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School-wide Positive Behavior Support for Parents. Laura A. Riffel, Ph.D. Copyright Infringement.

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copyright infringement
Property of Behavior Doctor Seminars copyright 2009 –

original author must be given credit

Copyright Infringement
  • It has come to my attention that someone has been copying these slides and changing the title page and claiming them to be their own. I post these on the website to share, however, credit to the original author is not only legally required, it is socially appropriate. Violators will be contacted and dealt with via whatever means are required by the infringement. It is called plagiarism.
  • While the ideas in this PPT are not all original, the compiling and artwork are copyright protected. I give credit to original authors during my trainings for each of the ideas within and that is not something that one would know unless they were the originators of this PPT presentation.
  • For the above reason, all PPT slides are now saved in pdf format only – so it will be more difficult to change slides.
  • Thank you to those of you who have used these slides appropriately and I apologize to you.
what does a pbis school look like
What does a PBIS school look like?
  • 20-80% reduction in Office Discipline Referrals
  • 3-5 Behavioral Expectations are posted, taught, modeled, practiced and rewarded.
  • Administrator is an active participant on the PBIS team.
  • Continuum of behavior support is available to all students.
  • Children are caught being good.
what does a pbis school feel like
What does a PBIS school feel like?
  • Students report feeling safer
  • Teacher’s report higher morale and less turnover rate.
  • Administrative staff report having more time to deal with students on a personal level and not on a behavioral level.
  • Parents report feeling more positive about the school.
  • People look forward to Mondays, and Tuesdays, and….
what does a pbis school sound like
What does a PBIS school sound like?
  • Students receive at least 4 positive comments for every correction.
  • Students greet adults who enter the building.
  • Hallways are quieter.
  • Lunchrooms are less noisy.
  • Teachers are talking about academics instead of behaviors.
don t be confused
Don’t be confused!



Why do I always get

the worst class?


Why do I always get

the best class?


Alternative School

You’re Out!




cranklin covey
Cranklin Covey

Time Management Class Offered Daily

Learn how to turn 24 hours into 48 hours

competing inter related national goals
Improve literacy, math, geography, science, etc.

Make schools safe, caring, & focused on teaching & learning

Improve student character & citizenship

Eliminate bullying

Prevent drug use

Least Restrictive Environment

Prepare for postsecondary education

Provide a free & appropriate education for all

Prepare viable workforce

Affect rates of high risk, antisocial behavior

Leave no child behind


Competing, Inter-related National Goals







Primary Prevention:


Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

~80% of Students







Secondary Prevention:

Specialized Group

Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior


Primary Prevention:


Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

~80% of Students


Tertiary Prevention:


Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior






Secondary Prevention:

Specialized Group

Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior


Primary Prevention:


Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

~80% of Students

what about all the things we already do well
What about all the things we already do well?
  • The really nice thing about SW-PBS is that all those things you do well fit right into the whole system
  • This is a framework and puts a name on all those things and helps the entire staff work smarter not harder.

School-Wide Systems

Non Classroom




Individual Student

Support Systems

what happens if we do not intervene
Three years after leaving school, 70% of antisocial youth have been arrested (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995)

82% of crimes are committed by people who have dropped out of school (APA Commission on Youth Violence, 1993)

What happens if we do not intervene?
what are our common responses
Clamp down on rule violators.

Review rules & sanctions

Extend continuum of aversive consequences

Improve consistency of use of punishments

Establish “bottom line”

Notify and confer with parents (Lombardi et al., 1990)

What are our “common” responses?
reactive responses are predictable
Situations areaversiveto us so we select interventions that:

Produceimmediate relieffrom aversive

Modifyphysical environment

Assignresponsibilityfor change to student &/or others

Reactive responses are predictable….
typical reactive responses
Zero tolerance policies

Security guards, student uniforms, metal detectors, video cameras


Exclusionary options (e.g., alternative programs)

Typical reactive responses
but false sense of safety security
Fosters environments of control

Occasions & reinforces antisocial behavior

Shifts accountability away from school

Devalues child-adult relationship

Weakens relationship between academic & social behavior programming

Research does not support effectiveness

But….false sense of safety/security!
what doesn t work
Reviews of over 600 studies on how to reduce school discipline problems indicate that the LEAST effective responses to school violence are:

Talking Therapies



associated with INCREASED aggression, vandalism, truancy, tardiness, & dropouts

(Elliott, Hamburg & Williams, 1998; Gottfredson, 1996; Lipsey, 1991, 1992; Mayer, 1995; Mayer & Sulzer-Azeroff, 1990; Tolan & Guerra, 1994)

What doesn’t work

What Gives Bob? I’ve been collecting the data and you’ve been in the shower for three days man.

Help ME!

Help ME!

Bob is stuck in the vicious loop of shampoo bottle

directions: Lather, Rinse , Repeat. Lather, Rinse, Repeat.

what them kids need sic
“What them kids need….(sic)”

23 states still have no ban on corporal punishment…

US Dept of Education: Office of Civil Rights

state rank vs corporal punishment
State Rank vs. Corporal Punishment

Top ten for paddling

Not outlawed

States unnamed to protect the innocent

what does work
What does work
  • Same research reviews indicate that the MOST effective response to school violence is a comprehensive approach that includes:
    • social skills training
    • academic restructuring
    • behavioral interventions
challenge how do schools achieve capacity to
Challenge: How do schools achieve capacity to…
  • Respondeffectively, efficiently, & relevantlyto range of problem behaviors observed in schools
  • Engage inteam-based problem solving
  • Adopt, fit, &sustain research-based behavioral practices
  • Give priority tounified agenda of prevention
major ideas for effective pbis
Major Ideas for Effective PBIS
  • 1. Invest in Prevention
    • Teach, Model, Practice, Monitor and Reward before resorting to punishment and exclusion.
    • Focus first on the social culture of the school
  • 2. Work Smarter
    • Combine rather than add initiatives
    • Work smarter
3. Create durable “Systems of Support”
    • Select different systems based on the nature of the problem
  • 4. Prepare an implementation plan to “fit” the unique characteristics of your school.
    • Self-assessment
    • Different paths -- common outcomes
  • 5. Gather and use information for on-going decision-making

Social Competence &

Academic Achievement














school wide systems
School-Wide Systems

1. Commonpurpose& approach to discipline

2. Clear set ofpositive expectations & behaviors

3. Procedures forteachingexpected behavior

4. Continuum of procedures forencouragingexpected behavior

5. Continuum of procedures fordiscouraging inappropriate behavior

6. Procedures for on-goingmonitoring& evaluation

school wide behavior expectations
For all students, across all settings


Keep to 5 or fewer

State positively

Use common & few words


Consistent communications

Consistent language

School-wide Behavior Expectations
miss mutner liked to go over a few of her rules
Miss Mutner Liked to Go Over a Few of her rules...

No talking

No running

No sneezing

No betting

No looking out the window

No dorky hairstyles

No coughing

No laughing

No fighting

No swearing

No sleeping

No being a dork

No making fun of teacher

No flipping of fingers

No drugs

No weapons

No bringing animals to school

No looking at the clock

No looking out the window

No stupid remarks

No coming in late

No coming in early

No humming

No gum chewing

No gum popping

No sneering

No spitting

No farting

No whistling

No rolling your eyes

No clicking of teeth

No moving of feet under desk

No fainting

No sickness

No going to the bathroom off schedule

No crying

No snot sucking

No talking

No running

No sneezing

No betting

No looking out the window

No dorky hairstyles

No coughing

No laughing

No fighting

No swearing

No sleeping

No being a dork

No making fun of teacher

No flipping of fingers

No drugs

No weapons

No bringing animals to school

No looking at the clock

No looking out the window

No stupid remarks

school wide behavior expectations nonexample
Be obedient.

No fighting.

No drugs or weapons on the property.

Act responsibly.

School-wide Behavior ExpectationsNonexample:
school wide behavior expectations example1

Be Prompt.

Accept responsibility.

Work Hard.

Show respect.

School-wide Behavior Expectations Example:
litmus test
Litmus Test
  • Would you write them up if they did the opposite?
  • Is it something they are capable of exhibiting in observable terms? (Does it show an action?)
  • Can you visualize what it looks like done well?
school wide behavior expectations example2
Fern Ridge Middle School’s

“High Five”

Be respectful.

Be responsible.

Be there and ready.

Keep hands and feet to yourself.

Follow adult directions the first time.

School-wide Behavior Expectations Example:
3 5 behavioral expectations





3 Rs

Respect Yourself

Respect Others

Respect Property


Be Respectful of:











School Rules

NO Food

No Weapons

NO Backpacks

NO Drugs/Smoking

NO Bullying

reviewing strive for five
Reviewing Strive for Five
  • Be respectful.
  • Be safe.
  • Work peacefully.
  • Strive for excellence.
  • Follow directions.

McCormick Elem. MD 2003

W = work hard

O = own your behavior

L = listen and learn

F = focus on respect

teaching behavioral expectations
Telling is not teaching...

...and being told is not the same as being taught.

Teaching Behavioral Expectations
lesson components for teaching behaviors
Lesson Components for Teaching Behaviors
  • Specific, positive statement of expectation.
  • Brief, age-appropriate rationale or explanation
  • Range of examples and non-examples
  • Activities that allow students identify/practice examples of the target behavior
  • Prompts to trigger the behavior in natural context (pre-corrections).
  • Feedback for displays in natural context (differential consequences: acknowledgements & corrections).
procedures for teaching behaviors continued begin with a specific positive statement of expectation
Procedures for Teaching Behaviors (continued)Begin with a specific, positive statement of expectation.

One of our classroom rules is to respect others.

2. Provide students with a brief, age-appropriate rationale, explanation, or description.

If you want others to show respect to you, you must be respectful of others.

“You’ve gotta give it to get it.”







Accept Responsibility

Value Others & Self

Stay Safe

Teaching BehaviorsClearly specify what the school-wide behavior expectations “look like” across settings
encouraging expected behaviors purpose of rewards acknowledgements
Encouraging Expected Behaviors Purpose of Rewards/ Acknowledgements
  • Teach new behaviors
  • Encourage/establish infrequent and non-fluent behavior
  • Strengthen replacement behaviors that compete with habitual undesirable behavior
encouraging expected behaviors positive reinforcement
Encouraging Expected Behaviors Positive reinforcement

Over time, reinforcement moves from

  • Tangible to social
  • External to internal
  • Frequent to infrequent
  • Predictable to unpredictable
encouraging expected behaviors important considerations
Encouraging Expected Behaviors Important Considerations

Adequacy of incentives

  • Likelihood a given student will be acknowledged.
  • Likelihood that those who need it most believe there’s a chance they can achieve long-term goals/rewards.

Potential pitfalls of a response cost system

  • Students’ perceived risk of losing what they’ve earned.
  • Getting too far in the hole to dig your way out.
acknowledgements caught ya being good2
AcknowledgementsCaught Ya Being Good!


  • To prompt teachers/staff to acknowledge students who increase
  • To deliver feedback to students who begin displaying new desired behaviors (“the rules”) that have been previously taught.
how can parents be part of this
How can parents be part of this?
  • There are many ways you can support SWPBS…Here are some examples:
  • When your child comes home with a gotcha make a big deal out of it:
    • Ask them what behavioral expectation they were caught doing.
    • Help tie that to home. If they say, “I was caught respecting others.” Ask your child what that would look like at home, in the mall, at the baseball field etc.
reward your child with
Reward your child with:
  • Time and attention – not snacks or food
    • Let them choose what you fix for dinner that night
    • Let them help cook dinner
    • Let them choose what the family watches on television
    • Let them choose the movie you go see that weekend
    • Let them choose bedtime stories etc.
  • Go up to the school and volunteer to pass out “gotchas”
    • Parents could take one day a month and spend a lunch hour passing out gotchas to students.
reward adults for giving out gotchas
Reward adults for giving out gotchas
  • Here are some ideas of ways you can volunteer- the more you reward the adults the more they will remember to give out gotchas.
  • Adult transportation winners
    • Special parking in front of the school
    • Valet parking
    • Coupon for one of the following:
        • Leave school early one day
        • Free snack from vending machine
        • Goody bag with pens, pencils, sticky notes etc.
        • Wear jeans on another day

Valet Parking

Tammy Bilson….come on in. You’re the next contestant in the “gotcha” was great.

rewards for all the staff
Rewards for all the staff

Just “Batty” about the way you handle working with students!

golden light bulb award
Golden light bulb award
  • For the staff member who comes up with a good idea and shares it with others
juan valdez award
Juan Valdez Award
  • Or the Juan Valdez Award, given to a thoughtful staff member who routinely made coffee for others in the office.

Juan Valdez Award

top dog award
Top Dog Award


ways to catch em being good
Ways to Catch ‘Em Being Good

Dundalk Elementary- Maryland

Charm – clasp moves


Move forward 1 for every compliment- back 4 for every reprimand

heroes in the classroom award
Heroes in the Classroom Award

Seattle Seahawks surprised teachers and gave out awards for excellence in the classroom at an assembly

university discount
University Discount
  • Solicit discounts from/for nearby university for college credit courses- scholarships opportunities for classes
    • Master’s programs
    • Certification programs
    • Behavior courses
  • Help the school develop rewards for adults to give to students:
awards for adults
Awards for Adults
  • Take the Golden Plunger Award in which a toilet plunger was spray painted gold and given ceremoniously to a staff member. The reason? To reward the risk-taking staff member for plunging into an assignment.
classroom rewards
Classroom rewards
  • Golden Wastebasket Award
soc it 2 ya best manners in p e award
“Soc-it-2-ya” Best Manners in P.E. Award

Soc-it-2-ya Best Manners in PE Award

cafeteria reward
Cafeteria Reward

Shady Spring Elementary in Maryland- students earn petals on flowers in hallway. The petals are given by cafeteria staff for excellent behavior in lunchroom. They earn a group reward for the class.

individual student awards
Individual Student Awards
  • Way to be Royally Unique
safety first
Safety First

Westchester Elementary- Missouri

zero the hero eats lunch with students
Zero the hero eats lunch with students

Eat lunch as a costumed character if no office discipline referrals occur the day before….

Greg Oborny from Regency Place Elementary- Olathe , Kansas

the class with the most gotchas gets to
The class with the most “gotchas” gets to….
  • Wash the car of the teacher who passed out the most gotchas
  • Serve lunch to the teachers with the most gotchas (Baked Potato Bar) (Taco Bar) (Ice Cream Sundae Bar)
  • Play games like Clue or Guess with teachers who had the most gotchas during an extended lunch break
  • Run the school “haunted obstacle course” for the PE teacher
  • Put on karaoke singing and dancing for the lunch bunch

Watch D.O.G.S.

    • Program Goal
      • To help every school in America be positively influenced by the committed involvement of fathers
gentlemen of distinction
Gentlemen of Distinction
  • Gentlemen of Distinction is an after school program targeting African American boys from low income neighborhoods who have had a history of drugs in their families. These boys range from 6 to 12 years of age.
    • These boys receive tutoring three times a week, history, martial arts and piano. They attend field trips which are geared towards expanding their cultural horizons. volunteers are always welcome to help plan and participate in special activities.

Texas Group

girl power
Girl Power
  • KU Medical Students mentor children in the KCK school district
    • Support group concentrating on academics, life skills and prevention.
    • Elementary and middle school programs
beach party
Beach Party

Beach Party for all students with zero “ODR’s”

  • Help other parents connect with the school by organizing training, meetings, and rewards for parents
expanding knowledge
Expanding Knowledge
  • PTO/PTA sponsored education resource library for school staff and parents (lending library)
    • Books
    • Videos/DVDs
    • Compact disks
    • Computer programs
  • After school classes for parents on:
    • Parenting
    • Behavior
    • Special needs
    • Algebra brush up (etc.)
    • Music lessons for parents
    • Technology lessons
sponsor family nights at school
Sponsor Family Nights at School

Colorado Family Game Night

Arkansas Math Night

Terrific Kid Family Night in South Carolina

jiffy lube
Jiffy Lube

Dear Parents,

We at Jiffy Lube commend you on sending your child to school with such great mentoring that they earned a gotcha for having excellent behavior.

Please bring in the attached coupon for $10 off your next oil change or Jiffy Lube Service.

pizza hut
Pizza Hut

Dear Parents,

Congratulations. Your child earned a “gotcha” for exhibiting excellent behavior at school.

We would like to honor your family with one free one topping medium pizza for free.

Bring this coupon in to pick up or dine in your local Pizza Hut.

the apprentice
The Apprentice….



Dear Parents,

Your child’s name was drawn from a large group of students who received “gotchas” for exhibiting excellent behavior. We at Hyper Mart Super Groceries would like to thank you for sending such a great child to school. It would be our honor if you would have your child come to Hen House this Saturday at 8:00 a.m.

Your child will spend the day learning what it takes to run a grocery store from accounting, stocking, bagging, registers, announcements, coupons, etc. They will personally spend the day with me and lunch will be provided in our deli.

You may pick up your child at 4:00 p.m.

rally parents
Rally Parents
  • Rally parents to assist with rewards for students- notice the following rewards are ways for students to get attention for their excellent behavior.
  • Review the behavioral expectations with your child each morning before they leave for school.
  • Ask your child during dinner to give you an example of how they “showed respect for others” (whatever the expectations for the school are)
  • If your child has limited abilities: Make a PowerPoint of your child using the behavioral expectations appropriately and show this movie to your child daily.
  • Tell others in the community about school-wide PBS
  • Help get positive attention for the school through news and media outlets
  • Help get business support for rewards for staff and students
  • Help get political support by writing to your congress and letting them know the good things that are going on in your child’s school
  • Write to Oprah and ask her to do a show about PBIS
more information
More information
  • For more information visit: