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Aeronautical Information. Vision and Strategy Executive Briefing. Topics. Introduction concepts Advances in aeronautical information Status at FAA What our customers want Current activities Summary. Topics/1. Introduction concepts Advances in aeronautical information Status at FAA

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aeronautical information

Aeronautical Information

Vision and Strategy Executive Briefing

topics
Topics
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
topics 1
Topics/1
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
introduction concepts
Introduction concepts
  • Products are presentations (Views) of data
    • Effective at date of publication
  • The primary user of [paper] products is humans
    • Machines have to interpret products to extract underlying data
  • The real value is in the data
    • The product is just the presentation

Web

Display

Publications

Hypertext

introduction concepts 2

Baseline

(Static Situation)

Delta

(Dynamic Changes)

NOTAMS

RESTRICTED

AIRSPACE ACTIVE

RUNWAY CLOSED

Introduction concepts/2
  • ICAO Annex 15 describes the product requirements for the Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) (2 Products)

Aeronautical Information Publication

Notice to Airman

introduction concept 3

Aeronautical

Products

Customers

Introduction concept/3
  • Historically we set up stovepipes to create products
    • Customers are responsible for integrating products into view of the airspace system
    • We cannot ensure the products are consistent

NASR

NOTAMs

ACES

ETMS

DAFIF

DOF

SUA

ALTRV

TPP

NFD

topics 2
Topics/2
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
advances in aeronautical information
Advances in Aeronautical Information
  • Maturity in understanding FAA products
  • What is a NOTAM?
  • Move from Messages to Transactions
  • Putting it together
  • What’s changed?
  • Global change: AIS to AIM
maturity in understanding products

1.

Maturity in understanding products
  • We don’t have to live in the “product-centric” past
    • We create many systems to do the same thing to the same basic data elements
    • Example of 2 Aeronautical Notices
      • Notice to Airman (NOTAM)
      • Special Use Airspace (SUA) status
  • Aeronautical information data products have common themes
    • Identification and Operation [ What ]
      • Description (KIAD), Status (Open/Closed)
    • Period of Validity [ When ]
    • Geometry [ Where ]
      • Point, Line, Polygon
        • Latitude, Longitude, Altitude
what is a notam

2.

Message

What is a NOTAM?
  • Notice that the published information has changed
  • NOTAM – Notice to Airmen
    • A0794/06 (09/027) - RUNWAY CLOSED 10/28 12 SEP 04:00 UNTIL UFN

+

+

12 Sep 0400 GMT

Until Further Notice

Geometry

Aeronautical Information Identification & Operation

Period of Validity

another notice military airspace status

2.

Message

Another notice Military Airspace Status
  • SUA Status – Special Use Airspace status
    • Buckeye Military Operation Area (MOA)
      • Activated 0900 to 1300 on Sep 9 2006

Buckeye

MOA

Activated

+

+

9 Sep 20060900 to 1300 GMT

MOA

boundary

Geometry

Aeronautical Information Identification & Operation

Period of Validity

what about other faa products

2.

What about other FAA products?
  • Products (Historically Text based)
    • NOTAM: Runway is Closed for a certain time
    • SUA: Buckeye MOA is Active for a certain time
    • CARF: Temporary Restricted Airspace
    • GPS/WAAS: GPS Unreliable in Coverage area until further notice
  • Common Themes
    • Identification and Operation [ What ]
    • Period of Validity [ When ]
    • Geometry [ Where ]
  • The examples above all describe something that is happening to a piece of airspace, but it could be an airport, navaid or any other component of the National Airspace System (NAS)
a credit card transaction a familiar example

3.

A Credit Card Transaction A familiar example
  • Credit card
    • [Existing] balance - Charge= [New] balance
    • [Existing] Value + transaction = [New] Value
      • Address update…..

Credit CardTransaction

Charge Number

Timestamp

OperationList of changed properties

Debit $200

=

+

Credit Information Identification & Balance

(Updated State)

Credit Information Identification & Balance

Message

a transaction aeronautical data works the same way

3.

A Transaction Aeronautical data works the same way
  • Start with published information about an aeronautical feature (runway, airport, airway, fix, airspace…)
    • Add a request to change a property of a feature (owner, status, availability…)
    • Result is the updated feature

Aeronautical InformationTransaction (AI-T)

Aeronautical Feature

Period of Validity:

Start of ChangeEnd of Change

OperationList of changed properties

Geometry

=

+

Aeronautical Information Identification & Operation

(Updated State)

Aeronautical Information Identification & Operation

(Published)

Message

(What, When, Where)

putting it together

3.

Putting it together
  • Start flight planning with a snapshot of the current airspace
    • Request updates to the dataset since the snapshot was taken
    • Result is a common [near-time] view of the NAS
      • Airports
      • Aircraft FMS
      • ATC Automation
      • Traffic Flow Management
      • Partners – International, Military, …
  • User systems would use or show that data in the form that supports their requirements
    • Query, Filter, Alert, Transform (text or graphic representation)
what s changed

5.

What’s changed?
  • International Recognition that we need to move from text-based products
  • There is a global exchange model available
    • Aeronautical Information Exchange Model (AIXM)
      • Describes aeronautical information and relationships
    • Designed for system to system exchange of data
  • We now understand that existing legacy products can be created from base NAS data
    • Publications
    • NOTAMs
    • Charts (after adaptation for best presentation)
  • Data Quality starts at the beginning of the process (survey) and must be maintained
    • Trace-ability of data source and modification
    • Chain-of-Custody
global change ais to aim

6.

AIP

SUP, NOTAM, AIC

Global change: AIS to AIM

Classical AIS

- publish documents

AIM System

- manage data

Managing Product

Managing Data

Document content and format is described by:

- ICAO Annex 15, Appendix 1 – AIP Content

- ICAO Annex 15, Appendix 6 – NOTAM format

- …

Data managed in the system is described by models:

- Aeronautical Information Exchange Model (AIXM)

- AIXM Conceptual Model (AICM)

- Electronic AIP (eAIP) – on-line presentation format

  • Specifications
  • Content
  • Quality
  • Metadata

EuroControl Slide

topics 3
Topics/3
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
historically at faa
Historically at FAA

Criteria is manual and form-based

Separate data sets for each activity

Paper-based processing and tracking

Non-integrated Products

Examples

7930.2 NOTAM Manual – Specifies “human-readable” grammar

Examples

DOF – Obstacle data set for public

AirNAV – Obstacle data set for procedure development

NASR – NAS data set for public

NACO – NAS data set for charting

Examples

Charts

Letters of Agreement

Publications

Procedure Charts

Airport Layouts

Examples

Letters of Agreement

SUA development and validation

NOTAMs

8260.19 TERPS – “Mail Sectional Charts” “Rules for interpreting terrain contours”

7400.X Airspace – Manual coordination and publication of airspace

trends in the faa
Trends in the FAA
  • Criteria – separating policy, procedures and data
    • 8260.19D (TERPS automation)
    • Proposed NOTAM manual modernization
  • Data sets – improved data integrity and information management
    • Surveys and Airport GIS
  • Processing – automation and workflow
    • iOE/AAA
    • MIA and MVA evaluations
    • Milops, Airport GIS, etc.
  • Products – automation from a common data set
    • eNASR
topics 4
Topics/4
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
what our customers want
What our Customers want
  • 2006 Global AIS Congress
  • Highlights from NOTAM Survey
  • Digital data not text
  • Multiple Views
  • Direct to the cockpit
2006 global ais congress ais the key to interoperability

1.

2006 Global AIS CongressAIS – The key to Interoperability
  • Presentation given to AIS Congress
  • By Capt. Ed Lyons
  • VP Safety & Airworthiness Air Operations for Federal Express
  • Madrid Attendance
    • Over 500 attendees
    • Over 80 Countries
  • High Level Representation
    • FAA ATO VP of System Operations
    • EUROCONTROL Director General
    • ICAO Director of Air Navigation

Message: “US NOTAM system is broken”

Request: NOTAM (AI) data directly to the cockpit

quotes from notam survey

2.

Quotes from NOTAM survey
  • FAA should plan to improve the processing and delivery of the aeronautical information because:
    • “The key issue is safety not savings. Savings are nice but safety is paramount. The current, fragmented system is potentially unsafe and is definitely inefficient.
    • Contradictory NOTAM – potentially unsafe
    • Local NOTAM not disseminated – potentially unsafe
    • Procedures changed by NOTAM – potentially unsafe (when good internal data checks would have uncovered the bad data in the fist place)
    • Untimely data – potentially unsafe
    • No advance warning e.g. long-haul flights inbound the USA – potentially unsafe (D-NOTAM)
    • Lack of current surface conditions – potentially unsafe”
  • Major Deficiencies to focus on
    • “Put someone in charge and give them the authority to change how business is done!
    • The NOTAM Office or some central facility must own, be aware of and have the authority to deal with all U.S. AIS/AIM data. It should also be able to follow up worldwide issues in coordination with EAD”
  • “A SINGLE SOURCE is a MUST”
digital data not text

3.

Digital data not text
  • Sample NOTAM text
    • A0794/06 (09/027) - RUNWAY CLOSED 10/28 12 SEP 04:00 UNTIL UFN
  • Data
    • Fully Described (What and When)
    • Fully geo-referenced (Where)
    • Timely!!!!!!!!!
  • Functionality
    • Query
    • Filter
    • Transform
    • Alert
multiple views of data

4.

Multiple views of data

Plain Language NOTAM Format

View B

View A

View C

Query Filter Transform Alert

Data enables Functions

direct to the cockpit

5.

Direct to the cockpit

x x x x x x x x x x

From Ed Lyons (FedEx) Presentation at 2006 AIS Congress

topics 5
Topics/5
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
current activities
Current activities
  • Aeronautical Information Exchange Model
  • Digital NOTAM Prototype
    • Airport Surface NOTAM Viewer
  • Next-generation Flight Management System (FMS)
  • 2007 NOTAM Improvements
  • Aeronautical Information Management
introduction to aixm
Introduction to AIXM
  • Standards-based approach for modeling aeronautical data
    • ICAO* Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS)
    • Industry standards
    • Data concepts from aeronautical information products
  • Originally developed by EUROCONTROL in 1990’s
  • AIXM 5 Developed by collaboration of EUROCONTROL, FAA, NGA and others.
  • Organized into major conceptual areas
    • Aerodromes
    • Airspace
    • Fixes
    • Procedures
    • Routes
    • Services
    • Obstacles

*ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization

aixm foundation
AIXM Foundation
  • AIXM 5 Design Document – Model for Aeronautical Information Exchange (AI-X)
    • www.aixm.aero

AI-X

xNOTAM

SUA Status

Airspace Status

Messages and AI-X

Feature Identification

ISO 19107

Geometry

ISO 19108

Temporality

ISO 19115

Metadata Schema

Others…

digital notam prototype
Digital-NOTAM prototype
  • Partnership with Air Mobility Command (AMC) and National Geo-spatial Intelligence Agency (NGA)
  • Proof of concept
    • Fully digital NOTAM data (what, when, and where)

NOTAM Creation

NOTAM Data Model

(Geo-referenced)

Distribute

US NOTAM

System

Convert

Static and Dynamic

Aeronautical Data

Traditional formats and distribution channels still exist.

airport surface notam viewer proof of concept

Digital NOTAM Explorer

Digital NOTAM Explorer

Filter

Select User Type

ABQ

Airport

:

Plain Language View

Military operations

Operation Type

VFR

(

Visual

)

Civilian

,

Commercial

Civilian

,

GA

IFR

Apply

Time Range

8

/

1

/

2006

8

/

4

/

2006

8

/

2

/

2006

8

/

3

/

2006

00

:

00

00

:

00

00

:

00

00

:

00

Airport Surface NOTAM ViewerProof of Concept

Machine readable NOTAM can be accurately filtered and converted to any format on the fly.

NOTAM

:

5

/

5454

Beginning

:

8

/

1

/

2006 00

:

00

Geo-referenced NOTAMs can be plotted on maps and associated with Airport surface features.

Ending

:

8

/

3

/

2006 12

:

30

Taxiway

:

A

-

8

Status

:

Closed

Visual indicator that there is a NOTAM

8

/

1

/

2006

8

/

2

/

2006

16

:

00

08

:

00

NOTAM data can be accurately filtered by time.

next generation flight management arinc navigation data base exchange ndbx
FMS uses proprietary data formats

Limiting options and competition

Equipment Limitations

Equipment and standard capacity limited

< 10 year life

Opportunity to resolve past compromises

Next Generation Flight ManagementARINC Navigation Data Base eXchange (NDBX)

December 2006

http://www.arinc.com/aeec/projects/ndbx/index.html

2007 notam improvements
2007 NOTAM Improvements
  • FAA needs to address the issue of Local NOTAMS
    • One central place to pull ALL US NOTAMs
  • NOTAM numbering system
    • Avoid re-using expired NOTAM numbers
    • Numbers rolled 3 times in 2006

Goal: Maximize short-term benefits

aeronautical information management

1.

Aeronautical Information Management
  • Operational
    • Address AI data quality and tracking directly from the point of origination
      • Should airports enter status changes directly into system?
    • Single portal for AIS, NOTAM, and all other AI (surveys, obstacles, …)
    • Integrate Special Use Airspace (SUA) status into the NOTAM system
    • Digital Delivery along side of legacy NOTAM delivery
  • Streamline AIM policy, processes and delivery
    • Implement workflow management throughout AI processes
      • Data Traceability and Metadata (source/author, date info, )
      • Tracking work throughout the data chain (survey…AIS…aircraft)
  • Involve more of the community
    • Planning a mid-April Community NOTAM briefing
topics 6
Topics/6
  • Introduction concepts
  • Advances in aeronautical information
  • Status at FAA
  • What our customers want
  • Current activities
  • Summary
summary
Summary
  • Paradigm Shift
    • Move from legacy AIS thinking to Aeronautical Information Management (legacy product to data)
    • Actions Planned
  • International Adoption
    • Global data exchange format
      • Aeronautical Information Exchange Format (AIXM)
    • Partnership
  • A couple of things to remember….
paradigm shift data is the key

1.

Paradigm Shift Data is the key
  • Products are specifications on how data should be presented
    • Charts (products) have two parts
      • The aeronautical data
      • How the data (label) should be presented (anchored to graphic) on the document
    • Products can be out-of-date the day of publication
  • Quality begins at the beginning of the data chain
  • Single Entry – Multiple Views
data driven charts computer assisted cartography is available now

1.

Data-driven ChartsComputer-assisted cartography is available now

1. Offset from Attribute

General Rules

Label requirements based on rules by scale

Offset based on rules

Label Location based on rules

Overlapping based on rules

Location Candidate #1

2. Candidate Placements

Candidate #4

XYZ

XYZ

XYZ

Candidate #2

XYZ

XYZ

XYZ

XYZ

XYZ

Candidate #5

Candidate #3

single data entry computer automated products are possible now

1.

Single Data EntryComputer automated products are possible now

Multiple Products/Views

AIXM

TFR Graphics

AIXM

Different Transforms

international adoption

2.

1 –AIM is

core ATM

enabler

4–Ensure quality

for all phases

of flight

2 – Enlarged

scope

8 – Business

Focus

3 – Move from

product to data

approach

6 - Global

AIM

Partnerships

9 - Civil/Military

partnerships

7 - Human

Capital

5 – Regional

Excellence

International Adoption
  • From 2006 Global AIS Congress
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • China
  • EuroControl
  • Japan
  • South Africa
  • United States
a couple things to remember

3.

A couple things to remember…
  • Quality from the very beginning
    • Quality check as data enters the system
      • Authorization and accuracy
    • Focus on end-to-end quality
    • Complete Chain-of-Custody
  • Move to digital delivery of Aeronautical data
    • Build products from base AI data
    • Merge like data types (NOTAMs and SUAs)
    • Single entry – Multiple Views
    • We will still have to maintain many of our legacy formats
  • Aeronautical data is not just traditional AIS and NOTAMs
  • Its Global…
definitions
Definitions
  • AEEC Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee (ARINC)
  • AI Aeronautical Information (also means Artificial Intelligence)
  • AI-T AI Transaction
  • AIM Aeronautical Information Management
  • AIS Aeronautical Information Service
  • AICM Aeronautical Information Conceptual Model
  • AIXM Aeronautical Information Exchange Model based on XML
  • Annex 15 ICAO annex addressing AI Services
  • CARF
  • COI Community of Interest
  • FMC Flight Management Computer
  • FMS Flight Management System
  • IV&V Independent Verification &Verification
  • MOA Military Operating Area
  • NDBX Navigation Database Exchange
  • NOTAM Notice to Airman
  • SUA Special Use Airspace
  • UML Unified Modeling Language
  • WG Work Group
  • XML eXtendable Markup Language