School-wide Positive Behavior Support for Parents
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School-wide Positive Behavior Support for Parents. Laura A. Riffel, Ph.D. Copyright Infringement.

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Copyright infringement

Property of Behavior Doctor Seminars copyright 2009 –

original author must be given credit

Copyright Infringement

  • It has come to my attention that someone has been copying these slides and changing the title page and claiming them to be their own. I post these on the website to share, however, credit to the original author is not only legally required, it is socially appropriate. Violators will be contacted and dealt with via whatever means are required by the infringement. It is called plagiarism.

  • While the ideas in this PPT are not all original, the compiling and artwork are copyright protected. I give credit to original authors during my trainings for each of the ideas within and that is not something that one would know unless they were the originators of this PPT presentation.

  • For the above reason, all PPT slides are now saved in pdf format only – so it will be more difficult to change slides.

  • Thank you to those of you who have used these slides appropriately and I apologize to you.


What does School-wide Positive Behavior Support Mean?


What does a pbis school look like
What does a PBIS school look like?

  • 20-80% reduction in Office Discipline Referrals

  • 3-5 Behavioral Expectations are posted, taught, modeled, practiced and rewarded.

  • Administrator is an active participant on the PBIS team.

  • Continuum of behavior support is available to all students.

  • Children are caught being good.


What does a pbis school feel like
What does a PBIS school feel like?

  • Students report feeling safer

  • Teacher’s report higher morale and less turnover rate.

  • Administrative staff report having more time to deal with students on a personal level and not on a behavioral level.

  • Parents report feeling more positive about the school.

  • People look forward to Mondays, and Tuesdays, and….


What does a pbis school sound like
What does a PBIS school sound like?

  • Students receive at least 4 positive comments for every correction.

  • Students greet adults who enter the building.

  • Hallways are quieter.

  • Lunchrooms are less noisy.

  • Teachers are talking about academics instead of behaviors.


Don t be confused
Don’t be confused!

PBIS = PBS = EBS = SWD = SWPBS


Why do I always get

the worst class?


Why do I always get

the best class?


Alternative School

You’re Out!

jail

Admin

gangs


Cranklin covey
Cranklin Covey

Time Management Class Offered Daily

Learn how to turn 24 hours into 48 hours



Competing inter related national goals

Improve literacy, math, geography, science, etc.

Make schools safe, caring, & focused on teaching & learning

Improve student character & citizenship

Eliminate bullying

Prevent drug use

Least Restrictive Environment

Prepare for postsecondary education

Provide a free & appropriate education for all

Prepare viable workforce

Affect rates of high risk, antisocial behavior

Leave no child behind

Etc….

Competing, Inter-related National Goals




CONTINUUM OF

SCHOOL-WIDE

EFFECTIVE BEHAVIORAL

SUPPORT

~5%

~15%

Primary Prevention:

School-/Classroom-

Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

~80% of Students


CONTINUUM OF

SCHOOL-WIDE

POSITIVE BEHAVIOR

SUPPORT

~5%

Secondary Prevention:

Specialized Group

Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior

~15%

Primary Prevention:

School-/Classroom-

Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

~80% of Students


Tertiary Prevention:

Individualized

Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior

CONTINUUM OF

SCHOOL-WIDE

EFFECTIVE BEHAVIORAL

SUPPORT

~5%

Secondary Prevention:

Specialized Group

Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior

~15%

Primary Prevention:

School-/Classroom-

Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

~80% of Students



What about all the things we already do well
What about all the things we already do well? work of Drs. Sugai & Horner

  • The really nice thing about SW-PBS is that all those things you do well fit right into the whole system

  • This is a framework and puts a name on all those things and helps the entire staff work smarter not harder.


School-Wide Systems work of Drs. Sugai & Horner

Non Classroom

Settings

Classroom

Systems

Individual Student

Support Systems


What happens if we do not intervene

Three years after leaving school, 70% of antisocial youth have been arrested (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995)

82% of crimes are committed by people who have dropped out of school (APA Commission on Youth Violence, 1993)

What happens if we do not intervene?


What are our common responses

Clamp down on rule violators. have been arrested (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995)

Review rules & sanctions

Extend continuum of aversive consequences

Improve consistency of use of punishments

Establish “bottom line”

Notify and confer with parents (Lombardi et al., 1990)

What are our “common” responses?


Reactive responses are predictable

Situations are have been arrested (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995)aversiveto us so we select interventions that:

Produceimmediate relieffrom aversive

Modifyphysical environment

Assignresponsibilityfor change to student &/or others

Reactive responses are predictable….


Typical reactive responses

Zero tolerance policies have been arrested (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995)

Security guards, student uniforms, metal detectors, video cameras

Suspension/expulsion

Exclusionary options (e.g., alternative programs)

Typical reactive responses


But false sense of safety security

Fosters environments of control have been arrested (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995)

Occasions & reinforces antisocial behavior

Shifts accountability away from school

Devalues child-adult relationship

Weakens relationship between academic & social behavior programming

Research does not support effectiveness

But….false sense of safety/security!


What doesn t work

Reviews of over 600 studies on how to reduce school discipline problems indicate that the LEAST effective responses to school violence are:

Talking Therapies

Psychotherapy

Punishment

associated with INCREASED aggression, vandalism, truancy, tardiness, & dropouts

(Elliott, Hamburg & Williams, 1998; Gottfredson, 1996; Lipsey, 1991, 1992; Mayer, 1995; Mayer & Sulzer-Azeroff, 1990; Tolan & Guerra, 1994)

What doesn’t work


What Gives Bob? I’ve been collecting the data and you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Help ME!

Help ME!

Bob is stuck in the vicious loop of shampoo bottle

directions: Lather, Rinse , Repeat. Lather, Rinse, Repeat.


Lined up
Lined Up you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

I.S.S


Dolphin cove dunleith elementary
Dolphin Cove- Dunleith Elementary you’ve been in the shower for three days man.


What them kids need sic
“What them kids need….(sic)” you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

23 states still have no ban on corporal punishment…

US Dept of Education: Office of Civil Rights


State rank vs corporal punishment
State Rank vs. Corporal Punishment you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Top ten for paddling

Not outlawed

States unnamed to protect the innocent


What does work
What does work you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

  • Same research reviews indicate that the MOST effective response to school violence is a comprehensive approach that includes:

    • social skills training

    • academic restructuring

    • behavioral interventions


Challenge how do schools achieve capacity to
Challenge: How do schools achieve capacity to… you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

  • Respondeffectively, efficiently, & relevantlyto range of problem behaviors observed in schools

  • Engage inteam-based problem solving

  • Adopt, fit, &sustain research-based behavioral practices

  • Give priority tounified agenda of prevention


Major ideas for effective pbis
Major Ideas for Effective you’ve been in the shower for three days man.PBIS

  • 1. Invest in Prevention

    • Teach, Model, Practice, Monitor and Reward before resorting to punishment and exclusion.

    • Focus first on the social culture of the school

  • 2. Work Smarter

    • Combine rather than add initiatives

    • Work smarter


  • 3. Create durable “Systems of Support” you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

    • Select different systems based on the nature of the problem

  • 4. Prepare an implementation plan to “fit” the unique characteristics of your school.

    • Self-assessment

    • Different paths -- common outcomes

  • 5. Gather and use information for on-going decision-making


Social Competence & you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Academic Achievement

Supporting

Decision

Making

SYSTEMS

DATA

OUTCOMES

Supporting

Student

Behavior

Supporting

Staff

Behavior

PRACTICES


School wide systems
School-Wide Systems you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

1. Commonpurpose& approach to discipline

2. Clear set ofpositive expectations & behaviors

3. Procedures forteachingexpected behavior

4. Continuum of procedures forencouragingexpected behavior

5. Continuum of procedures fordiscouraging inappropriate behavior

6. Procedures for on-goingmonitoring& evaluation


School wide behavior expectations

For all students, across all settings you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Guidelines:

Keep to 5 or fewer

State positively

Use common & few words

Why?

Consistent communications

Consistent language

School-wide Behavior Expectations


Miss mutner liked to go over a few of her rules
Miss Mutner Liked to Go Over a Few of her rules... you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

No talking

No running

No sneezing

No betting

No looking out the window

No dorky hairstyles

No coughing

No laughing

No fighting

No swearing

No sleeping

No being a dork

No making fun of teacher

No flipping of fingers

No drugs

No weapons

No bringing animals to school

No looking at the clock

No looking out the window

No stupid remarks

No coming in late

No coming in early

No humming

No gum chewing

No gum popping

No sneering

No spitting

No farting

No whistling

No rolling your eyes

No clicking of teeth

No moving of feet under desk

No fainting

No sickness

No going to the bathroom off schedule

No crying

No snot sucking

No talking

No running

No sneezing

No betting

No looking out the window

No dorky hairstyles

No coughing

No laughing

No fighting

No swearing

No sleeping

No being a dork

No making fun of teacher

No flipping of fingers

No drugs

No weapons

No bringing animals to school

No looking at the clock

No looking out the window

No stupid remarks


School wide behavior expectations example

3 R’s for Centreville Middle School you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Be Respectful.

Be Responsible.

Be Resourceful.

School-wide Behavior Expectations Example:


School wide behavior expectations nonexample

Be obedient. you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

No fighting.

No drugs or weapons on the property.

Act responsibly.

School-wide Behavior ExpectationsNonexample:


School wide behavior expectations example1

PAWS you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Be Prompt.

Accept responsibility.

Work Hard.

Show respect.

School-wide Behavior Expectations Example:


Litmus test
Litmus Test you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

  • Would you write them up if they did the opposite?

  • Is it something they are capable of exhibiting in observable terms? (Does it show an action?)

  • Can you visualize what it looks like done well?


School wide behavior expectations example2

Fern Ridge Middle School’s you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

“High Five”

Be respectful.

Be responsible.

Be there and ready.

Keep hands and feet to yourself.

Follow adult directions the first time.

School-wide Behavior Expectations Example:


3 5 behavioral expectations
3-5 BEHAVIORAL EXPECTATIONS you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

RESPECT

*SELF

*OTHERS

*PROPERTY


3 Rs you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Respect Yourself

Respect Others

Respect Property


Be Respectful of: you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

elf

thers

S O S

urroundings


Respect you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Others

Self

Environment


School Rules you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

NO Food

No Weapons

NO Backpacks

NO Drugs/Smoking

NO Bullying


Reviewing strive for five
Reviewing Strive for Five you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

  • Be respectful.

  • Be safe.

  • Work peacefully.

  • Strive for excellence.

  • Follow directions.

McCormick Elem. MD 2003


Miller middle school
Miller Middle School you’ve been in the shower for three days man.


Villa rica es
Villa Rica ES you’ve been in the shower for three days man.


W you’ve been in the shower for three days man. = work hard

O = own your behavior

L = listen and learn

F = focus on respect


Teaching behavioral expectations

Telling is not teaching... you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

...and being told is not the same as being taught.

Teaching Behavioral Expectations


Lesson components for teaching behaviors
Lesson Components for Teaching Behaviors you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

  • Specific, positive statement of expectation.

  • Brief, age-appropriate rationale or explanation

  • Range of examples and non-examples

  • Activities that allow students identify/practice examples of the target behavior

  • Prompts to trigger the behavior in natural context (pre-corrections).

  • Feedback for displays in natural context (differential consequences: acknowledgements & corrections).


Procedures for teaching behaviors continued begin with a specific positive statement of expectation
Procedures for Teaching Behaviors you’ve been in the shower for three days man. (continued)Begin with a specific, positive statement of expectation.

One of our classroom rules is to respect others.

2. Provide students with a brief, age-appropriate rationale, explanation, or description.

If you want others to show respect to you, you must be respectful of others.

“You’ve gotta give it to get it.”


Classroom you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Bus

Hallway

Playground

Lunchroom

Accept Responsibility

Value Others & Self

Stay Safe

Teaching BehaviorsClearly specify what the school-wide behavior expectations “look like” across settings


Sample behavior expectation matrix
Sample Behavior Expectation Matrix you’ve been in the shower for three days man.


Sample behavioral expectation matrix
Sample Behavioral you’ve been in the shower for three days man.Expectation Matrix


Willis road es
Willis Road ES you’ve been in the shower for three days man.


Mcevoy ms
McEvoy MS you’ve been in the shower for three days man.


Miller ms cafeteria tabletop prompt
Miller MS you’ve been in the shower for three days man.Cafeteria Tabletop Prompt



Encouraging expected behaviors purpose of rewards acknowledgements
Encouraging Expected Behaviors BehaviorsPurpose of Rewards/ Acknowledgements

  • Teach new behaviors

  • Encourage/establish infrequent and non-fluent behavior

  • Strengthen replacement behaviors that compete with habitual undesirable behavior


Encouraging expected behaviors positive reinforcement
Encouraging Expected Behaviors BehaviorsPositive reinforcement

Over time, reinforcement moves from

  • Tangible to social

  • External to internal

  • Frequent to infrequent

  • Predictable to unpredictable


Encouraging expected behaviors important considerations
Encouraging Expected Behaviors Behaviors Important Considerations

Adequacy of incentives

  • Likelihood a given student will be acknowledged.

  • Likelihood that those who need it most believe there’s a chance they can achieve long-term goals/rewards.

    Potential pitfalls of a response cost system

  • Students’ perceived risk of losing what they’ve earned.

  • Getting too far in the hole to dig your way out.


Acknowledgements caught ya being good
Acknowledgements BehaviorsCaught Ya Being Good!


Acknowledgements caught ya being good1
Acknowledgements BehaviorsCaught Ya Being Good!


Rutland ms
Rutland MS Behaviors


Willis road es1
Willis Road ES Behaviors


Willis road es2
Willis Road ES Behaviors


Villa rica es1
Villa Rica ES Behaviors


Willis road es3
Willis Road ES Behaviors


Acknowledgements caught ya being good2
Acknowledgements BehaviorsCaught Ya Being Good!

Purposes:

  • To prompt teachers/staff to acknowledge students who increase

  • To deliver feedback to students who begin displaying new desired behaviors (“the rules”) that have been previously taught.


How can parents be part of this
How can parents be part of this? Behaviors

  • There are many ways you can support SWPBS…Here are some examples:


Gotchas
Gotchas Behaviors

  • When your child comes home with a gotcha make a big deal out of it:

    • Ask them what behavioral expectation they were caught doing.

    • Help tie that to home. If they say, “I was caught respecting others.” Ask your child what that would look like at home, in the mall, at the baseball field etc.


Reward your child with
Reward your child with: Behaviors

  • Time and attention – not snacks or food

    • Let them choose what you fix for dinner that night

    • Let them help cook dinner

    • Let them choose what the family watches on television

    • Let them choose the movie you go see that weekend

    • Let them choose bedtime stories etc.


Volunteer
Volunteer Behaviors

  • Go up to the school and volunteer to pass out “gotchas”

    • Parents could take one day a month and spend a lunch hour passing out gotchas to students.


Reward adults for giving out gotchas
Reward adults for giving out gotchas Behaviors

  • Here are some ideas of ways you can volunteer- the more you reward the adults the more they will remember to give out gotchas.


Transportation
Transportation Behaviors

  • Adult transportation winners

    • Special parking in front of the school

    • Valet parking

    • Coupon for one of the following:

      • Leave school early one day

      • Free snack from vending machine

      • Goody bag with pens, pencils, sticky notes etc.

      • Wear jeans on another day

Valet Parking

Tammy Bilson….come on in. You’re the next contestant in the “gotcha” was great.



Rewards for all the staff
Rewards for all the staff Behaviors

Just “Batty” about the way you handle working with students!



Golden light bulb award
Golden light bulb award Behaviors

  • For the staff member who comes up with a good idea and shares it with others


Juan valdez award
Juan Valdez Award Behaviors

  • Or the Juan Valdez Award, given to a thoughtful staff member who routinely made coffee for others in the office.

Juan Valdez Award


Top dog award
Top Dog Award Behaviors

TOP DOG AWARD


Ways to catch em being good
Ways to Catch ‘Em Being Good Behaviors

Dundalk Elementary- Maryland

Charm – clasp moves

start

Move forward 1 for every compliment- back 4 for every reprimand



Heroes in the classroom award
Heroes in the Classroom Award Behaviors

Seattle Seahawks surprised teachers and gave out awards for excellence in the classroom at an assembly






University discount
University Discount valued….

  • Solicit discounts from/for nearby university for college credit courses- scholarships opportunities for classes

    • Master’s programs

    • Certification programs

    • Behavior courses


Rewards
Rewards valued….

  • Help the school develop rewards for adults to give to students:



Awards for adults
Awards for Adults valued….

  • Take the Golden Plunger Award in which a toilet plunger was spray painted gold and given ceremoniously to a staff member. The reason? To reward the risk-taking staff member for plunging into an assignment.


Classroom rewards
Classroom rewards valued….

  • Golden Wastebasket Award



Whale of a job
Whale of a job valued….



Soc it 2 ya best manners in p e award
“Soc-it-2-ya” Best Manners in P.E. Award valued….

Soc-it-2-ya Best Manners in PE Award




Cafeteria reward
Cafeteria Reward valued….

Shady Spring Elementary in Maryland- students earn petals on flowers in hallway. The petals are given by cafeteria staff for excellent behavior in lunchroom. They earn a group reward for the class.


Individual student awards
Individual Student Awards valued….

  • Way to be Royally Unique




Safety first
Safety First tie off the principal

Westchester Elementary- Missouri


Zero the hero eats lunch with students
Zero the hero eats lunch with students tie off the principal

Eat lunch as a costumed character if no office discipline referrals occur the day before….

Greg Oborny from Regency Place Elementary- Olathe , Kansas


Catch them coming and going
Catch them coming and going….. tie off the principal


The class with the most gotchas gets to
The class with the most “gotchas” gets to…. tie off the principal

  • Wash the car of the teacher who passed out the most gotchas

  • Serve lunch to the teachers with the most gotchas (Baked Potato Bar) (Taco Bar) (Ice Cream Sundae Bar)

  • Play games like Clue or Guess with teachers who had the most gotchas during an extended lunch break

  • Run the school “haunted obstacle course” for the PE teacher

  • Put on karaoke singing and dancing for the lunch bunch


  • Watch D.O.G.S. tie off the principal

    • Program Goal

      • To help every school in America be positively influenced by the committed involvement of fathers


Gentlemen of distinction
Gentlemen of Distinction tie off the principal

  • Gentlemen of Distinction is an after school program targeting African American boys from low income neighborhoods who have had a history of drugs in their families. These boys range from 6 to 12 years of age.

    • These boys receive tutoring three times a week, history, martial arts and piano. They attend field trips which are geared towards expanding their cultural horizons. volunteers are always welcome to help plan and participate in special activities.

Texas Group


Girl power
Girl Power tie off the principal

  • KU Medical Students mentor children in the KCK school district

    • Support group concentrating on academics, life skills and prevention.

    • Elementary and middle school programs


Beach party
Beach Party tie off the principal

Beach Party for all students with zero “ODR’s”


Reward
Reward tie off the principal

  • Help other parents connect with the school by organizing training, meetings, and rewards for parents


Expanding knowledge
Expanding Knowledge tie off the principal

  • PTO/PTA sponsored education resource library for school staff and parents (lending library)

    • Books

    • Videos/DVDs

    • Compact disks

    • Computer programs

  • After school classes for parents on:

    • Parenting

    • Behavior

    • Special needs

    • Algebra brush up (etc.)

    • Music lessons for parents

    • Technology lessons


Sponsor family nights at school
Sponsor Family Nights at School tie off the principal

Colorado Family Game Night

Arkansas Math Night

Terrific Kid Family Night in South Carolina


Jiffy lube
Jiffy Lube tie off the principal

Dear Parents,

We at Jiffy Lube commend you on sending your child to school with such great mentoring that they earned a gotcha for having excellent behavior.

Please bring in the attached coupon for $10 off your next oil change or Jiffy Lube Service.


Pizza hut
Pizza Hut tie off the principal

Dear Parents,

Congratulations. Your child earned a “gotcha” for exhibiting excellent behavior at school.

We would like to honor your family with one free one topping medium pizza for free.

Bring this coupon in to pick up or dine in your local Pizza Hut.


The apprentice
The Apprentice…. tie off the principal

HYPER MART

SUPER GROCERIES

Dear Parents,

Your child’s name was drawn from a large group of students who received “gotchas” for exhibiting excellent behavior. We at Hyper Mart Super Groceries would like to thank you for sending such a great child to school. It would be our honor if you would have your child come to Hen House this Saturday at 8:00 a.m.

Your child will spend the day learning what it takes to run a grocery store from accounting, stocking, bagging, registers, announcements, coupons, etc. They will personally spend the day with me and lunch will be provided in our deli.

You may pick up your child at 4:00 p.m.


Rally parents
Rally Parents tie off the principal

  • Rally parents to assist with rewards for students- notice the following rewards are ways for students to get attention for their excellent behavior.


Www vistaprint com
www.vistaprint.com tie off the principal


Www vistaprint com1
www.vistaprint.com tie off the principal


Www vistaprint com2
www.vistaprint.com tie off the principal


Www vistaprint com3
www.vistaprint.com tie off the principal


Www vistaprint com4
www.vistaprint.com tie off the principal


Www vistaprint com5
www.vistaprint.com tie off the principal


Review
Review tie off the principal

  • Review the behavioral expectations with your child each morning before they leave for school.

  • Ask your child during dinner to give you an example of how they “showed respect for others” (whatever the expectations for the school are)

  • If your child has limited abilities: Make a PowerPoint of your child using the behavioral expectations appropriately and show this movie to your child daily.


Share
Share tie off the principal

  • Tell others in the community about school-wide PBS

  • Help get positive attention for the school through news and media outlets

  • Help get business support for rewards for staff and students

  • Help get political support by writing to your congress and letting them know the good things that are going on in your child’s school

  • Write to Oprah and ask her to do a show about PBIS


More information
More information tie off the principal

  • For more information visit:

    • www.pbis.org

    • www.pbismaryland.org


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