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Sport Skill Analysis: Summary of Baseball/Softball Cues and Progressions. By Richard Fielder Source: Ann Asbell in EXSS 360 at Oregon State University. Introduction The following presentation is a summary of how one might teach basic skills involved in baseball/softball.

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sport skill analysis summary of baseball softball cues and progressions

Sport Skill Analysis:Summary of Baseball/Softball Cues and Progressions.

By Richard Fielder

Source: Ann Asbell in EXSS 360 at Oregon State University.

introduction
Introduction

The following presentation is a summary of how one might teach basic skills involved in baseball/softball.

This presentation will cover catching and overhand throwing.

catching
Catching
  • Progression
    • No glove, soft, softball
    • By self, toss in air
    • Toss to each other, short distance, increase
    • Underhand toss w/ regulation ball (if necessary progress to regulation ball)
    • Use glove, repeat previous steps
    • Overhand throw w/ glove
catching cont
Catching cont.
  • Critical Elements or Cues
    • Move to get in line with the ball as it leaves the throwers hand.
    • Show a target to thrower; glove up, open, ready.
    • Soft hands; some flex to elbows
    • Stance- forward to back stride; contra lateral foot slightly forward.
    • Ball down fingers down, ball up fingers up
    • Watch ball disappear into hands/glove
    • Give with the ball.
catching cont5
Catching cont.
  • Errors
    • Hands to stiff, wrong position.
    • Catch to the side, not move to position.
    • No give.
    • Not catching in pocket.
    • Taking eyes off the catch to soon.
    • Not using two hands when glove is in poor condition or when not using a glove.
catching cont6
Catching cont.
  • Safety
    • Ball matches ability level, maturity.
    • Hands not soft mold.
    • Miss the pocket.
    • No give
    • Ability of players is mismatched.
final note on catching
Final Note on Catching

If not using a glove, use both hands to catch. Beginners should also use the throwing hand to secure the ball in the glove; however, the free hand must be behind the glove or out of the way while the ball is thrown.

overhand throw
Overhand Throw
  • Progression
    • Grip, ready position, body motion, arm motion, wrist release and follow through.
    • Short distance wrist snaps first
    • Always start from a comfortable distance, build up.
overhand throw cont
Overhand Throw cont.
  • Critical Elements or Cues.
    • Preperation: Opposite foot and shoulder forward. Opposite arm/elbow point to target, weight on back foot.
    • Preparation: Ball in fingers; palm of hand not touching the ball; grip seams.
    • Preparation: Look at the chest of the reciever(their glove if they have provided a target).
overhand throw cont10
Overhand Throw cont.
  • Critical Elements or Cues cont.
    • Extent wrist on backswing (cock wrist)
    • Step w/ foot opposite throwing arm.
    • Rotate torso then shoulders(rotate opposite shoulder away from the direction of the throw using opposite arm or elbow to initiate rotation.
    • Lead throwing arm with elbow.
    • Hand catches up and is just “outside” elbow when ball is released.
    • Advanced form shown by clicking on button.
overhand throw cont11
Overhand Throw cont.
  • More Critical Elements or Cues.
    • Release(flex) wrist as last motion of throw, just past “peak of cap.”
    • During arm swing, upper arm should get to parallel position to ground, 90 degree angle to body.
    • Finish w/ arm across opposite hip, thumb pointing down and back, weight on forward foot.
    • Distance throws: use full wind up (down and around)
    • Quick short throws: Draw arm back like drawing a bow.
overhand throw cont12
Overhand Throw cont.
  • Errors
    • Grip in palm.
    • No pivot; poor shoulder rotation.
    • Wrong foot.
    • Elbow leads too close to body.
    • Poor wrist action.
    • Insufficient follow through.
overhand throw cont13
Overhand Throw cont.
  • Safety
    • Ball not matched to maturity, hand size.
    • Not starting esy, throwing too hard.
    • Lines too close; wrong directions.
conclusion
Conclusion

As you can see there is a lot involved in being a competent catcher and thrower. These skills are essential in softball and baseball and can be carried over into other overhand sports as well.