Vegetable Garden Plan Objective: Plan and draw a vegetable garden that will produce enough of 10 different vegetables to feed your family for one year. 1. Select 10 vegetable to grow for your family.
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Plan and draw a vegetable garden that will produce enough of 10 different vegetables to feed your family for one year.
2. Conduct the required research on each vegetable (see vegetable identification and research form)
3. Calculate the amount of each vegetable needed to feed your family for one year.
We will use 4 ounces per person for each vegetable as the average serving size.
Figure that each person will eat one serving per week of each vegetable.
Remember there are 52 weeks in a year.
Family of 6
4 ounces of peas per person per week
4 X 6 = 24 ounces per week
24 X 52 weeks = 1248 ounces per year
1248/16 ounces per pound = 78 pounds of peas per year
4. Calculate the amount of each vegetable you will need to grow in row feet.
Definition: The length of a row in your garden.
If you plant 30 feet of corn in your garden how many row feet do you have?
30 Row Feet or 30 RF
How many row feet of peas will you need to plant in order to produce 78 pounds of peas?
First, figure out how many pounds of peas are produced per row foot?
Organic Gardening Book, pg. 125.
78 pounds/2.5 pounds per RF =
31.2 RF of peas
(round this off to 30 RF)
So, you will need to plant 30 row feet of peas.
Use this same process for each of your 10 vegetables.
Use a ¼” scale. (¼” = 1 foot)
Draw in the vegetables – use color. Be sure to draw in the correct amount in row feet and
be sure to plant them the correct distance apart in the rows.
Label N, S, E, W
Label each row or make a vegetable key – use ¼” block letters.
Put a title at the top of your paper:
VEGETABLE GARDEN PLAN - NAME, DATE, PERIOD
VEGETABLE GARDEN PLAN – JOE STUDENT, 5/25/10, PERIOD 1
Price per pound X pounds produced = value
Price at store: $1.89/lb.
$1.89 X 78 pounds = $147.42
Total value minus cost = profit
WHAT TO TURN IN: 10 Veg. Research formsPage of calculations Complete garden plan
1. Plant perennials together.
2. Group quickly maturing crops so you can plant other vegetables when they are harvested or plant them between rows of later maturing crops.
3. Plant the correct distance between rows. We will use 3 feet between each row.
4. Plant some crops in 2 week intervals so you can harvest at different times during the growing season. (lettuce, spinach, green beans, corn)
5. Plant a fall crops in areas where early vegetables have been harvested. (peas, lettuce, etc.)
1. More production.
2. Beds dry out and warm up quicker in the spring.
3. Deeper topsoil for roots.
4. Easier to weed.
Don’t plant the same crops in the same rows in your garden each year.
1. Reduces insect problems.
2. Reduces disease problems.
A plant’s resistance to cold weather or frost.
Average minimum temperatures in an area.
A climate zone is different than a plant hardiness zone. Climate zones are based on average temperatures, rainfall, and growing season length. According the Western Garden Book, we are in climate zone 6.
279 day growing season
Maritime climate – influenced by the ocean
1. Good drainage.
2. Good supply of organic matter.
3. Good supply of plant food (nutrients).
4. Proper pH (6.3 to 7.0).
How to improve it?
1. Add manure.
3. Add leaves.
2. Add crop residue.
4. Add sand.
How much lime should you add?
10 pounds per 100 square feet every 2 to 3 years.
If you have a garden that measures 40 X 60, how much lime would you need to apply?
40 X 60 =
2400 square feet
Rate of application = 10 pounds per 100 square feet
10/100 = .10 pounds per square foot
.10 X 2400 = 240 pounds of lime
How often should you add it?
What kind should you use?
Commercial fertilizerOr you could use manure
Example fertilizer grades: