Skills gained on a Bioscience Degree • Gather and analyse relevant information from a wide variety of sources • Identify and propose solutions to problems • Project management • Technical skills • Work independently (individual projects) • Communicate with others in a clear and articulate manner • Present ideas and arguments verbally in presentations and seminars, and informal discussions • Sell these on your CV and applications!
Research and Development Clinical Biochemists And Microbiologists Biomedical Scientists Science Teacher Production And Quality Assurance Regulatory Affairs Officer Clinical Research Associate/Monitor Bioinformatics Medical Sales Patent Examiner Patent Agent Environmental Health Medical Communications Doctor Science Jobs
Research & Development Can work in … • Industrial Companies e.g. Pfizer, GSK, AstraZeneca, Abbot • University Laboratories • Research Associations e.g. Biology and Biotechnology Research Council Laboratories • Scientific Civil Service – DSTL at Fort Halstead or Portsmouth
Can get a job as a trainee research scientist in industry with a good first degree - Upper Second Class or better Advisable to get a PhD for a long term career in research. Promotion may be hindered without one - encounter "glass ceilings". Can be stepping stone to other functions: Production, Quality Assurance, Patents, Regulatory Affairs, Sales and Marketing, IT Research & Development
Research & Development "Soft Skills" becoming increasingly important: • Report writing • Ability to make presentations • Project management • Computer skills • Time Management • Vacation placement or sandwich year in research will greatly enhance chances of entry.
Clinical Scientists • Work in a hospital while completing a (fully paid for) Masters degree part-time. Tasks include: • Planning and organising work in clinical labs. • Organising tests on patient samples • Advising clinicians and GPs on use of tests and interpretation of results. • Carrying out R&D as well as evaluation and quality assessment of diagnostic tests. • Developing new and existing tests.
Clinical Scientists • Clinical Biochemistry • Clinical Microbiology • Clinical Cytogenetics • Immunological Scientists • Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics • Entry via the National Scheme for Training Clinical Scientistswww.nhsclinicalscientists.info Closing date normally February. www.kent.ac.uk/careers/workin/hospitalsci.htm
FORENSIC BIOLOGY • Forensic Science Service. www.fss.org.uk6 labs - Chepstow, Chorley, Huntingdon, London and Wetherby (Send speculative applications to B’ham HQ. Vacancies advertised in national and regional newspapers, and New Scientist • Police Laboratories • Police forces employ civilians as scenes of crime officers. • Qinetiq - Fort Halstead, Kent - analysis of terrorist-related explosives. • Home Office (Police Scientific Dev’t Branch) research and development on equipment and systems used for the police and fire services. • Customs and Excise www.hmce.gov.uk
FORENSIC BIOL. EMPLOYERS Independent forensic contractors - may need experience to work for these. • LGC - Middlesex - analytical science, consumer protection pollution and health, DNA and drug analysis also document examination for Inland Revenue and DSS. • Lots of competition – 96 degree courses in the UK! But Kent has a strong reputation. • Very few vacancies advertised – need to make lots of speculative applications. www.kent.ac.uk/careers/forensicsci.htm
DOCTOR • Normally need at least 2:1 • Need to apply by mid October • May need to take GAMSAT, UKCAT or other Test • NHS means tested bursaries available in years 2, 3, and 4. Students have access to a reduced rate loan from the Student Loan Company. Tuition fees, student fee, and expenses for clinical placements etc will also be paid. In 1st year will have access to the full student loan but no other financial support.
Doctor • It is very competitive • Kent graduates have obtained places at St George's, Birmingham, Warwick, Peninsula Medical School & Exeter. • Talk to doctors (e.g. your GP) and other medical staff, and get work experience in a hospital, hospice or home for the elderly.
Doctor Now many fast track (4 year) courses for grads: Med Schools On-line • www.medschoolsonline.co.uk/index.php?pageid=11
Doctor • Many courses are practice-based learning (e.g. St. Georges) – case study approach rather than rote learning. • Lots of further information in Careers Service File C1 and www.kent.ac.uk/careers/workin/doctor.htm • Now also 4 year fast track courses in DENTISTRY for science graduates at Peninsular Medical School , Queen Mary and Liverpool/Lancaster Information about applying to medical courses on these pages is true for the fast track dentistry courses.
DIRECTORIES OF GRADUATE EMPLOYERS Free from the Careers Service! • Prospects (r.r.p. £22) • Times Top 100 (r.r.p. £16.99) • GET (r.r.p. £15)
Clinical Research Associate • Co-ordinates clinical trials on new drugs. • Employed by pharmaceutical companies, Cancer Research UK and the Medical Research Council. • Writes trial protocol (details of what is to be done, by whom and how). • Finds suitable doctors to conduct trial. • Prepares documentation and supplies. • Initiates study centres. • Monitors progress of trials/writing report.
Clinical Research Associate • Work experience in a related field (e.g. medical sales or laboratory work) helps. • Grads often enter as a Data Monitor – lower level • Need good organisational and admin. skills and outgoing personality. • Visiting lots of different hospitals and GPs • Vacancies in New Scientist • Innovex main agency for recruiting CRAs www.innovexcareers.com
REGULATORY AFFAIRS • Co-ordinates application procedures for the approval of drugs - safety, transport & storage • Involves compiling dossiers of info. on a new drug and submitting it to a national regulatory authority to gain permission to sell drug. • Keeping abreast of world-wide legislation. • Advising scientists about regulatory requirements. • Preparing documentation. • Liaising with/making presentations to registration authorities.
REGULATORY AFFAIRS TIPS FOR ENTRY • Awareness of legislation on approval of products desirable. • Computer literacy - especially databases helpful. • Recruitment is erratic so make speculative applications to chemical and pharmaceutical companies. • Vacancies in New Scientist • Well paid!
MEDICAL SALES • Employed by pharmaceutical co’s to promote medicines etc. to doctors & pharmacists. • Arranging appointments with doctors. • Making presentations to doctors, nurses, hospital consultants etc. • Keeping chemists informed e.g. which drugs GPs are likely to prescribe. • Attending company's regional meetings. • Car is your office. Constant people contact but can be lonely. Spend a lot of time in doctors waiting rooms. Route into marketing & sales management.
MEDICAL SALES Training • Initial 8 week intensive course covering sales and product training and background physiology and anatomy. Must pass ABPI exam within 2 years. • Get company car and laptop. Must like driving! Vacancies: • The Daily Telegraph (Thursday), New Scientist. • Recruitment agencies handle vacancies: e.g. Pharmajobs,JobsParm.com • www.kent.ac.uk/careers/workin/medicalsales.htm#Medical
Patent Agent/Attorney • Obtains patents world-wide. • Reading descriptions of inventions/analysing novelty • Writing detailed specifications of inventions in clear and precise terms. • Filing applications for patents • Questioning and advising clients. • Employers: Private practices employ the majority; Industrial companies; Government departments. • Interest in law & knowledge of French and German useful
PATENT EXAMINER • Ensures applications for patents are within the requirements of the Patents Act and don't infringe the rights of inventors. • Searching publications to ascertain novelty. • Examining the invention. • Considering legal matters affecting entitlement to claimed monopoly. • Producing a report for the applicant. • UK Patent Office - Newport European Patent Office • www.kent.ac.uk/careers/workin/patent.htm
MEDICAL COMMUNICATIONS • Medical Writers - currently in demand. Write protocols, clinical trials reports, patient information and marketing literature. Jobs with pharmaceutical companies, contract research organisations and medical communications agencies • Technical Authors produce technical manuals e.g. computer manuals. • Science Writing. Increasingly done on-line. • Science Events Management – organising conferences
BIOINFORMATICS • Getting biological information (proteins, DNA and mRNA) logged, coded, retrieved in an easily accessible format. • Employers: Sanger Centre, European Bioinformatics Institute, MRC UK Human Genome Mapping Project, all in Cambridge, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics in Oxford. • Big pharmaceutical companies such as GSK or AstraZeneca recruit regularly, • Postgrad. Courses: Manchester, Leeds, Exeter, Edinburgh, Birkbeck, York – last 1 year. MRC gives studentships
SCIENCE TEACHER • PGCE is one-year, full-time route into teaching taken by most graduates. Many Kent students go to Christ Church • There are shortages of secondary science teachers but still need to have spent a few days in a school before you apply. • There is now a training salary plus shortage subject bursary. • We have example teacher training application forms, interview reports on interviews for teacher training etc. – see www.kent.ac.uk/careers/siteach.htm • Tuesday 2nd February APPLYING FOR TEACHER TRAINING TALK 1 pm, KLT5
Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy • Some shortened courses for graduates (2 years) • Occupational therapy involves work with people with disabilities to enable them to live as independently as possible.
Kent University Vacancy Databasewww.kent.ac.uk/careers/jobs/index.htmI will email summaries of these to you in final year. Prospects Webwww.prospects.ac.uk The Biochemical Societywww.biochemist.org/jobs www.careerscene.com adverts for trainee biomedical scientists. Science Recruitment Agencies - some offer temporary laboratory work in vacations. www.kent.ac.uk/careers/sitephar.htm#agencies Directories GET, Prospects New Scientistwww.newscientistgraduate.com Naturewww.nature.com/nature Speculative CVs use directories such as Pharmafile (on reference in Careers Centre) Science Vacancy Sources
To Find Out More …... • www.kent.ac.uk/careers/ScienceJobs.htm • www.kent.ac.uk/careers/workin.htm • www.prospects.ac.uk/Links/Occupations
Any questions? • Next week: applications and interviews for science jobs