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Winter Olympics Created by Second Graders at Lincoln Elementary School. February 2002 Here is how to learn about the Winter Olympic sports! Click on one of the buttons below, located on each page, to see information and pictures about the sport.

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Slide1 l.jpg

Winter Olympics

Created by Second Graders at Lincoln Elementary School.

February 2002


Here is how to learn about the winter olympic sports l.jpg
Here is how to learn about the Winter Olympic sports!

Click on one of the buttons below, located on each page, to see information and pictures about the sport.

Click on the house to get to the first slide. Click the arrows to move one slide forward or backward. You can also see the next slide by clicking anywhere on the screen or hitting the space bar.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Alpine events l.jpg
Alpine Events

Alpine Skiing

There are five Olympic alpine events: super G, downhill, slalom, giant slalom and combined.

-Maranda

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Skiing History

Apine Skiing

It was believed that Norwegians were the first to introduce skiing. They used skis when they hunted. Alpine skiing became part of the winter Olympic games in 1936.

-Joseph

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Alpine skis l.jpg
Alpine Skis

Alpine Skiing

Alpine skiers wear skis that measure a certain size. This helps them to do their best.

-Nick R.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Ski Poles

Alpine Skiing

The ski poles used in alpine skiing are curved. This allows the poles to fit around the body.

-Alec B.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Uniform

Alpine Skiing

Alpine skiers wear a skin-tight racing suit, ski goggles, boots, gloves, and a helmet. This equipment protects the skier and the suit helps with speed.

-Jodeci

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



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The Biathlon

Biathlon

In the biathlon there is a combination of cross-country skiing and shooting. The first Olympic biathlon took place in California in 1960.

-Frankie

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Equipment l.jpg
Equipment

Biathlon

The types of equipment used in a biathon are a target, skis, and a .22 caliber rifle. In competitions, a metal target is used. The rifle is lightweight.

-Tyler G.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Sprint Race

Biathlon

In a sprint race, women race 7.5 kilometers and men race 10 kilometers, skiing a total of three loops. They shoot five targets with five bullets.

-Krysta

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Pursuit Race

Biathlon

In a pursuit race, the competitors stop four times and must hit all five targets with five bullets. If they miss, they take a lap around the penalty loop.

-Brandon

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Relay Race

Biathlon

In a biathlon relay race there is a team of four competitors. Each person takes a turn. They have eight bullets to hit five targets. If targets are left standing, they have to go around the penalty loop.

-Lindsey D.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Individual Event Race

Biathlon

In an individual event race, women race 15 kilometers and men race 10 kilometers. The skiers ski three loops. They shoot five rounds in a prone position and next they shoot in a standing position.

-Thaddeus

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



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Bobsledding

Bobsled

The bobsled faces down a steep ice-covered track, sometimes reaching speeds of 80 miles per hour. One error could mean disaster. At this speed, a crash could result in serious injury or death. The athletes must work as a team.

-Tyre

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Bobsledding

Bobsled

Racing a bobsled is something like riding a roller coaster down an ice-covered track.

-Hailey

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Sleds

Bobsled

Bobsleds come in two sizes, one for two-man teams and the other for four-man teams. The sled for two cannot weigh more then 859 pounds, including the riders. A four-man sled must be less than 1,389 pounds.

-Alayna

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The track l.jpg
The Track

Bobsled

The track is called a “bobrun”. It has 500 meters of twists and turns. They are concrete chutes that are refrigerated for the best ice conditions.

-Nick B.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Sledders

Bobsled

Sledders have a running start. They jump into the bobsled. The front man, or pilot, steers. The last man, or brakeman, controls the speed of the sled.

-Rachel

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Uniform

Bobsled

The athletes wear a special light-weight suit that keeps them very warm and protected.

-Linzy

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Cross country skiing l.jpg

Cross-Country

Cross-country Skiing

Instead of skiing on

snow and going down hills, cross-country athletes ski across flat ground.

-Jacob T.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Uniform

Cross-Country

They wear helmets, masks, goggles, and a suit to protect them from getting hurt by icy snow because they can slide.

-Brianna H.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The equipment l.jpg
The Equipment

Cross-Country

You need two skis that attach onto your heavy boots. You need two ski poles used to dig into the snow to pull you along. It is a good idea to wear gloves to keep your hands warm and to help grip the poles. Elbows and knee pads protect your body from crashes.

-Logan

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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The Track

Cross-Country

Cross-Country skiing is a Nordic ski sport. The race distance is 5 to 50 km. The trails have two tracks in the snow so the skiers have a path to follow.

-Tisha

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Curling l.jpg

Curling

Curling

Curling is a game played on ice. You need a stone and a bristle broom. Each player slides two stones toward the target.

-Logan

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Curlers

Curling

Athletes wear matching shirts, pants, and boots. Curlers use a stone and a bristle broom on the ice. The stone weighs 42 pounds, so a lot of athletes fall during the events.

-Robby

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Curling31 l.jpg
Curling

Curling

Curling probably began in Scotland and the Netherlands about 400 year ago.

-Tyre

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



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Skating History

Figure Skating

Figure skating began in America in the early 1900’s. Jackson Haines introduced figure skating. He was a very good skater.

-Ashley

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The costumes l.jpg
The Costumes

Figure Skating

Competitive figure skaters need to wear comfortable clothes. Women wear a skirt, top, and tights. Men wear full-length pants and a shirt. Costumes are beautiful with beads and sparkles.

-Marisa

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Peggy Fleming

Figure Skating

In 1967, Peggy Fleming was a World Champion Skater. In 1968, she won the U.S. national title five times. She was a huge star when she won in the Olympics that year.

-Brianna M.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The skates l.jpg
The Skates

Figure Skating

The three types of skates are figure skates, hockey skates, and speed skates. Figure skates have toe picks which are like teeth. Hockey skates don’t have toe picks. Speed skates have the longest blades.

-Savannah

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



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Freestyle Aerials

Freestyle

In freestyle aerials, skiers ski down a run jump called a kicker. Then they perform twist flips and spins in mid-air. These athletes wear ski suits, plastic helmets, and goggles.

-Marc

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Aerial history l.jpg
Aerial History

Freestyle

Freestyle aerial skiing was introduced in the 1960’s by Stein Eriksen, a former Olympic champion. He did a flip off a bump of snow. In the early 1980’s, freestyle aerial skiing was accepted by the International Ski Federation.

-Michael K.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


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Freestyle Aerials

Freestyle

In freestyle aerials, the skiers are judged on take-off, execution, landing, and control. In the Olympics, the skier performs two jumps, with both scores combined to equal a total score. The

skier with the most points gets the gold medal!

-Jacob B.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Moguls l.jpg
Moguls

Freestyle

If you do freestyle moguls, you go over mounds of snow and you have to jump off two eight-foot jumps and perform tricks like twister, helicopter, iron cross, daffy and kosac. They wear skis, hats, goggles, gloves, water-proof outerwear and knee pads.

-Erik

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Hockey l.jpg
Hockey

Hockey

When the referee puts down the puck, a player from each team begins passing it.

-Paul

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The rink l.jpg
The Rink

Hockey

The rink is a rectangle with rounded edges. It has a fence, glass wall, or a net around it.

-Tyler C.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The skates45 l.jpg
The Skates

Hockey

The three types of skates are figure skates, hockey skates, and speed skates. Figure skates have toe picks which are like teeth. Hockey skates don’t have toe picks. Speed skates have the longest blades.

-Savannah

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Protection l.jpg
Protection

Hockey

Hockey players wear padding under a uniform to protect them.

-Haley

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Scoring l.jpg
Scoring

Hockey

The players try to hit the puck into the other team’s net and score a goal.

-Tony

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The equipment48 l.jpg
The Equipment

Hockey

Players need ice skates, gloves, a uniform, pads, a helmet, and a hockey stick.

-Colton

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The fans l.jpg
The Fans

Hockey

Hockey fans can watch the sport on TV or at the arena.

-Frankie

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Luge racing l.jpg
Luge Racing

Luge

The first luge race took place in 1883. The athletes are called “sliders”. This is one of the most dangerous sports in the Olympics.

-Mikey

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The rider l.jpg
The Rider

Luge

To turn the sled, the rider shifts his or her body and leans to the left or right.

-Casey

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The sled l.jpg
The Sled

Luge

Sliders use a sled made of wood or fiberglass. It fits so close to their body that it’s almost completely hidden. Sharp steel blades, or runners, cut through the ice.

-David

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Luge racing54 l.jpg
Luge Racing

Luge

Luge racing became part of the Olympics in 1964. There are three types of races: women’s singles, men’s singles, and men’s doubles.

-Clayton

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The track55 l.jpg

Luge

The Track

The track is 4,318 feet long. The luge travels 17 curves in less than one minute.

-Robby

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The equipment56 l.jpg
The Equipment

Luge

The athletes use a sled called a luge. They wear a padded suit of clothing, a helmet, gloves, goggles or a visor, and special pointed booties.

-Victor

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Olympic park l.jpg
Olympic Park

Ski Jumping

Utah Olympic Park is the highest of any World Cup. It’s 7,350 feet high. The wind is gusty and the air is thin.

-Kirsten

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The scoring l.jpg
The Scoring

Ski Jumping

Points are given from the five judges. Skiers earn between zero and 20 points. Judges look for energy, style, and correct form.

-Meridith

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The equipment60 l.jpg
The Equipment

Ski Jumping

The ski jumps may be 100 feet high. Skis are made of strong fiberglass. Boots connect to the skis and the athletes wear a suit to keep their bodies warm and protected from getting hurt.

-Alec K.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Large hill event l.jpg
Large Hill Event

Ski Jumping

The Individual Large Hill

Event is on a 394-foot hill. The athlete takes two jumps and the one with the greatest total score is the winner.

-Megan

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Individual normal hill competition l.jpg

Ski Jumping

Individual Normal Hill Competition

Ski jumping from a 295 foot hill is called the Individual Normal Hill Competition. Each athlete jumps twice.

-Wally

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Competitors l.jpg
Competitors

Ski Jumping

In ski jumping, countries are permitted a maximum of four competitors for individual events and a group of four members for the team event.

-Jonnie

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



Snowboards l.jpg
Snowboards

Snowboarding

Snowboards fall into three categories: free-riding, freestyle, and alpine. Snowboards have steel edges, polyethene bases, and laminated wood cores. Snowboarders wear warm suits and helmets.

-Jessica

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Alpine boards l.jpg
Alpine Boards

Snowboarding

Alpine boards are racing boards. They’re built for speed with a flat tail. Alpine boards have a narrow overall shape and when placed on edge they can carve tracks. Boarders use soft boots when they snowboard.

-Cale

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Freestyle snowboards l.jpg
Freestyle Snowboards

Snowboarding

A freestyle snowboard has a symmetrical pattern. This allows it to be ridden equally well backwards and forwards. It helps the athlete perform tricks.

-Gavin

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


Free riding l.jpg
Free Riding

Snowboarding

Free-riding is the most popular type of snowboarding. Snowboards can be used for powder, carving, and aerial tricks. These boards are stiffer toward the tail to improve performance.

-Michael W.

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating



The races l.jpg
The Races

Speed Skating

Speed skating is held on a 437 yard oval track. Competitors skate in pairs. In short track speed skating, competitors race against each other. Short track speed skaters may touch the ice for balance when they go around corners.

-Cale

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating


The skates71 l.jpg
The Skates

Speed Skating

The three types of skates are figure skates, hockey skates, and speed skates. Figure skates have toe picks which are like teeth. Hockey skates don’t have toe picks. Speed skates have the longest blades.

-Savannah

Alpine Skiing

Freestyle

Biathlon

Hockey

Bobsled

Luge

Cross-Country

Ski Jumping

Curling

Snowboarding

Figure Skating

Speed Skating