher
small hatchery management incubators4
Small Hatchery Management- Incubators -

Cleanliness Considerations:

  • Clean Incubator and Hatcher at Start of Season
  • Separate Hatcher allows Succession Settings without Debris Concerns
  • Use 1-2 Tablespoons of Pinesol per Gallon of Water for Humidity
  • Dry, Vacuum, and Spray between Hatches
small hatchery management coordination
Small Hatchery Management- Coordination -
  • Hatch Planning
  • Chick Distribution
  • Cleaning Cycle vs. Incubation Cycle
small hatchery management coordination1
Small Hatchery Management- Coordination -

Hatch Planning Considerations:

  • It Takes 2 Weeks to Know Sire
  • Once Lay Commences, Save Eggs for 1-2 Weeks
  • It Takes 3 Weeks to Hatch
  • It can take 4-7 Weeks from Commencement for First Chicks to Hatch
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Small Hatchery Management- Coordination -

Chick Distribution Considerations:

  • Once Chicks Hatch They must be Placed
  • Power Outages and Other Temperature Fluctuations can Alter Hatch by 1-2 Days
  • Number of Chicks Hatched may be Greater of Fewer than Number Planned
  • Shipping Chicks Requires Additional Planning and Labor
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Small Hatchery Management- Coordination -

Cleaning Cycle vs. Incubation Cycle Considerations:

  • When Setting Once Every 2 Weeks, Plan to Clean Hatcher within 2 Days of Chick Removal
  • When Setting Once Per Week, Hatcher must be Cleaned on Day of Hatch
small hatchery management lessons learned
Small Hatchery Management- Lessons Learned -
  • Pedigree
  • Hatch Cycle
  • Management Issues
  • Other People
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Small Hatchery Management- Lessons Learned -

Pedigree Considerations:

  • Pedigree is useful in Planning Matings
  • Pedigree Marking of Day-old Chicks is Done by Toe-punch
  • Chicks must be Separated According to Mating before They Hatch
  • Labor to Pedigree increases Time Spent to Take-off Hatch from 15 Minutes to 50 Minutes
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Small Hatchery Management- Lessons Learned -

Hatch Cycle Considerations:

  • Hatching Every 2 Weeks is better due to Reduced Workload and Increased Hatch Sizes
  • Setting Every Hatch on the Same Weekday makes Keeping Track of Hatch Due Dates Much Easier
  • Maintaining Hatch Intervals is Useful, Giving Regularity to Schedule
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Small Hatchery Management- Lessons Learned -

Management Considerations:

  • Broody Hens cause Fertile Eggs to begin Growth, Saving these Started Eggs Kills Embryo
  • Someone must Maintain Breeding Flock
  • Breeder Replacements must be Grown, Selected, and Maintained
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Small Hatchery Management- Lessons Learned -

Other People:

  • When Pooling Hatching Eggs: May have Schedule Conflicts
  • May have Different Expectations (breed performance, chick availability, expenses)
  • May Attempt to Reduce Feed Costs by Using Lower Quality Feed – thus Reducing Viability
  • Industry Controls Each Segment – feed, breeding stock, incubation, housing, processing – for Good Reason