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Accreditation of Engineering, Technology and Computing Programs Moshe Kam IEEE Vice President for Educational Activities First Edition – October 2007 Version 003 Contact Information Moshe Kam Robert G. Quinn Professor and Department Head Drexel University

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slide1

Accreditation of Engineering, Technology and Computing Programs

Moshe Kam

IEEE Vice President for Educational Activities

First Edition – October 2007

Version 003

contact information
Contact Information

Moshe Kam

Robert G. Quinn Professorand Department Head

Drexel University

Electrical and Computer Engineering

3141 Chestnut Street

Philadelphia, PA 19101

kam@drexel.edu

disclaimer
DISCLAIMER
  • This presentation was prepared by the IEEE Educational Activities Board for a broad, general discussion of accreditation of engineering, computing, and technology
  • Material is provided for illustrative purposes only
  • Description of various rules and regulations are made in general descriptive terms and are not intended for operational or legal use
  • Material is not purported to represent the official policy of any accrediting body or any other governmental or non-governmental agency outside of IEEE
outline
Outline
  • Purpose
  • Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology
    • Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models
  • Mutual recognition agreements
  • Building new accrediting bodies in the early 21st Century
outline5
Outline
  • Purpose
  • Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology
    • Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models
  • Mutual recognition agreements
  • Building new accrediting bodies in the early 21st Century
purpose
Purpose
  • To provide an overview of the accreditation process
  • To present different models and principal trends
  • To review existing international agreements and accords in the area of accreditation
a few words about ieee
A Few Words about IEEE
  • IEEE is the largest multinational professional engineering association in the world
    • 367,000 members in 150 countries
    • A 501(c)3 organization in incorporated in New York
  • Originally concentrating on power engineering and communications, IEEE at present spans technical interests across the spectrum of technology
    • From nanotechnology to oceanic engineering
  • In many respects IEEE has become “the steward of Engineering”
early presidents
Early Presidents

Alexander G. Bell

Elihu Thomson

Charles Steinmetz

Frank Sprague

a few more recent presidents
A few more recent Presidents

Leah Jamieson Joseph Bordogna Michael Lightner Wallace Read

why is ieee interested in accreditation
Why is IEEE interested in Accreditation?
  • Because it is in IEEE’s stated mission
  • Because accreditation has significant impact on the content of the curriculum in IEEE’s fields of interest
    • And hence on the future of the profession
  • Because IEEE’s involvement introduces the voice of the profession and its practitioners into the decision making process of educational institutions
why is ieee interested in accreditation11
Why is IEEE interested in Accreditation?
  • IEEE considers accreditation a strategic objective and supports accrediting bodies worldwide
    • The IEEE BoD allocates funds and human resources to accreditation on an annual basis
      • About 500 volunteers
      • $2M/year in direct expenditures in 2007
outline12
Outline
  • Purpose
  • Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology
    • Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models
  • Mutual recognition agreements
  • Building a new accrediting body in the early 21st Century
operational definition of accreditation by chea us
Operational Definition of Accreditation by CHEA (US)
  • Accreditation in higher education is defined as a collegial process based on self- and peer assessment for public accountability and improvement of academic quality
  • [Peers =group of peer faculty and staff, professionals, and public members]
  • Peers assess the quality of an institution or academic program and assist the faculty and staff in improvement
three major activities
Three Major Activities
  • The faculty, administrators, and staff of the institution or academic program conduct a self-study using the accrediting organization’s set of expectations about quality (standards, criteria) as their guide
  • A team of peers, selected by the accrediting organization, reviews the evidence, visits the campus to interview the faculty and staff, and writes a report of its assessment, including a recommendation to the commission of the accrediting organization
the third step
The third step…
  • Guided by a set of expectations about quality and integrity, the commission
    • reviews the evidence and recommendation
    • makes a judgment
    • communicates the decision to the institution
      • and other constituencies if appropriate
a broader definition of accreditation
A Broader Definition of Accreditation
  • Formal recognition of an educational program by an external body on the basis of an assessment of quality
  • An evaluation process in which an objective group (accrediting body) examines an educational program to ensure that it is meeting minimum standards established by experts in the field
    • The outcome of the process is binary: program is either accredited or not accredited
a broader definition of accreditation17
A Broader Definition of Accreditation
  • Formal recognition of an educational program by an external body on the basis of an assessment of quality
  • An evaluation process in which an objective group (accrediting body) examines an educational program to ensure that it is meeting minimum standards established by experts in the field
    • The outcome of the process is binary: program is either accredited or not accredited
challenges to the traditional definition 1
Challenges to the Traditional Definition (1)
  • Should the accreditation be done by an “external body”?
    • Is it possible to conduct accreditation by peer groups
      • E.g., peer institutions
  • Should the result of accreditation be binary?
    • Some groups in Europe have called for providing evaluation in four categories with respect to every criterion
      • Fails to meet minimum requirements
      • Meets minimum requirements
      • Exceeds minimum requirements
      • Excels in meeting this criterion
challenges to the traditional definition 2
Challenges to the Traditional Definition (2)
  • Should we strive to meet minimum standards rather than achieving continuous improvement and excellence?
  • Will the current system of accreditation be useful to industry in the long term?
    • The mobility of labor has challenged traditional credentials
    • The ECE industry had already rejected the licensing process
      • E.g., the industrial exemption in the United States
looking forward traditions
Looking Forward: Traditions
  • The trends we observe in accreditation will challenge traditional models
  • It is unlikely that over-prescriptive accreditation models will survive
  • It is unlikely that models that are based solely on minimum thresholds will survive
the constituencies of an educational program
The Constituencies of an Educational Program
  • Past, present and prospective students
  • Prospective employers
  • Other bodies of higher education
  • Licensing bodies
  • Government
  • The public at large
the various functions of accreditation 1
The Various Functions of Accreditation (1)
  • Provide constituencies of the educational program with a guarantee that an educational program…
    • meets (minimum) standards
    • continues to evolve in order to incorporate best practices
  • Put a stamp of approval on graduates – they are ready to practice
    • Raises the issue of First Professional Degree in Engineering
the various functions of accreditation 2
The Various Functions of Accreditation (2)
  • Provide educational programs with opportunities for self-definition and self-reflection
    • and with feedback on program content and direction
  • Provide opportunities for continuous improvement of education programs
misuse of accreditation
Misuse of Accreditation
  • Coercion
    • The process needs to be voluntary
  • Disciplinary action
  • Ranking and comparison of schools
  • Controlling the school
  • Serving the interests of one constituency on the expense of others
  • Homogenizing higher education
  • Control competition
  • Limit enrollments
accreditation is not indispensable
Accreditation is not indispensable…
  • Industry can replace accreditation by other mechanisms of quality assessment
    • University rankings by academic bodies
    • University rankings by the popular press
    • Internal lists of “acceptable institutions”
    • Entry exams and interviews of graduates
  • If accreditation is to survive it should be
    • Pertinent
    • Transparent
    • Fair
    • Economical
    • Adaptive to the business climate
the basic structure of the process accrediting body
The Basic Structure of the Process: Accrediting Body
  • Accrediting body defines its accreditation philosophy and publishes criteria and process
  • Accrediting body identifies and trains program evaluators
  • Bodies that recognize accrediting bodies require proof of decision independence
    • The funding mechanism and accreditation decisions should be independent
a word of caution independence
A Word of Caution: Independence
  • In several instances, IEEE observed loss of independence of accrediting bodies
  • In all of these cases, the accrediting body was discredited
    • Schools preferred foreign accrediting bodies over the local one
  • It is not clear whether government controlled accrediting bodies will be recognized in the future by international accords
the basic structure of the process program
The Basic Structure of the Process: Program
  • Program studies accrediting body literature
  • Program collects required material and verifies presumption of accreditability
  • Program requests an accreditation visit
  • Program gets organized to provide information to accrediting body and visiting team
  • Self study
interaction between accrediting body and program
Interaction Between Accrediting Body and Program
  • Mutual agreement on visiting team
  • Agreement on dates and logistics
    • Within published guidelines
  • Pre-visit communications
  • Accrediting visit and preliminary reporting
  • Post-visit communications
  • Report preparation and determination of outcome
  • Post-report communications – possible appeals
two important caveats
Two important caveats
  • The accreditation visit is supposed to provide “no surprises”
    • All concerns that program evaluators have on the basis of submitted data are supposed to be discussed ahead of the visit
  • On site visit focuses on the accreditation criteria and their implementation
    • This is not the time for ‘free advice’ or planning of the program future by the visiting group
looking forward implementation
Looking Forward: Implementation
  • At present most accreditation bodies operate on 5-7 year cycles
      • A series of “dramatic events” followed by long periods of low or no activity
      • Elaborate visits requiring significant preparation
  • It is possible to design a much simpler process that takes advantage of progress in information technology
    • Information is posted and updated continually
    • Visits are shorter
      • focus only on the few items that do not require face to face interaction
selected accrediting bodies 1

For additional details see www.Accreditation.org

Selected accrediting bodies (1)
  • Engineers Australia
  • Engineers Ireland
  • Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board of the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers
  • France: Commission des Titres d'Ingénieur
  • Germany: ASIIN
  • Hong Kong Institution of Engineers
selected accrediting bodies 2

For additional details see www.Accreditation.org

Selected accrediting bodies (2)
  • Japan: Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education
  • Korea: Accreditation Board for Engineering Education of Korea
  • Malaysia: Board of Engineers Malaysia
  • Mexico: Council of Accreditation of the Education of Engineering
  • New Zealand: Institution of Professional Engineers of New Zealand
selected accrediting bodies 3

For additional details see www.Accreditation.org

Selected accrediting bodies (3)
  • Singapore: Institution of Engineers Singapore
  • South Africa: Engineering Council of South Africa
  • United Kingdom: Engineering Council United Kingdom
  • United States: ABET
characteristics of accreditation 1
Characteristics of Accreditation (1)
  • Voluntary
  • Performed by an external agency
    • Based on the locale of the program
    • Uses representation of all major constituencies
      • Government inspection is not Accreditation
  • Based on clear published standards
  • Evaluative – not regulatory
    • It is not the place of the visiting team to provide the visited program with detailed prescriptions and methodology
characteristics of accreditation 2
Characteristics of Accreditation (2)
  • Requires continuous maintenance
  • Binary (at present, in most cases)
  • Cognizant of program objectives and goals
    • One size does not fit all
    • Accreditation is not meant to homogenize the education system
what are the factors that may be considered
What are the Factors That May be Considered?
  • Content of the curriculum
    • Is there enough exposure to discrete mathematics?
  • Size and skill base of the faculty
    • Does a Computer Science program have individuals who are trained in Artificial Intelligence?
  • Morale and governance of the faculty
potential consideration factors 2
Potential Consideration Factors (2)
  • Facilities
    • Does the Microwave Laboratory in an EE program have a Spectrum Analyzer?
  • Admission criteria
    • Do the admission criteria ensure that incoming students have the basic skills required to attend the program?
potential consideration factors 3
Potential Consideration Factors (3)
  • Support services
    • Do the program’s computing facilities enjoy professional system administration?
  • Graduate placement
    • Do the majority of the program graduates find gainful professional employment within 6 months of graduation?
  • Budgets and expenditures
looking forward
Looking Forward…
  • Many of the traditional factors required a site visit for verification
  • A model that considers most of the factors on line is now possible
  • Accreditation may become continuous rather than a discrete event
    • Shift from reaching the minimum to continuous improvement
level of specificity
Level of Specificity
  • The degree to which criteria are defined in terms of numerical goals or specific coverage methodologies
  • The degree of specificity depends on the accreditation model
    • The general trend in the last 10 years is away from specifics
level of specificity examples
Level of Specificity: Examples
  • Non-specific
    • A computer science program needs to show that graduates were exposed to the principles of database organization and have used this knowledge in open- ended exercises and projects
  • Specific
    • A computer science program will include at least 24 hours on in-class instruction on databases which includes: database models (at least 3 hours); relational models (at least 1 hour)…
    • A minimum of two 6-hour laboratory exercises on databases must be included. These exercises include…
a two tier process
A Two-Tier Process
  • Usually accreditation of engineering, computing and technology programs relies on a “general accreditation” of the institution
  • Another accrediting agency ascertains compliance with laws and regulations, basic fiscal solvency, and preservation of human rights
  • If the first tier is missing, the “technical” accreditation needs to include it
    • This may be a challenge for new accrediting bodies
most of the work does not involve the accrediting body
Most of the Work Does Not Involve the Accrediting Body
  • Program must establish mechanism to collect data on its activities
  • Program must establish mechanism to use data to reaffirm or reform its activities
  • Program must undergo a thorough self-study
    • This is often the most important outcome of the accreditation process
different approaches and styles of accreditation
Different Approaches and Styles of Accreditation
  • The Minimal Model
  • The Regulatory Model
  • The Outcome-Based Model
  • The Peer-Review model
  • The Program Club model
the minimal model
The “Minimal Model”
  • Ascertains basic characteristics of the school and program
    • Often numeric and law-based
      • Does the school satisfy basic legal requirements?
      • Does the school have enough budget, infrastructure and reserves to conduct the program?
  • Ascertains existence of the fundamental basics in the school and program
    • Physical conditions, size and skill base of the faculty, coverage of basic topics in the curriculum
  • Provides a prescription for a minimal core and very general parameters for the rest of the curriculum
reflections on the minimal model
Reflections on the Minimal Model
  • It is easy to install and maintain as long as it adheres to the “minimal” philosophy
  • Not a bad way to start an accrediting body
  • Does not encourage continuous improvement
  • The biggest danger is “mission creep”
    • More and more requirements
the regulatory model
The Regulatory Model
  • Requires strict adherence to a core curriculum
    • E.g., defines the minimum requirements for a Software Engineering curriculum
  • Specifies parameters for the rest of the curriculum
    • E.g., at least 6 credit hours of post WWII history
  • Often involving direct prescriptions of curriculum and faculty composition
    • E.g., “at least three faculty in manufacturing are required if the body of students exceeds 120”
reflections on the regulatory model
Reflections on the Regulatory Model
  • Makes the accrediting process uniform and potentially fair
    • Criteria are unambiguous and often numeric
  • Difficult to establish and update
    • Leads to endless strife over what the “core” means
  • Relatively easy to maintain
    • The key to success is adherence to clear rules
  • Was shown to stifle innovation and creativity in the curriculum
    • This was the philosophy of the pre-2000 ABET model
the outcome based model
The Outcome-Based Model
  • Prescribes a “small” core and basic requirements
  • Prescribes basic parameters for the goals of the program
    • But does not specify the specific goals of the program
  • Focuses on the goals and objectives of the program
    • E.g., to maximize the number of graduates who continue to Medical or Law school
    • E.g., to maximize the number of graduates who become program managers in the construction industry
  • Requires evidence of measurement of goals
  • Requires evidence of using the measurements to feed a quality improvement process
reflections on the outcome based model
Reflections on the Outcome-Based Model
  • Provides for significant diversity in goals and objectives
    • Very different from the regulatory model
  • Puts a lot of responsibility and risk in the hands of the program leaders
    • E.g., some programs may try to achieve goals that are unattainable
  • Sophisticated and hard to evaluate
    • Very difficult to avoid complaints on inconsistent evaluations
  • This is the basic philosophy of the current ABET EC2000 and TC2000 criteria
    • Though implementation does not always follow the philosophy
a word of caution outcome based accreditation
A Word of Caution: Outcome-Based Accreditation
  • While outcome-based accreditation is the most popular paradigm for accreditation, it is not problem-free
  • The prescriptive nature with respect to course content can be replaced by a prescriptive process with respect to assessments
  • Too much data may be collected and analyzed in order to prove that methods were assessed
  • Adherence to the process by zealous program evaluators may cause strong disagreements about methodology
    • E.g., the debate about Direct Assessment
the peer review model
The Peer Review Model
  • A coalition of schools organizes in group of peers
    • Schools select their peers
    • Members from other constituencies are added
      • Government, Industry, professional associations
  • The peer groups conduct the review in evaluator teams
  • Model requires an arbitrator and facilitator
    • Ideally a professional association
reflections on the peer review model
Reflections on the Peer Review Model
  • This is the way accreditation was done in the US in the early 20th Century
    • E.g., Princeton and Johns Hopkins came to visit the College of Engineering at Drexel University in 1904
  • Difficult to organize
  • Considered less confrontational and more collegial
  • Risk a drift in the direction of unpublished mandates
  • Risks clashes of philosophies and program rivalry
  • Selection/acceptance of peers may be complicated
the program club model
The “Program Club” Model
  • Group of peer institutions create a “program club”
    • Use a common website for communication
  • Programs that wish to join create a website with requested information
  • Programs report continually on progress and experimentation in education
  • New ideas are discussed and tried by members of the club
  • Few on-site visits (possibly during an annual conference)
reflections on the program club model
Reflections on the “Program Club” Model
  • Continuous accreditation model
  • Difficult to organize
  • Considered less confrontational and more collegial
  • Risks clashes of philosophies and program rivalry
  • Selection/acceptance of peers may be complicated
  • “High maintenance”
key to success consistency and transparency
Key to Success: Consistency and Transparency
  • Criteria need to be clear and published
    • Ambiguities and potential for different interpretations need to be flagged out and addressed
    • Terminology needs to be defined
  • Visit and reports should follow the criteria closely
    • Findings and conclusions should use the criteria and the established terminology
relationship between licensing and accreditation
Relationship Between Licensing and Accreditation
  • Accreditation is provided to educational programs
  • A license is provided to individuals
    • Graduation from an accredited program is often a condition for licensing
    • Licensing exams are often based on model curricula of accrediting bodies
      • Serious problem in the US since EC2000
engineering and computing licensing in 2007
Engineering and Computing Licensing in 2007…
  • Licensing of engineering and computing professionals is perceived to be “broken” in many countries
    • Not a needed credential in many disciplines
    • Poor enforcement
    • Further weakening due to massive redistribution of labor among markets in the early 2000s
  • One possible solution - the Canadian model
    • Licensing = graduation from an accredited program PLUS testing on safety, professionalism and ethics
      • NOT on school material
licensing and the first professional degree in engineering
Licensing and the First Professional Degree in Engineering
  • At present there is debate in the US and Europe about “the first professional degree in engineering”
  • The US National Academy of Engineering and several European organizations appears to favor a Master of Science degree
    • In Europe this view follows adoption of the Bologna Process
  • The NCEES (USA) wants B.S. degree plus 30 semester credits
  • No consensus among professional organizations
outline64

For additional details see www.Accreditation.org

Outline
  • Purpose
  • Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology
    • Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models
  • Mutual recognition agreements
  • Building new accrediting bodies in the early 21st Century
purpose65

For additional details see www.Accreditation.org

Purpose
  • Mutual recognition agreements establish acceptance of accreditation decisions of one accrediting body by another
  • Foster mobility of professionals
  • Provide recognition to accrediting bodies
    • As well as quality control
caution who recognizes whom
Caution: who recognizes whom
  • Mutual recognition agreements are between accrediting bodies, not states or governments
  • It is possible, for example, that
    • an accrediting body will recognize that graduates from programs recognized by another accrediting body are ready to practice at an entry level…
    • But the State/Government would NOT
slide68
An agreement between accrediting bodies on mutual recognition of program accreditation
    • Does not cover licensure and registration
  • Recognizing the substantial equivalency of accreditation systems of organizations holding signatory status, and the engineering education programs accredited by them
  • Establishing that graduates of programs accredited by the accreditation organizations of each member nation are prepared to practice engineering at the entry level
slide69
“By virtue of the Washington Accord’s affirmation of substantial equivalence among its members, the signatories have come to acknowledge generally accepted, globally relevant attributes that graduates from accredited engineering programs are expected to possess.

This acknowledgement of substantial equivalence has the potential for facilitating mobility of practicing engineers across country boundaries.”

Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

more on the washington accord
More on the Washington Accord
  • Signatories may exchange observers to annual meetings or accreditation visits
  • Verification required at regular intervals (no more than 6 years)
  • Bilateral agreements by individual signatories not recognized by other signatories
  • Recently – accreditation “outside the home territory” is also recognized
washington accord signatories
Engineers, Australia

Canadian Council of Professional Engineers

Institution of Engineers Singapore

Hong Kong Institute of Engineers

Engineers Ireland

Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education

Engineers, New Zealand

Engineering Council of South Africa

Engineering Council, United Kingdom

ABET, Inc.

Washington Accord Signatories

Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

recent additions 2007
Recent additions (2007)
  • ABEEK (Republic of Korea)
  • IEET (Chinese Taipei)
provisional members
Provisional Members

Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

maintenance
Maintenance
  • Signatories routinely observe each others processes
  • Mandatory review of each signatory at regular intervals
  • Every two years there is a general review of the agreement

Source: Presentation by George Peterson to EAB, November 2006

upgrading
Upgrading
  • Increasing scope of the agreement
  • Introduction of new members
  • Improving operations
other agreements
The Bologna Declaration

Lisbon convention

MERCOSUR

Western Hemisphere Initiative

Other Agreements
the bologna declaration 1999
The Bologna Declaration (1999)
  • Adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees
    • common terminology and standards
  • Adoption of a system essentially based on two main cycles, undergraduate and graduate….
  • Signed by ministers of education of 29 European countries
two cycles 3 2 2
Two Cycles: 3+(2+2)
  • Access to the second cycle shall require successful completion of first cycle studies, lasting a minimum of three years
  • The degree awarded after the first cycle shall also be relevant to the European labour market as an appropriate level of qualification
  • The second cycle should lead to the master and/or doctorate degree
some ramifications of the bologna process to engineering education 1
Some ramifications of the Bologna Process to Engineering Education (1)
  • Potential ambiguity about the duration and scope of studies toward the Bachelor of Science Degree
    • In some countries a 4-year B.Sc. degree is considered the First Professional Degree (FPD) in Engineering
    • In other countries a 3-year B.Sc. Degree is considered a pre-engineering degree
      • FPD=Master of Science
some ramifications of the bologna process to engineering education 2
Some ramifications of the Bologna Process to Engineering Education (2)
  • Potentially – differences between interpretations and weight of the Bachelor of Science Degree in Engineering
    • FPD=B.Sc. Or M.Sc.?
  • Questions about mobility of engineers between Europe and the rest of the world
a complementary approach registry
A Complementary Approach - Registry
  • In several parts of the world accrediting bodies and regulatory agencies have established an engineer registry
  • The registry recognizes engineers who have graduated from programs accredited by a recognized body
  • Process makes it easier to verify credentials
    • Can be perceived as being in competition with licensing/registration
outline84
Outline
  • Purpose
  • Accreditation in Engineering, Computing and Technology
    • Definition, aims, uses and misuses, models
  • Mutual recognition agreements
  • Building a new accrediting body in the Early 21st Century
scope
Scope
  • Building new accrediting bodies provides an opportunity to use about 80 years of experience with existing bodies
  • Buy-in needed from
    • Professional Associations and leaders of the profession
    • Academic institutions and the faculty
    • Industry, especially employers of engineers and technologists
    • Governmental bodies and regulators
desired final outcome
Desired Final Outcome
  • A fully functional stable accrediting body, operating with clear rules and regulations, and with a transparent and simple structure
  • Reputation for independence in accreditation decisions
  • Membership of the accrediting body in the appropriate mutual recognition accords
opportunities to learn from existing bodies
Opportunities to learn from existing bodies…
  • Structure and basic processes
  • Criteria
  • Methodology
    • especially self studies and outcome-based techniques
  • Development of constituency coalitions
  • Decision independence
    • “independence from any parent entity, or sponsoring entity, for the conduct of accreditation activities and determination of accreditation status” (CHEA 2007)
opportunities to improve on the operations of existing accrediting bodies
Opportunities to improve on the operations of existing accrediting bodies
  • Better use of information technology and automation
  • A more continuous and smooth process
  • Experimentation with less centralized models
    • The Peer Review and Coalitional models
new opportunities for accrediting bodies
New opportunities for accrediting bodies…
  • Development and provisions of tools for continuous reporting, assessment and improvement
  • Creation and maintenance of a registries
    • of engineers, computer scientists, and technologists
who should govern the accrediting body
Who should govern the accrediting body?
  • Professional associations
  • Academic institutions
  • Industry
  • Institutions from the three sectors should be invited to become Members of the accrediting body
  • Voting Members in the annual/bi-annual assembly of Members
  • Governments should be invited to observe and advise
slide92

Member Assembly

Board of Directors

STAFF

Engineering

Computing

COMMISSIONS

Technology

Program Evaluators

how should the accreditation body be financed
How should the accreditation body be financed?
  • Participation fees
    • From professional associations and industry
  • Accreditation fees
    • From participating institutions
  • Grants and gifts
    • For special projects and research
stakeholders
Stakeholders
  • Academic institutions
    • Presidents, provosts, chancellors, deans
  • Industry
    • Major employers of engineers, computer scientists, and technologists
  • Professional associations
    • Local, local sections of transnational organizations, transnational organizations with local sections
  • Governments
    • Ministries of education and industry, accreditation oversight bodies
  • Other Civic Organizations
possible dangers
Possible dangers
  • Not enough interest
  • Failure to include all major stakeholders
    • Especially Industry
  • Poor finances
  • Lack of decision independence
  • Competition/meddling by outside accrediting bodies
  • Political infighting
additional sources
Additional Sources
  • Presentations in EAB workshops on accreditation
    • Esp. by Lyle Feisel, see www.ieee.org/education
  • Public domain information provided by ABET Inc., EUR-ACE, the Washington Accord website, CHEA
    • Mostly from the organizations’ web sites
  • J.W. Prados, G. D. Peterson, and L.R. Lattuca: “Quality Assurance of Engineering Education through Accreditation: The Impact of Engineering Criteria 2000 and Its Global Influence,” Journal of Engineering Education, pp. 165-184, January 2005.
  • Prof. Dr. Dirk Van Damme (Ghent University, Belgium). Accreditation in global higher education. The need for international information and cooperation. Outline of IAUP approach. May 2000.