lecture 29
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Lecture 29

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Lecture 29 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 256 Views
  • Uploaded on

Lecture 29. It - Patterns. 29.1 Empty it and anticipatory it It may be useful to give a summary of the chief uses of empty it and anticipatory it .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Lecture 29' - lotus


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
lecture 29

Lecture29

It - Patterns

slide2
29.1 Empty it and anticipatory it

It may be useful to give a summary of the chief uses of empty it and anticipatory it.

slide3
Empty itEmpty it does not refer to anything, as distinguished from the third person singular, neutral pronoun. It is meaningless and is chiefly used as formal subject in sentences denoting time, place, distance, and atmospheric conditions.
slide4
Empty it , as formal subject, also occurs in sentences denoting a general situation, e.g.:It has fared well with him.It was dull when Mary was away.
slide5
Empty it also occurs in some idioms where it functions as formal object or prepositional complementation, e.g.:You will catch it for breaking the glasses.Jack has a hard time of it.
slide6
2) Anticipatory itanticipatory it commonly occurs in sentences with a nominal clause as subject or object.
slide7
The subject/ object clauses is usually shifted to the end of the sentence, leaving the vacancy to be filled in by an anticipatory it. The extraposed subject / object may be a finite clause or a non-finite clause.
slide8
For this kind of subject/object, extraposition is more frequent than its natural position, e.g.:It was not known whether there was gold left in the mine.He made it clear that he didn’t want to speak to me.
slide9
29.2 It as introductory word of cleft sentences1) Cleft sentence definedA cleft sentence is an emphatic construction with non0referring it as formal subject.
slide12
Generally speaking, except the predicator, almost all the elements of a statement can be singled out as the focal element .
slide13
The predicator may be a simple form of the verb be; it may also be a complex verb phrase with a form of the verb be as headword:It was then that he gave her a bag.It might have been then that he gave her a bag.
slide14
There are restrictions on the use of subject complement as focal element, but in the case of object complement, there is no such restriction, e.g.:He is intelligent.*It is intelligent that he is.
slide15
2) Introductory it in cleft sentence vs. anticipatory itThe introductory it of a cleft sentence is functionally different from an anticipatory it: the introductory it does not stand for any extraposed subject, while an anticipatory it does.
slide16
3)Pseudo-cleft sentencesIf we want to spotlight the verb phrase, we will have to use what is called “pseudo-cleft sentence”.
slide17
I gave her a handbag.What I did was (to) give her a handbag.He will be taking a plane to Beijing.What he will be doing is taking a plane to Beijing.He has given her a handbag.What he has done is to give / give / given her a handbag.
slide18
Another type is composed of “what clause + be + noun phrase”:what he gave her was a handbag.A handbag was what he gave her.
ad